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Address: 11 Pokrovsky Bulvar, Pokrovka Complex, room N404
SPIN-RSCI: 9597-3180
ORCID: 0000-0002-6383-9562
ResearcherID: B-9217-2014
Scopus AuthorID: 57214225007
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A. Surinov
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Ludmila Anatolyevna Kitrar

  • Ludmila Anatolyevna Kitrar has been at HSE University since 2009.

Education and Degrees

  • 1990

    Candidate of Sciences* (PhD) in Mathematical and Instrumental Methods in Economics

  • 1986

    Moscow Institute of Economics and Statistics

  • Degree
    Moscow Institute of Economics and Statistics

  • Doctoral programme
    Moscow Institute of Economics and Statistics

* Candidate of Sciences
According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, Candidate of Sciences belongs to ISCED level 8 - "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar. Candidate of Sciences allows its holders to reach the level of the Associate Professor.

Professional interests

  • Indicator approach to measuring sectoral and macroeconomic dynamics, business tendency monitoring
  • Methods of quantification, analysis and visualization of nonparametric statistics
  • Composite indicators of a cyclical nature
  • Modern theories of rational expectations and business cycles in the practice of business tendency monitoring
  • Econometric methods of decomposition of unobservable variables in economic dynamics: potential output, output gaps, total factor productivity, long-term trends and growth cycles
  • Sectoral and regional comparative analysis of economic sentiment, business climate, digital activity and inequality, entrepreneurial expectations
  • Vector auto regression models, dynamic factor models, impulse response functions, statistical filtering, etc. in the practice of business tendency monitoring
  • International recommendations, standards, classifications, databases, ratings, national practices on industrial statistics and competitiveness
  • Indicators, data sets and statistical analysis of industrial policy efficiency and business climate, taking into account the different technological levels and R&D intensity of manufacturing, the convergence of economic growth and the cooperation of countries (BRICS, EEU, CIS)


  • Gratitude from the Higher School of Economics "For a great contribution to the development of the methodology and analysis of the results of business climate surveys and their implementation in practice," 2017
  • Medal "For Services in conducting All-Russia population census (2010)"
  • Rank "Counselor of Public Service 3hd rank"
  • UNIDO international expert

Courses (2023/2024)

Courses (2022/2023)

Courses (2021/2022)

Analysis of Business Cycles and Expectations (Master’s programme; Faculty of Economic Sciences; field of study "38.04.01. Экономика", field of study "38.04.01. Экономика"; 1 year, 1 module)Rus

Courses (2020/2021)

Analysis of business cycles and expectations (Master’s programme; Faculty of Economic Sciences; 1 year, 1, 3 module)Rus


Research projects

  • Preparation of technical tasks, reports on scientific research in the framework of the HSE Basic Research Program; creation and updating of methodological support for business tendency monitoring:
    • Monitoring of the business climate, economic sentiment and digital activity in the Russian economy, 2019
    • Monitoring of economic sentiment of enterprises and organizations of various economic activities,  2018
    • Monitoring of business tendencies and economic uncertainty in Russia, 2017
    • Monitoring of economic behavior and business tendencies in Russia, 2016
    • Monitoring of business tendency and entrepreneurial behavior in sectors of Russian economy, 2015
    • Business tendency monitoring in the real economy and services, 2014
    • Business tendencies monitoring in the real economy and services, 2013
    • Monitoring the Business Climate for Enterprises in the Real Sector and the Service Sector, 2012
    • Monitoring of Business Climate in Real Sector and Service Organizations, 2011
    • Business climate monitoring in real sector and services organizations, 2010
    • Development of methodology and monitoring the organization of enterprise business activity, 2009
  • "Foresight-study of the future of foreign trade  statistics in the context of global digitalization, 2019
  • An expertise of the current system of statistical observation for the industry and developing proposals for its improvement (Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation), 2015-2016
  • Improvement of industrial statistics and development of indicators of industrial performance for policy-relevant analysis in CIS countries (UNIDO project), 2015-2017
  • Formation of the monitoring system for markets of engineering and industrial design services (Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation), 2014-2016
  • Federal "Barometer of entrepreneurial sentiments" jointly with “Delovaya Rossiya (Business Russia)”, 2013-2015
  • Strategy of socio-economic development of Moscow up to 2025 (development of basic materials), 2012
  • Research project “Methodological, information and analytical support for the development of high-tech production of innovative software and hardware systems for efficient management of enterprises and economic sectors of modern Russia” jointly with "Avicomp Services", 2011
  • Research project “Hardware and software complex for efficient management of enterprises and economic sectors”, section "Assessment of enterprises and industries through a comprehensive system of qualitative indicators” jointly with "Avicomp Services", 2010
  • Development of methodology of business tendency surveys in real sector and services within the framework of joint projects of Eurostat (TACIS), OECD and the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation (Statistics 2, 3, 5) and implementation the surveys in statistical practice in Russia:
  • the system of business tendency surveys in services sector of the Russian economy, 2002-2004
  • the system of business tendency surveys in real sector of the Russian economy, 2000-2002
  • the study of shadow economy on the basis of business tendency surveys results, 1999
  • the system of business tendency surveys in the Russian economy, 1998-2000

Employment history

Since 2009

Leading Research Fellow, Deputy Head, Center for Business Tendency Studies, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, Higher School of Economics

2005 - 2013

Deputy Head, Agency in Russia

1993 - 2005

Head of Division, Deputy Head of Department, Center for Economic Analyses at the Government of the Russian Federation (from 2003 - Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation)

