National Award Ceremony in Applied Economics Held at HSE
The prestigious National Award in Applied Economics 2016 has been granted to Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, Professor at the Paris School of Economics, and Evgeny Yakovlev, Professor and Director of the New Economic School Data Centre, for their paper ‘The Unequal Enforcement Of Liberalization: Evidence From Russia's Reform Of Business Regulation’. The National Award ceremony took place on April 20, 2016 as part of the XVII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development.
The National Award in Applied Economics was established in 2009 by the Higher School of Economics (HSE, Moscow), New Economic School (NES, Moscow), the Ural Federal University (UrFU, Ekaterinburg), Association of Russian Economic Think Tanks (ARETT, Moscow), RAS Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO RAS), and Expert business magazine (Moscow). The award is given once every two years for outstanding published papers that analyse the Russian economy at the country, industry, regional, or company level.
This year 20 papers were nominated, two of them were rejected by the jury as they did not meet the formal criteria such as nomination and publication deadlines. A total of 18 papers were sent for anonymous review to at least two experts, more than half of whom were international scholars from leading universities and research centres.
17 of 18 papers represent the articles published in international journals, including Journal of the European Economic Association, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Law and Economics and Journal of Comparative Economics. The papers were either written by Russian or international authors alone or co-authored by Russian and international scholars. The number of papers in each category was approximately the same.
‘The fact that many works submitted to the contest were co-authored by Russian and international researchers, published in leading peer-reviewed journals, and widely cited means that the Russian economy is an interesting research topic internationally, and that Russian scholars are well-known and highly qualified,’ — said Laura Solanko, Senior Advisor at the Bank of Finland, member of this year’s jury and the winner of the National Award in Applied Economics - 2014.
The topics were quite varied, ranging from individual and company behaviour on the stock and labour markets to the role of economic and political institutions in economic development, as well as issues related to Russia’s economic history.
Ekaterina Zhuravskaya and Evgeny Yakovlev examined the Russian reform of the early 2000s aimed at decreasing regulatory costs for business.
‘This paper examines the critical question in the development economics: how economic liberalization affects the performance of small businesses, — said Alexander Muraviev, member of the jury and Associate Professor at the HSE St. Petersburg School of Economics and Management. The main conclusion of the study is that liberalization has a positive impact on the performance of small firms and affects the growth of small businesses as a whole. The positive effect is stronger in regions with more transparent local government, better informed residents, stronger and more reform-oriented business lobbyists, and broader autonomy, in other words, in regions with stronger institutions. In our opinion, the work is not only interesting from the point of view of economic science, but may also help to respond to the challenges faced by the Russian economy.’
During the ceremony several papers received honourable mention, including the following:
- Serguey Braguinsky, Sergey Mityakov, and Andrey Liscovich, 2014. Direct Estimation of Hidden Earnings: Evidence from Administrative Data. Journal of Law and Economics, 57(2): 281-319.
- Julia Shvets, Judicial Institutions and Firms’ External Finance: Evidence from Russia, Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, August 2013 29: 735-764.
- Irena Grosfeld & Alexander Rodnyansky & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2013. Persistent Antimarket Culture: A Legacy of the Pale of Settlement after the Holocaust, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 5(3), pages 189-226.
The roundtable "Teaching Economics to High School Students: Curricula, Practices, Competitions" took place as part of the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. Danil Fedorovykh, Deputy Vice Rector of HSE University and the President of the Executive Board of the International Economics Olympiad (IEO), initiated the session. Alexander Zhitkovskiy, Head of the Project Laboratory for Development of Intellectual Competitions in Economics (Faculty of Economic Sciences, HSE University), was the co-moderator.
The Core of the Nesting Doll: What a Comparison of the April Conference, the World Economic Forum, and the Gaidar Forum Reveals
This year the April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development took place for the twenty-second time, and, for the first time, Sberbank joined HSE University as a co-organizer of the event. Research assistants of the Economic Journalism Laboratory, headed by Nikolay Vardul, analyzed the agenda of the April Conference and compared it with those of other major forums. The findings of the study can be found among the laboratory’s publications.
On April 30, the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development came to a close. This year it was organized jointly by HSE University and Sberbank, and the majority of the events were held online. HSE Vice President and Conference Programme Committee Deputy Chair Lev Yakobson spoke with HSE News Service about his initial takeaways from the event and its new format.
The XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development is drawing to a close in Moscow. In an interview with the media partner of the event, NEWS.ru, HSE University Vice Rector Ivan Prostakov spoke about how the format of the conference was organized, how the pandemic impacted the event, and how scientists and experts from different countries regard Russia.
Cyber Performance, PROK Cinema, and Digital Art: The Development of Art and Art Research in the 21st Century
From April 21 to 23, 2021, a major online conference of the HSE Art and Design School and the Doctoral School of Art and Design was held on ‘Theories and Practices of Art and Design: Sociocultural, Economic and Political Contexts.’ Experts discussed educational practices in art, its contemporary state, the impact of technology, and prospects for the art industry’s future development.
To what extent do the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) benefit from an open economy? What financial, scientific, and educational policy tools will contribute to the implementation of the recently approved ‘Strategic Directions for the Development of Eurasian Economic integration until 2025’? These questions were discussed by participants in a series of expert discussions at the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development organised by HSE University and Sberbank.
In order to remain competitive in the labour market, university graduates must be proficient not only in professional knowledge and skills, but also in a set of universal competences (UC). However, higher education systems face problems in assessing such competences due to a lack of developed approaches and methodologies. A report released by the HSE Institute of Education, ‘An Assessment of Universal Competences as Higher Education Learning Outcomes’, analyses the ways in which these challenges have been addressed in both Russia and abroad.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a fundamental component of many activities in economics and finance in recent years. On April 26,Panos Pardalos, Academic Supervisor at theLaboratory of Algorithms and Technologies for Networks Analysis (LATNA at HSE Nizhny Novgorod) and Distinguished Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the University of Florida, will talk about its impact, future developments and limitations in his honorary lecture Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Economics and Finance.
What is affect and why is it important for humans? How can feelings be defined and what is their relation to emotions and consciousness? What might be used in making a soft robot? Professor Antonio Damasio (University of Southern California, USA) discussed these and other questions in his honorary lecture, entitled 'Feeling, Knowing, and Artificial Intelligence'.The talk was delivered on April 16 at the at the XXII April International Academic Conference held by HSE University jointly with Sberbank.
General wealth levels in Eastern Europe and Central Asia have been improving since 2012 — poverty has been decreasing. But due to COVID, global poverty levels, including those of these regions, may increase considerably for the first time in two decades. Samuel Freije-Rodriguez, Lead Economist at World Bank, talked about this at the XXII April Conference organized by HSE University and Sberbank.