Alexei Starobinsky, Professor in Faculty of Physics, Elected Foreign Associate at U.S. National Academy of Sciences
Alexei Starobinsky, Professor in the HSE Faculty of Physics, has been elected Foreign Associate at the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. Previously, he has served as an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences of Germany (Leopoldina), the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and two Indian academies – the Indian National Science Academy (New Delhi) and the National Academy of Sciences (Allahabad).
Professor Starobinsky’s research interests include classical and quantum theories of gravity, cosmology, and relativistic astrophysics. He authored the first books on the inflation theory (1979, 1980), which is the leading cosmology theory today and describes the early universe before the Hot Big Bang stage. Together with Andrei Linde and Alan Guth, he is considered a founder of this theory; for their achievement, in 2014, they were jointly awarded the Kavli Prize, a leading international award in astrophysics. He is also the recipient of one of the most prestigious awards in cosmology, the Gruber Prize in Cosmology (2013), as well as several other medals and awards, including the Andrei Sakharov golden medal awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences (2016).
Professor Starobinsky’s scholarly achievements also include the calculation of the number of created particles and the average tensor in momentum energy of quantum fields in homogeneous anisotropic cosmological models (1971, co-authored with Y.B. Zeldovich). He developed the hypothesis suggested by Zeldovich in 1971 and proved that rotating black holes must generate and radiate particles (1973), which was a precursor of Stephen Hawking’s theory that all black holes, not only rotating ones, radiate particles (1974). Together with Y.N, Pariiski et al, Professor Starobinsky also discovered angular fluctuations of the temperature of cosmic microwave background radiation using a RATAN-600 radio telescope (1992).
Alexei Starobinsky is Chief Research Fellow at the RAS Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics and a member of the editorial board at ten leading academic journals in the areas of his research interests.
The U.S. National Academy of Sciences is the most authoritative public academic organization in the United States. It was founded in 1863 by the U.S. Congress, and its founding act was signed by President Abraham Lincoln. The academy aims to serve as an expert community that helps the country and the public in the most complicated issues related to science. Academy members work on a pro bono basis.
Today, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences counts about 2,350 members and over 450 foreign associates. Approximately 200 Nobel Prize laureates serve as members. New members are elected for life by current members in a ballot vote. Being elected as a foreign associate of the Academy is one of the most significant acknowledgements of a person’s input on global science.
Together with his colleagues, Igor Kukushkin, Chief Research Fellow at the Institute of Solid State Physics (Russian Academy of Sciences) and Professor at the Faculty of Physics at the Higher School of Economics, has founded two scientific-commercial enterprises. Their products are used in a range of areas, including pharmaceuticals and medicine, as well as to control the quality of various materials and even in the fight against terrorism. Igor Kukushkin spoke to the HSE news service about how to combine science and business.
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics and the University of Leipzig have created a model which enables the timely and effective prediction of polymer behavior in mixed solvents. This is the first scientific work to explain, using statistical mechanics, the effect of suppression of co-nonsolvency at high pressures. The findings have been published in the journal Soft Matter.
From November 20th – 24th, 2017, the National Theoretical Mechanics Competition took place at the Kazan State Power Engineering University, attracting 120 students from 35 Russian universities.
The American Physical Society (APS) has recognised HSE MIEM Professor Lev Shchur for his innovative use of computer simulations and the development of superior random number generators for their use in statistical physics. Professor Shchur is the only academic working in Russia to be selected as APS Fellow in 2017.
This year the first enrollment was held at HSE Faculty of Physics: since September 26 bachelor’s and 14 master’s students will start their studies at the faculty. They received student ID cards as well as promises to study in creative atmosphere with assistance.
The Higher School of Economics is welcoming its first class of students to the Faculty of Physics. The new faculty is unique in that it fosters a close relationship between education and science. At the Space Research Institute, for instance, future master’s students will create devices to study space plasma, analyse data from satellites, and learn to determine space weather.
Thirty school students from Moscow and the Moscow Region recently had an opportunity to meet international researchers and analyze data obtained from the Large Hadron Collider at a workshop organized by HSE’s Faculty of Computer Science, Yandex and CERN.
Igor Kolokolov and Vladimir Lebedev, scientific experts from HSE’s Faculty of Physics and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, have developed an analytical theory, which binds the structure of coherent vortices formed due to inverse cascades in 2-D turbulence with the statistical properties of hydrodynamic fluctuations. Uncovering this link can be useful in identifying the causes of the particular characteristics of such atmospheric phenomena as cyclones and anticyclones. Their research is presented in an article published in the ‘Journal of Fluid Mechanics’.
Konstantin Arutyunov, Professor at the School of Electronic Engineering of HSE Tikhonov Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics, discusses what the new programme offers its students and why the future lies with quantum technologies.
Social scientists from National Research University Higher School of Economics (NRU HSE) measured scientific capital of 39 physics institutions of Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). More detailed information about research results can be found in the journal Scientometrics.