1992 - 1993

Chief Specialist, Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation, Department of statistical methodology

Conferences and workshops

  • Analytics for Management and Economics Conference,  Digital Event, 27 October 2021 - Track: Entrepreneurship in Times of Uncertainty, presentation "Measuring economic growth prospects amid uncertainty based on entrepreneurial opinions"
  •  35th CIRET/KOF/PUEB conference 'Economic Tendency Surveys and Economic Policy', September 15-18, 2021, Poznan, presentation 'Economic sentiment and GDP growth in Russia in light of the Covid-19 crisis'
  • CIRET/KOF/OECD/INSEE workshop ”The use of economic tendency surveys to assess potential growth and the position of economies in the business cycle", November 13-14, 2019, Boulogne-Billancourt, France; poster  «Business Climate Indicator in manufacturing, medium- and high-tech industries in Russia”
  • 9th Joint EC-OECD Workshop on Recent Developments in Business and Consumer Surveys (14-15 November 2019, OECD Boulogne-Billancourt, France;  presentation «The digital activity of Russian enterprises: the first results of pilot surveys»
  • CIRET/KOF/FGV-IBRE conference "The use of Big Data in Economic Cycle Statistics and Research", 12-15 September 2018, Rio-de-Janeiro, Brazil; presentation "Information content of the Russian Services Surveys"
  • CIRET/ KOF/WIFO workshop “Economic tendency surveys and financing conditions”, October, 13-14, 2017, Vienne, Austria, poster «Recent crisis in Russia: entrepreneurial sentiment and economic growth»
  • UNIDO/Rosstat  regional seminar on Industrial statistics for evidence-based policy-making, May 26-26, 2017, Sochi, Russia, presntations "Statistical data sources and methods of analysis of industrial performance", "Use of statistical methods for policy relevant analysis of industrial production in CIS countries"
  • UNIDO regional workshop "Statistical analyses of industrial development general trends in the CIS countries", September 22-23, 2016, Moscow, presentation "Strategy and trends of industrial development in Russia and the CIS countries: are there conditions for increasing the integration potential of reindustrialization?" - part I и part II
  • CIRET conference «Economic Tendency Surveys and Economic Policy»,  September 14-17, 2016, Copenhagen, Denmark, presentation “Clustering entrepreneurial assessments of small retail business development in Russia”
  • UNIDO Seminar on industrial statistics and analysis of development trends and competitiveness of CIS countries, December 16-18, 2015, Vienne, Austria, presentations:
    • The main vectors and efficiency of cross-border development on the industrial and economic space of the CIS: Convergence, capacity, cross-country gaps
    • Cross-subsectoral characteristics of manufacturing capacity in the CIS: structural changes, intensity and quality of industrialization, interaction
    • Assessment of industrial "road maps" in the CIS: the aspects of modernization, diversification, labor intensity and greening
  • 7th Joint EC/OECD Workshop on Recent developments in Business and Consumer Surveys, November,30 – December, 1, 2015, Paris, France, presentation «Are indicators of business tendency survey useful to measure cyclical development of the Russian economy?»
  • CIRET/KOF/RIED WSE Workshop on Economic Cycles and Uncertainty, October, 9-10, 2015, Warsaw, Poland, poster «Capabilities of business tendency surveys results to measure short-term cycles in the Russian economy»
  • UNIDO workshop "Improvement of industrial statistics and development of indicators of industrial performance for policy-relevant analysis in CIS countries", March, 16-17, 2015, Vienne, Austria, presentation: “Strategy and trends of industrial development in Russia and CIS countries: are there conditions for increasing re-industrialization capacity?”
  • Workshop on the Harmonisation of the BRICS's Tendency Surveys, Zurich, October 3-5, 2013
  • CIRET/KOF/HSE Workshop on National Business Cycles in the Global World, Moscow, September 16-17, 2011
  • Third International Seminar on Early Warning and Business Cycle Indicators, Moscow, November 17-19, 2010

Timetable for today

Full timetable

The Results of a Study of Russian Entrepreneurs’ Digital Activity Were Discussed at a Joint EC/OECD Workshop

Experts from the ISSEK Centre for Business Tendencies Studies (CBTS) presented the results of a pilot project to measure digital activity of Russian industrial and retail companies at the 9th Joint EC/OECD Workshop (14-15 November 2019, Paris, France).

Business Cycles in the Russian Service Sector

On 11–14 September 2018 the 34th CIRET (Centre for International Research on Economic Tendency Surveys) conference took place in Rio de Janeiro, where Tamara Lipkind, Leading Expert at the HSE ISSEK Centre for Business Tendencies Studies presented a report on business cycles in the Russian service sector.

UNIDO Report on CIS Countries’ Industrial Statistics is Published, Prepared With Participation of HSE ISSEK Experts

Organisers and participants of the UNIDO project “Improving Industrial Statistics, and Developing Statistical Indicators for Analysing Industry Development in the CIS countries” discussed results of the project’s analytical component at a workshop in Sochi. An important contribution to the project was made by Liudmila Kitrar, UNIDO Consultant and Deputy Director of the HSE ISSEK Centre for Business Tendencies Studies (CBTS), and the CBTS staff.

ISSEK Experts Took Part in Improving the CIS Countries’ Industrial Statistics in the Scope of the UNIDO Project

Preprint “Industrial Development in the CIS: Re-industrialisation Trends and Potential” is published at the UNIDO official website. The publication presents statistical analysis of the scale and trends of manufacturing industry development in Russia and the CIS countries, focusing on efficiency of integration processes, quality of industrial policy, and strengthening competitiveness.