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SPIN-RSCI: 4251-1932
ORCID: 0000-0001-6568-8318
ResearcherID: C-8545-2014
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L. Gokhberg
Стеценко А. В.
Дорина А. Л. (assistant on administrative matters)
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Georgy Safonov

  • Georgy Safonov has been at HSE University since 2004.

Education and Degrees

  • 2001

    Candidate of Sciences* (PhD) in Economics and National Economy Management
    Lomonosov Moscow State University
    Thesis Title: Environmental and economic analysis of market-based mechanisms for greenhouse gas emission reduction in Russia

  • 1996

    HSE University

* Candidate of Sciences
According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, Candidate of Sciences belongs to ISCED level 8 - "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar. Candidate of Sciences allows its holders to reach the level of the Associate Professor.

Continuing education / Professional retraining / Internships / Study abroad experience

July 2014 Global Environmental Facility (GEF): Evaluation of the GEF project portfolio, environmental legal framework assessment, progress to impact analysis, in-depth review of environmental projects in the key GEF focal areas (biodiversity, climate change, land degradation, ODS, POPs, international waters), creation and maintenance of the on-line stakeholder engagement platform, liaising with GEF agencies and partner organizations - UNEP, UNDP, UNIDO, WB, IFC, etc. (Moscow, Russia)

Jan 2014 International Energy Agency/UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN): The low carbon technological solutions for climate change mitigation and deep decarbonization pathways for major economies (Paris, France)

Sept 2012 USAID: Strengthening administration and organizational capacity of the organization, modern communication technologies, cloud organization, promotion of the organization through Internet, effective management decision making, developing and implementing fundraising activities (Moscow, Russia)

June 2002 US EPA: Health Risk Assessment and Environmental Management (Kiev, Ukraine)

April 2000 OECD/World Bank: Economic Valuation of Environmental Degradation and Benefits of Environmental Measures in the New Independent States (Moscow, Russia)

January 1999 University of California: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Training Program (Riverside, USA)

April-June 1998 European Commission/Tinbergen Institute/Erasmus University: The environmental and natural resource economics research training program (The Netherlands)

October 1996 World Bank: The advanced training program for environmental economists (Moscow, Russia)

Professional interests

Environmental economics

Sustainable development

Low carbon development

Decarbonization of the economy

Health risk assessment and management

Environmental policy

Market based mechanisms for environmental management

Carbon market

Carbon pricing

Energy economics

Economy-energy-environment modeling

Honor achievements

The medal "For development of environmental education" honored in June 2016

Membership in scientific societies

International Society of Ecological Economics (ISEE)

Russian Society of Ecological Economics (RSEE)

Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (AERE)



  • Climate change and mechanisms of Kyoto Protocol in Russia, A.Averchenkova and A.Golub eds., Moscow, Higher School of Economics, 2005.
  • E.B. Strukova, V.N. Sidorenko, S.N. Bobylev, A.A. Golub, G.V. Safonov, S.L. Avaliani, "Macroeconomic Assessment Of Environment-Related Human Health Damage Cost For Russia", The World Bank, 2000.

Presentations and speeches at the international conferences and workshops

COP25 Side Event: NDCs, the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals: Tracking progress and finding synergies, 11 декабря 2019, 12:30-14:00, EU Pavilion, Room Brussels, IFEMA Madrid;

Connecting SDGs, Long-term Strategies, Multilateralism and Global Leadership, 12 декабря 2019, 9:00-10:30, EU Pavilion, Room Helsinki, the side event of Joint Research Centre (JCR) of the European Commission and the National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation (NCSC) of China;

Moving from Commitment to Action: Combining Mitigation and Development Objectives, 13 декабря 2019, 11:30-13:00, UNFCCC, Room 5


Linking Climate and Development Policies - Leveraging International Networks and Knowledge Sharing (CD-LINKS), EU funded project, Horizon 2020 Program

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP). The project was initiated in 2013 by the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon and supported by the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network. It aims at the economic modeling of decarbonization (deep reduction of greenhouse gas emissions) in the 16 largest countries of the world, including USA, China, Russia, Japan, Germany, France, India, etc. The project findings have been presented at the UN Climate Summit in 2014, and the UNFCCC COP21 in Paris. Prof. Jeffry Sachs is a coordinator of this project from UNSDSN, and the French Institute IDDRI (Paris) is facilitating the project. Project link: www.deepdecarbonization.org 

Employment history

2004 - now - HSE, Director, Center for Environmental and Natural Resource Economics 

1999-2003 - Center for Environmental Investments, senior specialist

1997-1998 - Eurasia Foundation, EERC Program, Administrator of scientific grants program

1996 - Institute of Transitional Economy (Gaidar's Institute)

Timetable for today

Full timetable

Russia Scraps Plans to Set Climate-Change Goals for Businesses


Ryssland lever av kol, gas och olja – och vill inte offra dem för att stoppa klimatförändringen

What’s holding Russia back from ratifying the Paris climate agreement?

Russland: Klimaschutz in kleinen Schritten

Der niedrige Ölpreis und die Sanktionen setzen Russlands Wirtschaft zu. Verschärfen dürfte sich die Lage des Ölexporteurs durch den weltweiten Boom der Ökoenergien, zeigen neue Studien. Dabei wächst durchaus das Bewusstsein, dass fürs Klima etwas getan werden muss. Doch Unternehmen rebellieren.

The Paris Climate Agreement: Challenges for Decarbonization in the World-Leading Economies

Changing Climate: What The Paris Accord Means For Russia

In December 2015, nearly 200 countries reached a historic agreement in Paris to limit greenhouse gas emissions in hopes of curbing global warming. Law360's Expert Analysis special series looks at the impact the agreement will have on policies in various regions and countries. Dr. George Safonov from Higher School of Economics (Russia) provides his view of Russia's climate policy.

