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Regular version of the site
International Scholarly Conference

Europe, 1945: Liberation, Occupation, Retribution

Nineteen forty-five was a time for beginnings and settling scores. For some, the arrival of the Red Army meant freedom from German rule and new opportunities under Soviet rule. Others feared a new occupation and the costs of their actions under the German regime. The aftermath of occupation and often-vengeful liberation had long-ranging consequences, creating new power dynamics and animosities that reverberate in the memory of the war seventy years later. “1945” serves as a metaphor for the moment of liberation and the advent of the postwar order. In some territories not far west of Moscow, the end of German occupation and re-Sovietization came as early as 1942; in other areas, such as the Baltic region, armed conflict continued after 1945. But all areas experienced a common shift from the wartime order to the post-war world, and analyzing this transition is the conference’s main objective.

 

The conference will convene at  Myasnitskaya street, 20, room 309 and 311.

 

We kindly ask our guests to order a pass to the building in advance at worldwar2@hse.ru

 

HSE students and staff should present their ID to enter the building.

Working languages are English and Russian (simultaneous translation will be provided).

Conference program 

 Program (eng) (DOCX, 87 Кб)

 

 

 

 Программа (рус) (DOCX, 97 Кб)




PROGRAM

 

TUESDAY, JUNE 2

 

9:30 AM         -           REGISTRATION (Foyer, 3rd floor)

 

 

10:00 AM       -           WELCOME AND OPENING REMARKS (Room 311)

 

 

 

10:30 AM

PANEL 1: PERSPECTIVES ON 1945 (Room 311)

 

Moderator: Oleg Budnitskii

Professor, School of History, Director of the International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

 

Lewis Siegelbaum

Jack and Margaret Sweet Professor of History, Michigan State University, USA

1945 in the Soviet Union: Regimes and Repertoires of Human Mobility

 

Sabine Dullin

Professor of Contemporary History, Sciences Po Paris, France

Landscapes of Uncertainty: Soviet-East European Political Encounters at the Borderlands, 1944-1945

 

Jan Gross

Professor of History, Princeton University, USA

Poland in 1945: Liberation or Second Occupation?

 

EgbertJahn

Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Contemporary History, University of Mannheim, Germany

Was Germany Defeated or Liberated on the 8th/9 th of May 1945?

 

 

12:30 PM       -           LUNCH (Dining hall)

 

 

1:30 PM

PANEL 2: WORLD WAR II AND ITS IMPACT ON THE POSTWAR PERIOD

(Room 311)

 

Moderator: Nikolaus Katzer

Director, German Historical Institute Moscow

 

Stephen G. Wheatcroft

Professorial Fellow, School of Historical and Philosophical Studies, University of Melbourne, Australia

Food Problems and Demographic Movements, 1941-1947

 

Oleg V. Khlevniuk

Leading Research Fellow, International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, Professor of History, NRU HSE, Moscow

The Soviet Political System: From the War to the Postwar Period

 

 

Tommaso Piffer,

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

The Soviet Union, the European Communist Movement and the Origins of Postwar Europe, 1943-1945

 

3:00 PM         -           COFFEE BREAK (Room 300)

 

 

3:30 PM        

PANEL 3: THE PERSONALIZED EXPERIENCE OF LIBERATION (Room 311)

 

Moderator: Michael David-Fox

Professor of Russian History, Georgetown University

Scholarly Advisor, International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

 

Oleg Budnitskii

Professor, School of History, Director of the International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

The Red Army Encounters Europe, 1944-1945

 

Petra Bopp

Research fellow, Institute of Art History, Free University Berlin, Germany

Camera Sights: German and Russian Soldiers’ Views of Occupation, Captivity and Liberation in Soviet Territories and Berlin in 1941-1948

 

Elke Scherstjanoi

Research Fellow, Institute of Contemporary History Munich – Berlin, Germany

Perceptions of Germans by the Red Army Combatants in Germany, 1945

 

 

5:00 PM         -           COFFEE BREAK (Room 300)

 

 

5:30 PM        

PANEL 4: DEMOBILIZATION, RE-EVACUATION AND POSTWAR DISCONTENTS (Room 311)

                                                                                              

Moderator: Aleksandr Kamenskii

Dean, School of History, NRU HSE, Moscow

 

Filip Slaveski

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Alfred Deakin Research Institute, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia

Fighting Stalinism from Within: Red Army Raids on Party Pre-Election Meetings and Troop Violence across the Postwar Soviet Space, 1945-1946.

