‘We Must Find New Ways to Bring Objective, High-Quality Information to People’
On August 12, the Territory of Ideas all-Russia youth education forum will come to a close in the town of Solnechnogorsk in the Moscow region. HSE Rector Nikita Anisimov spoke at the fifth session of the forum, declaring this year’s admissions campaign to be the most successful in the university’s history.
The Territory of Ideas forum was first held in 2015, and has taken place in the Moscow region since 2019. The forum is organized by the Federal Agency for Youth Affairs and the Russia — Land of Opportunity nonprofit, with HSE University serving as an educational partner. The 2021 forum began on July 5 and will end on August 12 with the fifth session: ‘Serving Your Country.’
On August 8, HSE University Rector Nikita Anisimov took part in a panel discussion entitled ‘Are Patriots Born or Made?’ on the topics of historical awareness and national self-identity. Mr. Anisimov talked about the importance not only of preserving traditions, but also of celebrating the latest national achievements. He cited the Tokyo Olympics as a unifying event followed by 61% of Russians, and offered words of support to Russia’s athletes: ‘What matters is that they fought to the end and showed everyone what they are capable of.’
He went on to explain that due to the Olympic Organising Committee’s refusal to allow training in Tokyo, Russia’s sports stars trained at the facilities of the Far Eastern Federal University, where he previously served as president.
Other topics of discussion included the competitive ability of Russian universities, the implementation of patriotism classes, increasing youth awareness and developing domestic tourism. Mr. Anisimov also highlighted that HSE University’s 2021 admissions campaign has been the most successful its history. Over 15,000 students will be admitted to the university. HSE University has already received almost 8,000 applications from international students from 147 countries.
According to the HSE Rector, the issue of domestic student migration is more pressing than its international counterpart. In light of this, it has been beneficial to increase the number of state-funded places in regional universities. On the topic of patriotic education, Mr. Anisimov believes that simply adding a new area to the curriculum is not enough—it is vital to consider how it should be taught. Moreover, it is essential to conduct youth outreach campaigns to combat the spread of fake news and to increase awareness among young people.
‘The speed of information uptake is rapid. Influencers with hundreds of thousands of followers can spread unverified information that people take to be true. People have more faith in Instagram bloggers than in qualified researchers. What can we do about this? We can provide and disseminate verified information using a variety of methods. We must find new ways to bring objective, high-quality information to people’ he said.
Mr. Anisimov also discussed domestic tourism, noting growing interest in the sector thanks to increased investment by Russian regions, as well as the availability of concessions and dedicated programmes to make travel more accessible.
The fourth session of the forum, entitled ‘Politics: New Challenges’, took place on August 2. HSE University Academic Supervisor and mentor of the Leaders of Russian managers competition Yaroslav Kuzminov took part in a panel discussion on ‘The Transformation of the Labour Market’, in which he talked about the challenges posed by the pandemic and digitalization. Mr. Kuzminov described the pandemic as a point of no return in cementing the necessity of digital technologies in all our lives.
Women typically earn 18%-20% less than men do with the same education, profession and personal characteristics, researchers from the Higher School of Economics found using data from an employment survey of young personnel. What’s more, this income gap has a cumulative effect, growing wider the longer a woman works. Education, however, significantly compensates for this ‘penalty’. IQ.HSE examined this issue with the help of a study by Margarita Kiryushina and Victor Rudakova.
Teaching is a stressful job, and with schools and universities operating remotely over the last eighteen months, teachers’ worries have increased dramatically. In the latest in a series of articles on distance learning, IQ.HSE reports on research conducted by the HSE University Institute of Education on how teachers have been coping with stress.
‘Up and Ahead’: Students in New Master's Programme to Study Psychometrics and Developmental Sciences
Enrolment is underway for the HSE Institute of Education’s new Master's programme, Science of Learning and Assessment, which was developed at the intersection of developmental science, advanced methods of neuroscience and psychometrics, and the theory and practice of testing and measurement. Students will learn to assess human development and adjust the learning process, relying on evidence-based approaches of neuroscience and current concepts of measuring skills, personality characteristics, competencies, and other complex constructs.
Educational inequality is a universal problem, but it manifests itself in different countries in different ways. Comparing the issue across different contexts is always interesting—even more so if the person doing the comparing has a diverse set of examples to draw upon. Adam Gemar earned his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in the US before earning his Doctoral degree at Durham University (UK). Now he is a Postdoctoral Fellow at HSE University’s Institute of Education, where he is studying educational inequality in Russia with the Centre for Cultural Sociology. In his interview, he spoke about his research, life in Moscow, and Russian winters.
Four-year, instead of five-year, degree programmes shave off a year of study, thus saving considerable time and money, and allowing graduates to find employment and build work experience earlier, which eventually translates into a higher salary. This raises the question of whether a fifth year of undergraduate studies brings any returns at all.
In 2012, many universities started signing incentive contracts with their staff in order to stimulate research and active inclusion in the global academic market. Together with orders issued by Russia’s president in May, this has led to growth in university salaries. But exactly which responsibilities increase pay — teaching, research or administrative work? The answer to this question will help improve the effective contract system to make it profitable both for teachers and universities.
Most international students in Russia come from CIS countries, or former Soviet republics in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Eastern Europe. The preserved social and cultural links promote this, as well as students’ good command of Russian. Students from outside the former Soviet Union come to Russia primarily due to economic reasons and the strong reputation of Russia’s leading universities. At the same time, however, they often see Russia as an unsafe country and consider it a backup plan.
2020 has definitely become a year of online learning. Children of all ages, as well as many adults, have had to study remotely. This has allowed researchers to look at education accessibility problems from a new perspective and evaluate how the massive transition to online learning aligns with existing norms and attitudes toward limiting screen time. Nadezhda Knyaginina and Evgenii Puchkov, researchers from the Education Law Laboratory at the HSE Institute of Education talked about their lab’s research on this matter.
Right now university students are taking their fall semester final exams. For various reasons, some students drop out. This is especially the case in advanced fields of study such as engineering. Researchers from HSE University’s Institute of Education Evgenia Shmeleva and Isak Froumin have published a paper on the decisive factors that cause students to abandon their university education.
End-of-term exams have just finished in many universities operating on the modular system. Some students passed because they worked hard while others passed by cheating. Why do some students cheat by looking over someone's shoulder, furtively searching for test answers on the internet, using cheat sheets during exams or paying others to complete their coursework? A study conducted by the HSE Centre for Sociology of Higher Education offers some answers.