If the majority of a country’s population moved from values of survival to values of self-expression, individuals with both types of values will try to avoid corrupt behaviour. But if, as in Russia, values of survival prevail in society, individuals with values of self-expression are inclined to act corruptly. This is the conclusion of a study by Maria Kravtsova and Alexey Oshchepkov.
The burst of political life in Moscow and other Russian regions in 2011-2012 led to a number of academic studies, both in Russia and internationally. The results and conclusions made by researchers show how diverse the nature of Russian protest activity is.
The fun-loving nature of the 2011-2012 protests in Russia offered a stark contrast to what happened at the rallies of the 1980s and 1990s. Svetlana Shomova studied the key features of the self-made, humorous banners and methods used at the protests.
The ‘lower’ middle class is focused on family. The ‘upper’ is focused on social changes. As the level of social self-determination grows, the middle class is changing its motivation for engaging in social activity. A study by Alla Kupreychenko.
With rising incomes, people are less accepting of war. In recent decades in Russia, as in many countries around the world, the number of citizens willing to give their lives for their country has declined. These are findings of joint research by Ronald Inglehart and HSE.
The ideas of freedom and democracy are at the core of the most successful parts of human civilization today. Can modern Catholicism and Orthodoxy find a way to unite around these ideas? Maxim Bogachev from the HSE raised this question in his paper to the HSE April Conference.
Traditionally, the falsification of an election involves filling ballot boxes with fake ballot papers. International researchers at the HSE analyzed another mechanism which can be used to distort the election process: pressure on employers and employees. The following is a review of a paper by Timothy Frye, Ora John Reuter, and David Szakonyi.
Russians are more concerned about material success than self-realization, in spite of a global shift from survival values to self-expression values. ‘Happiness in Russia in Comparative Perspective’, is a paper by Edouard Ponarin, Director of the HSE Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (LCSR).