 

Joanna Wawrzyniak

Deputy Head for Student Affairs, Institute of Sociology, University of Warsaw, Poland

Veterans and the Politics of World War II in Communist Poland

 

Elena Rozhdestvenskaya

Professor, School of Sociology, NRU HSE

Problems and Strategies of Integration of the Former “Ostarbeiters” in the Soviet Society

7:15 PM         -           RECEPTION (Room 300)

 

 

 

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 3 (parallel sessions)

 

 

10:00 AM      

PANEL 5: THE LIBERATION OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Room 311)

 

Moderator: Alain Blum

Research Fellow, National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), Paris, France, and Franco-Russian Research Center, Moscow

Martin Beisswenger

Assistant Professor, School of History, NRU HSE, Moscow

Prague, 1945: Russian Émigré Intellectuals Meet the Red Army

 

Artem Zorin

Associate Professor in Global History, Vyatka State University of Humanities, Kirov

Soviet and American Troops in the Liberated Czechoslovakia: Experience in Interaction and Mutual Perception

 

Rachel Applebaum

Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for the Humanities, Tufts University, USA                                                                                                             

War as Cultural Diplomacy: The Legacy of the Red Army’s Liberation of Czechoslovakia and the Construction of the Eastern Bloc

 

 

10:00 AM      

PANEL 6: SOVIET OCCUPATION AND RECKONING: INSTITUTIONALIZED AND SPONTANEOUS VIOLENCE (Room 309)

 

Moderator: Emilia Koustova

Associate Professor of Russian Studies, Department of Slavonic Studies, Strasbourg University, France

 

Andreas Weigelt

Independent Scholar, Germany

Death Sentences by Soviet Military Tribunals against Germans, 1944-1947

 

Vera Dubina

Associate Professor of History, Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences,

Project Coordinator in History and Civil Society, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Moscow

“A Common Story”: Memory on Sexual Violence during Military Occupation in World War II

 

Franziska Exeler

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

What Did You Do During the War? Personal Reckonings in the Aftermath of Nazi Occupation

 

11:30 AM       -           COFFEE BREAK (Room 300)

 

 

12:00 NOON

PANEL 7: JEWISH EXPERIENCES OF LIBERATION (Room 311)

 

Moderator: Oleg Khlevniuk

Leading Research Fellow, International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, Professor of History, NRU HSE, Moscow

 

Daniel Newman

Program Director of the Initiative for the Study of the Holocaust in the Soviet Union, Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, USA

Soviet Jewish POWs during and after the Holocaust

 

Anika Walke

Assistant Professor, Department of History, Washington University in St. Louis, USA

Between Liberation, Longing, and Loss: Jewish Youth after the Holocaust in Belorussia

 

Elana Jakel

Program Director of the Initiative for the Study of Ukrainian Jewry, Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, USA

Soviet Jewish Experiences of Liberation in Ukraine

 

 

12:00 NOON

PANEL 8: WORLD WAR II IN POSTWAR CULTURE (Room 309)

 

Moderator: Valérie Pozner

Research Fellow, National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), Paris, France

 

Vanessa Voisin

Postdoctoral Research Fellow for the Project «CINESOV 1939-1949», French National Research Agency, Paris, France

Retribution on the Soviet Screen

 

Ilya Kukulin

Associate Professor, School of Cultural Studies, Senior Research Fellow, International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

The Victors with the Self-Perception of the Vanquished: Poetic Interpretations of the Postwar Attitudes in Soviet Society by Georgii Obolduev and Boris Chichibabin, 1945-1947

 

Mischa Gabowitsch

Academic Fellow, Einstein Forum, Potsdam, Germany

The First Memorials: Monuments to Red Army Soldiers in Transnational Perspective, 1939-1953

 

 

1:30 PM – LUNCH (Dining hall)

 

 

2:30 PM

PANEL 9: RESISTANCE AND COLLABORATION IN THE OCCUPIED REGIONS OF THE SOVIET UNION (Room 311)

 

Moderator: Masha Cerovic

Deputy Director, Franco-Russian Research Center, Moscow

Boris Kovalev

Leading Research Fellow, St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg

Kind and Evil Invaders: Local Population’s Contacts with Germans and Their Allies in Russia’s North-Western Region

 

Nathalie Moine

Research Fellow, National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS), Paris, France

Soviet Doctors Facing Liberation: Eyewitnesses, Experts and Collaborators

 

Vladimir Solonari

Associate Professor, Department of History, University of Central Florida, USA

Traitors into Heroes: Towards a History of “Partisan Glory” in Odessa Region of Ukraine

 

 

2:30 PM

PANEL 10: RESOVIETIZATION OF THE BALTIC REGION (Room 309)

 

Moderator: Irina Savelieva

Professor, School of History, Director of Poletayev Institute for Theoretical and Historical Studies in the Humanities, NRU HSE, Moscow

 

Rüdiger Ritter

Postdoctoral Researcher, Institute for East-European Studies, Free University, Berlin, Germany

Liberation or Reoccupation? Lithuania in 1944-1950 from the Perspective of Recent Research

 

Ilze Jermacāne

Project Coordinator and Researcher, Baltic Center for Strategic Studies, Latvian Academy of Sciences, Riga

Red Army in Latvia in 1944-1945 from the Perspective of Oral History

 

Kaspars Zellis

Research Fellow, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga

War after the War: Postwar Anti-Soviet Resistance in Latvian Historiography and Social Memory

