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Leonid Kosals

  • Tenured Professor (2011)
  • Leonid Kosals has been at HSE University since 2004.

Education and Degrees

  • 1999

    Doctor of Sciences* in Economics
    Institute for Socio-Economic Studies of Population, Russian Academy of Sciences
    Thesis Title: Social mechanism of economic innovations in the post-soviet Russia

  • 1986

    Candidate of Sciences* (PhD) in Economics
    Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences
    Thesis Title: Socio-economic factors and outcomes of innovation

  • 1980

    Degree in Economic cybernetics
    Novosibirsk State University, Economics

* Candidate of Sciences
According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, Candidate of Sciences belongs to ISCED level 8 - "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar. Candidate of Sciences allows its holders to reach the level of the Associate Professor.
* Doctor of Sciences
A post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates in ISCED 2011.

Research interests

  1. Social change, transformation of societies: comparative analysis;
  2. Clan capitalism in Russia and other countries;
  3. Shadow economy, organized crime, corruption (including that in law enforcement agencies);
  4. Methodology of social research
  5. Socioeconomic issues of post-Soviet military-industrial complex;
  6. Innovation and its economic and sociopolitical obstacles.

There were carried out interdisciplinary studies combining research in sociology, political science and economics. Over the period of twenty years it has been completed more than 60 large-scale research projects on model of capitalism in Russia, problems of criminal control, corruption and shadow economy, motivation of labor, labor-management relations, social factors of the post-Cold War restructuring of the Russian military-industrial complex, social machinery for innovation, social problems of transformation in the R&D sector, construction, agriculture, social services. Many of these studies were carried out in cooperation with European, Japanese and US scholars, and their results were published in English and in other languages.

Awards and Accomplishments

Courses (2022/2023)

Courses (2021/2022)

Courses (2020/2021)

Courses (2019/2020)

Courses (2018/2019)

Courses (2017/2018)

Sociology (Bachelor’s programme; Faculty of Law; 1 year, 1, 2 module)Rus


  1. Comparing Societies in transformation: Trajectories and Systems, Higher School of Economics
  2. Research seminar for the MA students, Higher School of Economics
  3. Public Sector and Market System in the Post-Soviet Russia (now is the part of “Comparing Societies in Transformation), Higher School of Economics
  4. Social Research, Higher School of Economics
  5. Economic Sociology, Novosibirsk State University
  6. Teaching-research Project “Economic Morality and Trust in Old and New Market Economies”

Editorial board membership

2005: Member of the Editorial Council, The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies (The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies ).




Article Косалс Л. Я., Изюмов А. И. Внешняя и внутренняя коррупция в организациях - типология и взаимосвязь (на примере полиции) // Вопросы теоретической экономики. 2021. № 4. С. 79-91. doi



Chapter Косалс Л. Я. Взаимодействие полиции и населения: К постановке проблемы формирования новой полицейской культуры в России (по материалам сравнительного социологического исследования сотрудников полициив России, Казахстане, Латвии и Болгарии) // В кн.: Право и безопасность: Проблемы регионального управления и правоприменительной практики. Вологда : Северо-Западный институт (филиал) Университета им. О.Е.Кутафина, 2017.


Article Aymaliev I., Kosals L. Applying Australia’s Experience to Russia’s Anti-Corruption Policies in the Police: An Event Structure Analysis of an Australian Corrupt Network // Мир России: Социология, этнология. 2016. Vol. 25. No. 2. P. 98-122.



Article Косалс Л. Я., Белянин А. В., Бобкова Н. В., Эгберт Х. Экспериментальные методы исследования коррупции в экономических и социологических науках // Экономическая социология. 2014. Т. 15. № 1. С. 61-88.





Article Wilson D., Kolennikova O., Kosals L., Ryvkina R., Simagin Y. The ‘economic activities’ of Russian police // International Journal of Police Science & Management. 2008. Vol. 10. No. 1. P. 65-75.



Preprint Косалс Л. Я. Дисфункциональные рынки в условиях российской трансформации (на примере рынка милицейских услуг) / Высшая школа экономики. Серия WP4 "Социология рынков". 2005. № 02.




