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A. Korotayev
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Leonid Efimovich Grinin

  • Chief Research Fellow, Leading Research Fellow:Faculty of Social Sciences / Laboratory for Monitoring the Risks of Socio-Political Destabilization
  • Leonid Efimovich Grinin has been at HSE University since 2014.

Education, Degrees and Academic Titles

  • 2011
    Acting Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences
  • 2010
    Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences
  • 2002

    Doctor of Sciences*
    Bauman Moscow State Technical University

  • 1997

    Candidate of Sciences* (PhD)

  • 1980

    Degree in History
    Serafimovich Volgograd State Teacher Training Institute

* Candidate of Sciences
According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, Candidate of Sciences belongs to ISCED level 8 - "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar. Candidate of Sciences allows its holders to reach the level of the Associate Professor.
* Doctor of Sciences
A post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates in ISCED 2011.

Editorial board membership

  • 2010: Editor-in-chief, Journal of Globalization Studies.

  • 2008: Deputy Editor-in-chief, Век глобализации.

  • 2008: Deputy Editor-in-chief, Историческая психология и социология истории.

  • 2005: Deputy Editor-in-chief, История и современность.

  • 2002: Editor-in-chief, Social Evolution & History.

  • 1997: Deputy Editor-in-chief, Философия и общество.


  • 2019
    Международная научно-практическая конференция "Арригиевские чтения" (Орел). Presentation: Семь слабостей Америки в эпоху Дональда Трампа
  • Международная научно-практическая конференция "Арригиевские чтения" (Орел). Presentation: Долгосрочная динамика изменения темпов технологического роста и шестой технологический уклад
  • Международная научно-практическая конференция "Арригиевские чтения" (Орел). Presentation: Кондратьевские волны и некоторые прогнозы на XXI столетие
  • XX Апрельская международная научная конференция по проблемам развития экономики и общества (Москва). Presentation: Шестой технологический уклад, его предполагаемые лидеры и риски социально-политической дестабилизации в мир-системе

















Article Grinin L. E. Democracy and Early State. // Social Evolution & History. 2004. Vol. 3. No. 2. P. 93-149.


Article Grinin L. E. The Early State and its Analogues. // Social Evolution & History. 2003. Vol. 2. No. 1. P. 131-176.


Article Bondarenko D. M., Grinin L. E., Korotayev A. Alternative Pathways of Social Evolution. // Social Evolution & History. 2002. Vol. 1. No. 1. P. 54-79.

Employment history

Leonid E. Grinin is a Russian, political anthropologist, sociologist, philosopher of history, economist, and a scholar of historical trends and future studies. He has PhD and is Senior Research Professor at the Institute for Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow and serves as Deputy Director of the Eurasian Center for Big History & System Forecasting (Russian Academy of Sciences). He is also Research Professor and Director of the Volgograd Center for Social Research. He is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Age of Globalization (in Russian), co-editor of the international journals Social Evolution & History and the Journal of Globalization Studies, as well as co-editor of the international almanacs Evolution, History and Mathematics, and Kondratieff Waves.

Grinin`s academic interests lie in the sphere of global technological trends, social laws, social evolution, driving forces of historical development, cyclical trends and patterns, the theory of historical process, evolution of statehood. Grinin`s academic research in the field of Global Studies and futurology is connected with the analysis of modern problem of globalization and modernization, forecasts of the world political and social-economic development, current global crisis, economic cycles of different duration and their modeling, information-scientific revolution and its influence on global processes, history of globalization, comparison of global processes in nature and society.

Dr. Grinin is the author of more than 360 scholarly publications in Russian and English, including 25 monographs. These monographs include Philosophy, Sociology, and the Theory of History (4th ed. Volgograd: Uchitel, 2007, in Russian); Productive Forces and Historical Process (3rd ed. Мoscow: KomKniga, 2006, in Russian); State and Historical Process (3 vols. 2nd ed. Moscow: KomKniga, 2009–2010, in Russian); Social Macroevolution: World System Transformations (Moscow: LIBROKOM, 2009, in Russian; with Andrey Korotayev); Macroevolution in Biological and Social Systems (Мoscow: LKI/URSS, 2008, in Russian; with Alexander V. Markov and Andrey V. Korotayev); Global Crisis in Retrospective: A Brief History of Upswings and Crises (Moscow: LIBROKOM, 2010, in Russian; with Andrey Korotayev); The Evolution of Statehood: From Early State to Global Society (Saarbrücken: Lambert Academic Publishing, 2011). The latest monographs are: From Confucius to Comte: The Formation of the Theory, Methodology and Philosophy of History (2012, in Russian); Macrohistory and Globalization (2012); Cycles, Crises, and Traps of the Modern World-System (2012, in Russian, with Andrey Korotayev); From Biface to Nanorobots: The World on the Way to the Epoch of Self-Organizing Systems (The History of Technologies and Description of their future) (in print).