For Russian Farmers, Climate Change Is Nyet So Great

Интервью с Георгием Сафоновым корреспонденту NPR о влиянии климатических изменений на экономику России

National Public Radio

Should Russia do more about climate change?

Russia's position at the UNFCCC COP21, leading to adoption of the Paris Climate Agreement, commented by experts from HSE and other think tanks.

Russia's Forests Overlooked in Climate Change Fight

Scientific American

More about the Paris Climate Agreement and What Does It Mean for Russia

On December 18, 2015, the conference dedicated to the outcomes of negotiations and prospects for Russia in connection with the new Paris Climate Agreement took place in Moscow with participation of HSE, WWF-Russia, Russian Social and Ecological Union (RSEU), Russian-German Bureau of Ecological Information.

Understanding Russia's approach to climate change and global warming

According to experts, climate change is occurring in Russia much faster than globally on average. This might potentially have a significant impact on the country’s energy sector. What is the Kremlin doing to address the issue? Find out in the new RD report.

Russia Direct

Russia moves on ‘emissions’

Russia is preparing the ground for future regulation of carbon emissions, amid calls to wean the economy off its heavy dependence on polluting fossil fuels.

Russia lays foundations for carbon regulation amid calls for action

The report on Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project, with participation of Russian research team from HSE and RANEPA, provided sound scientific arguments for the ambitious goals of leading countries in the Paris Climate Agreement, netogiated at the UNFCCC COP21 in Paris.


Parliament to Play Key Role in Reaching Climate Change Goals, Say Paris Climate Conference Participants

On October 12, 2015 the officials and experts from Kazakhstan and the EU discussed Kazakhstan’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) for the Paris Climate Change Conference and developed recommendations for the country on reaching its goals

Russia's forests overlooked in climate change fight

Russia's forests may lose their power to help curb global warming without stronger domestic protection and a place in a new global climate change deal, scientists have warned. George Safonov (HSE) and Alexey Kokorin (WWF Russia) provided their views to Reuters.


DDPP Presents at COP20 in Lima

On December 10, the SDSN along with partners World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD), International Energy Agency (IEA) and French Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI), organized a side-event on its Low-Carbon Technology Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) initiative. George Safonov from HSE made one of the key presentations at this event.

COP 20 Event Reviews Russian Climate Policies, Progress and Prospects

Organized by the Russian Federation and Center for Environmental Innovation, the event titled 'Goals and Objectives of the Russian Climate Policy up to 2020 and Prospects for 2030' described the country's goals to: achieve low-carbon sustainable development; implement environmental management systems and ecologically effective technologies; and develop the recycling industry. The event convened on the sidelines of the Lima UNFCCC Climate Change Conference (COP20).

Russia’s top cities wake up to need for climate change adaptation

The Russian largest cities Moscow and St.Peteresburg launched the initiatives on adaptation to climate change. Dr. Safonov from HSE and other experts agree it is time to act now. 


Russia’s silence on climate change helps no one

Russia's perspectives on the climate change negotiations under UNFCCC at the climate summit in Warsaw. With the economic analysis from George Safonov (HSE)

Nachhaltige Entwicklung in Russland

Global commons, domestic decisions: the comparative politics of climate change

Climate change represents a “tragedy of the commons” on a global scale, requiring the cooperation of nations that do not necessarily put the Earth’s well-being above their own national interests. And yet international efforts to address global warming have met with some success; the Kyoto Protocol, in which industrialized countries committed to reducing their collective emissions, took effect in 2005 (although without the participation of the United States). Reversing the lens used by previous scholarship on the topic,  Global Commons, Domestic Decisions  explains international action on climate change from the perspective of countries’ domestic politics. In an effort to understand both what progress has been made and why it has been so limited, experts in comparative politics look at the experience of seven jurisdictions in deciding whether or not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and to pursue national climate change mitigation policies. By analyzing the domestic politics and international positions of the United States, Australia, Russia, China, the European Union, Japan, and Canada, the authors demonstrate clearly that decisions about global policies are often made locally, in the context of electoral and political incentives, the normative commitments of policymakers, and domestic political institutions. Using a common analytical framework throughout, the book offers a unique comparison of the domestic political forces within each nation that affect climate change policy and provides insights into why some countries have been able to adopt innovative and aggressive positions on climate change both domestically and internationally.

Climate Control

How countries respond to weather change

Different Perspectives and Different People in HSE’s ‘Semester in Moscow’ Programme

Adrian Murillo Ramirez-Moreno is from Mexico City and is currently a third-year student at Universidad Anáhuac México where he studies International Relations. Nicholas Viggiano, from New Jersey, USA, is a third-year student at the University of Maryland, where he is pursuing a double degree in Russian and Environmental Science. Both are studying in HSE’s ‘Semester in Moscow’ Programme. The programme not only allows students to study Russian language at any level, but to design their own curriculum—students have their pick of any English-taught courses they choose, regardless of field. Students are accommodated in the HSE dormitories and receive an official transcript upon completion of the semester.

Solving Climate Problems Is Not That Expensive And Even Profitable

Fighting climate change requires close international cooperation, but global politics and short-term economic interests still hinder the execution of a joint plan of action. How can this be overcome? Participants of HSE’s international conference ‘The New Economics of Climate: Prospects for Russia’ tried to answer this question.

1.6 С

is the average temperature increase every ten years since 1976 in Russia’s environmentally vulnerable regions.


is the year that glaciers may disappear from the earth if the average air temperature in the high mountain ranges rises by 8 degrees Celsius and precipitation levels fall by 16%.