Now there are three research projects under way:

  1. Comparative survey-based study of economic corruption of the law enforcement officers in a several transformation and developing countries (Russia, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan and Tanzania). This study is an extension of an earlier research done in Russia and funded by the Soros Foundation.
  2. Broad comparative analysis of the newly emerged Russian socioeconomic system entitled “Clan capitalism in Russia and its elements in other transition countries”.
  3. “Labor-management relations and business strategies at industrial enterprises: Comparing Russia and China” is being developed in cooperation with Japanese, Chinese and US scholars and based on longitudinal surveys of managers and blue collar workers in Russia and China.

Studies were resulted in near 170 publications, including academic papers, papers presented to policy-making bodies and articles in general press.

Employment history

  • 11.2004 – current period Professor, Department of Economic Sociology, State University- Higher School of Economics, Moscow
  • 09.2005–06.2006 Visiting Professor, Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
  • 05.1994–11.2004 Senior Research Fellow, the Laboratory of Economic Sociology, Institute of Population Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
  • 01.1991-05.1994 Senior Research Fellow, the Department for the Expert's Surveys, Russian Center for Public Opinion Research; Senior Research Fellow at the International Centre for Research into Economic Transformation, Moscow
  • 09.1990-01.1991 Leading Researcher, the State Research Firm “Intellectual Technology”, Moscow
  • 09.1985-06.1990 Assistance Professor, Professor, Economic Faculty, Department of Sociology, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk
  • 12.1985-09.1990 Researcher, the Laboratory for Methodology of Social Studies, Department of Sociology Institute of Economy and Industrial Engineering, USSR Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch,Novosibirsk
  • 11.1982-12.1985 Doctorate, Institute of Economy and Industrial Engineering, USSR Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk
  • 12.1979-11.1982 Researcher at the Sociological Laboratory, Novosibirsk School of Social Studies, Novosibirsk

Timetable for today

Full timetable

Incompatible Alternatives: HSE Researchers on the Ambivalence of Power in the Twenty-first Century Economy

Ambivalence and a combination of contradictory principles are vividly manifested in the actions of government, its individual agents and institutions, as well as the everyday practices of economic subjects and citizens. The participants of the HSE Laboratory for Studies in Economic Sociology seminar discussed the book The Ambivalence of Power in the Twenty-First Century Economy: Cases from Russia and Beyond, recently published in the UK. Prepared by researchers from HSE University and foreign universities, the book focuses on the study of ambivalence in Russia and beyond.

Discussing ‘The Chair’ in the Context of Contemporary University Problems

At the end of December 2021, the Laboratory for Studies in Economic Sociology (LSES) at HSE University held its traditional Christmas Cinema Seminar entitled ‘Where are universities going?’ Participants discussed ‘The Chair’, a TV series created by David Benioff and Daniel Brett Weiss, authors of ‘Game of Thrones’. 2021 marked the 20th anniversary of the Christmas seminar, which LSES has held to discuss hot-button issues after watching famous Russian and foreign films.

HSE University Researchers Investigate Why Many Russians Oppose Vaccination

Despite the risks associated with COVID-19 infection, many Russians either refuse to get vaccinated or are uncertain and hesitant about the practice. The factors behind these views are the subject of research by Yana Roshchina, Leading Research Fellow of the HSE University Centre for Longitudinal Studies and Senior Research Fellow of the Laboratory for Studies in Economic Sociology (LSES); Sergey Roshchin, Head of the Laboratory for Labour Market Studies (LLMS) and HSE University Vice Rector; and Ksenia Rozhkova, Junior Research Fellow at LLMS. The results of the study were presented at an LSES seminar.

Changing Europe Summer School: the Advantages of Interdisciplinary Approach

The 7th International ‘Changing Europe’ Summer School took place at the start of August in Moscow. The event was organized by the Higher School of Economics and the University of Bremen Research Centre for East European Studies.

‘The Expansion of The University Sets Some New Limitations And New Development Tasks’

On November 25th the Academic Council of the Higher School of Economics summarized the university’s work over the last year.

‘Changing Europe’ In Moscow

From August 1st – 5th, an international Summer School on East-European studies took place at the Higher School of Economics. This time, participants discussed the influence of the global economic crisis on the politics and economies of Central and Eastern European countries.