First HSE Researchers to Receive a Patent from US Patent and Trademark Office
The new patented method is based on a superposition of functions and considerably enhances the speed and precision of Big Data processing. The project’s authors are Fuad Aleskerov, Tenured Professor at HSE and Head of the International Laboratory of Decision Choice and Analysis, Laboratory Researchers Sergey Shvydun, Evgeny Mitichkin and Vyacheslav YakubaVyacheslav Chistyakov
April 26 is the World Intellectual Property Day.
Increasing the number of patents is one of the important goals listed in HSE’s development programme for the coming years. We are ready to support our researchers and inventors so that they can acquire Russian and international patents. The HSE Copyright and Legal Support for Research Unit, as well as the Patent Bureau at the HSE Legal Office, provide comprehensive support for this process, from the application stage to legal procedures and duty payments.
How the Idea Appeared
There is Hilbert's 13thproblem in mathematics, which is related to the superposition of functions. David Hilbert uncovered this problem in the early 20th century, and the solution was finally identified by Andrey Kolmogorov and Vladimir Arnold half a century later.
The question was as follows: if there are two ‘good’ real functions, what result can be produced by their superposition, or their consecutive application? Arnold and Kolmogorov proved that this result could potentially be very negative.
‘In late 1980s, when my teacher Mark Aizerman and I were writing a book on choice theory, I decided to look at how this problem would work on choice functions,’ said Fuad Aleskerov, adding: ‘It was clear that the answer would likely be negative, but it was interesting to see whether there was any specificity in regards to choice’.
This specificity was described through several theorems, after which Professor Aleskerov put the topic aside, opting to pursue research in other areas. He came back to it many years later thanks to one project, where a standard Big Data analysis didn’t work out so well.
‘It was then that I remembered the superposition problem and suggested applying it,’ said Fuad Aleskerov.
They tried – and produced incredibly high-quality work as a result
The method was then applied on Microsoft test data, and as compared to standard methods, the result was improved by 40%.
Then, one more idea was used - satisficing choice, which was first formalized by Professor Aleskerov and had been previously suggested by Nobel Prize winner Herbert Simon. This model turned out to be highly effective.
From a Study to a Patent
Based on this research, Professor Aleskerov wrote a paper for one of the leading academic journals.
‘Around the same time, I was invited to a meeting on patents at HSE University,’ Fuad Aleskerov remembered, noting: ‘And I suggested patenting our development right away’. We discussed getting a patent from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), which is globally recognized, for the first time ever.’
‘The HSE Legal Office provided a lot of support in getting the patent,’ said Professor Aleskerov. ‘Aliya Ermakova, Director for Legal Affairs, did a lot to help us finalize this process. I believe that now she is a full member of our authors’ team,’ he added.
As a result, the Method for Selecting Valid Variants in Search and Recommendation Systems (Variants) has received an official USPTO patent.
The models created by Aleskerov and his colleagues have found rather unexpected applications in such areas as meteorology. This method has been applied at HSE on data provided by American scholars to study tornadoes, and thus improved the calculation precision by 4%, as compared with the existing algorithms. In the view of experts, for this area of studies, such an improvement in precision is a major achievement.
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At the general meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), held on April 23, research by Alexander Kostinskiy, Vladimir Rakov and Mikhail Andreev conducted in collaboration with their colleagues from academic institutes on the modeling and development of lightning was acknowledged as one of the most significant Russian scientific achievement in 2018.
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The HSE Academic Council announced that Sergey Pekarski, Head of the Department of Theoretical Economics, will take over as Dean of Faculty from Oleg Zamulin, who will join Sberbank’s Centre of Macroeconomic Research as Director. Professor Zamulin will retain his position of professor at the faculty and continue teaching.
The head of the HSE Institute of Education, Professor Isak Froumin, has joined the journal International Review of Education as a consulting editor. David Atchoarena, the publication’s editor-in-chief and the director of the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning, recently informed the Institute of Education that he was extending this offer.
In order to research human capital, Lilia Ovcharova, a renowned scholar and expert on social policy, has been appointed Vice Rector responsible for applied human capital research at HSE. Human capital development studies are key priority for our university.
Italy’s Ambassador to Russia Pasquale Terracciano made HSE Banking Institute Director Vasily Solodkov a Knight of the Italian Order of the Star for his exceptional scholarly contribution to the advancement and development of friendly relations and cooperation between Italy and Russia.
Tenured HSE Professor Fuad Aleskerov, who is the head of the Faculty of Economic Sciences’ Department of Mathematics, has become a member of the Informatics section of the Academia Europaea.