 

 

4:00 PM         -           COFFEE BREAK (Room 300)

 

 

 

 

 

 

4:30 PM

PANEL 11: THE PRACTICES OF SOVIET OCCUPATION: MATERIAL ASPECTS (Room 311)

 

Moderator: Kristy Ironside

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

 

Brandon Schechter

Ph.D. Candidate, Department of History, University of California, Berkeley, USA

The Red Army Confronts an Alien World of Goods

 

Irina Tazhidinova

Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Kuban State University, Krasnodar

“Trophy fever” in Accounts of Soviet Combatants

 

Kornelia Kończal

Doctoral Student, Department of History and Civilization, European University Institute, Florence, Italy

“The Land Is Yours – the Trophies Are Ours”: The Soviet Plundering of German Property in Post-War Central Europe

 

Sophie Coeuré

Professor of Contemporary History, University Paris 7 Denis Diderot, France

Who Is the Plunderer, Who Is the Ally? In Quest of Looted Cultural Properties in Eastern Europe, 1945-1949

 

 

 

 

THURSDAY, JUNE 4 (parallel sessions)

 

 

10:00 AM

PANEL 12: POLAND’S TRANSITION FROM WAR TO PEACE (Room 311)

 

Moderator: Jan Gross

Professor of History, Princeton University

 

Jadwiga Biskupska

Assistant Professor, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, USA

The Nazi Anti-Intelligentsia Campaign in Warsaw and Its Aftermath, 1939-1945

 

Kerstin Bischl

Ph.D. Candidate, Department of History, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany

No Peace after the End of War: Poland in 1944-1946

 

Tarik Cyril Amar,

Assistant Professor, Department of History, Columbia University, USA

“Stakes Greater than Life”: Representations of World War II, Occupation, and “Liberation” in Communist Poland’s Most Successful TV Series

 

10:00 AM

PANEL 13: CONFLICTING PERSPECTIVES ON THE WAR AND SOVIET VICTORY (Room 309)

 

Moderator: Liudmila Novikova

Deputy Director of the International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, Associate Professor, School of History, NRU HSE, Moscow

 

Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann

Associate Professor of History, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Berlin Encounters: 1945 through Diaries

 

Irina Alter

Fellow Editor for the Project “Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon” at Walter de Gruyter Verlag, Berlin, Germany

Dresden, 1945: Ragna Enking and Leionid Rabinovich (Two Witness Accounts)

 

Liubov Summ

Translator, Literary Scholar, Moscow

Hitler’s Death: Accounts by Elena Rzhevskaia and Kete Hoiserman

 

 

11:30   AM     -           COFFEE BREAK (Room 300)

 

 

12:00 NOON

PANEL 14: BETWEEN THE HOLOCAUST AND POGROM: SOVIET JEWISH

CULTURE, 1945-1948 (Room 311)

 

Moderator: Maria Maiofis

Associate Professor and Research Fellow, School for Humanities Research, Russian State Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow

 

Mikhail Krutikov

Professor, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures and Frankel Center for Judaic Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA

Between Tragedy and Hope: Renaissance of Soviet Yiddish Literature, 1945-1948

 

Anna Shternshis

Al and Malka Green Associate Professor in Yiddish Studies, University of Toronto, Canada

 “Mir shisn di fashistn”: Soviet Yiddish Songs of Love, Collaboration and Resistance, 1943 – 1947

 

Valérie Pozner

Research Fellow, National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), Paris, France

Oswiecim and the Film “Osventsim”: What Could and Should Not Soviet Citizens Know about the Holocaust in 1945

 

 

 

 

 

12:00 NOON

PANEL 15: CAPTIVITY AND REPATRIATION (Room 309)

 

Moderator: Sergei Kudryashov

Research Fellow, German Historical Institute in Moscow

 

Dietrich Beyrau

Professor Emeritus of East European History, University of Tübingen, Germany

Surviving Military Defeat and Moral Disaster: German POWs in the Soviet Union

 

Seth Bernstein

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

Return to the Motherland: Soviet Repatriation in 1945

 

Artem Latyshev

Graduate Student, Faculty of  History, Lomonosov Moscow State University

NKVD-MVS Filtration Camps: Structures and Political Practices, 1945-1949

 

 

 

1:30 PM         -           LUNCH (Dining hall)

 

 

2:30 PM        

PODIUM DISCUSSION: NINETEEN FORTY-FIVE AND ITS AFTERMATH:

A CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE (Room 311)

 

Moderator: Vera Dubina

Associate Professor of History, Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences, Project Coordinator in History and Civil Society, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Moscow, Russia

 

Dietrich Beyrau

Professor Emeritus of East European History, University of Tübingen, Germany

 

Oleg Budnitskii

Professor, School of History, Director of the International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

 

Michael David-Fox

Professor of Russian History, Georgetown University, USA,

Scholarly Advisor, International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, NRU HSE, Moscow

 

Egbert Jahn

Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Contemporary History, University of Mannheim, Germany