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SPIN-RSCI: 4603-4116
ORCID: 0000-0002-1654-1536
ResearcherID: M-1602-2015
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E. Ponarin
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Olga Strebkova

  • Olga Strebkova has been at HSE since 2013.


  • 2012

    Degree in Modern Social Analysis
    Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, St. Petersburg School of Social Sciences and Humanities

  • 2012

    Degree in State and Municipal Administration
    Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration , The Department of State and Municipal Administration

Continuing education / Professional retraining / Internships / Study abroad experience

  • LCSR Summer School "Introduction to Factorial Design and Data Visualization with R": Voronovo, Russia, July 25 – August 3, 2015
  • 2014 Essex Summer School in Social Science Data Analysis, University of Essex, Colchester, UK. "Multilevel Analysis with Applications" "Discrete Choice Models in the Social Sciences", July 25 – August 1, 2014
  • LCSR Summer School «Categorical data analysis»: July 2014

Postgraduate Studies

2nd year of study
Approved topic of thesis: Гендерное разделение труда в домохозяйстве и репродуктивное поведение
Academic Supervisor: Ponarin, Eduard


  • Work on individual and group research projects
  • Participation in (inter)national conferences and workshops, research seminars and summer schools
  • Administrative work


Gender inequality in Arab countries: testing measurement invariance and searching for the sources of noninvariance (2016-2017, O. Strebkova, V. Kostenko, E. Ponarin)

The level of gender inequality in Arab countries is significantly higher then, for instance, in Western countries. Some scholars explain these differences by culture and religiosity, whereas others emphasize institutional structures. During the last decades variety of social, political, and economic processes leads to important changes in public life in Arabs countries, and every country has its own path of development. Contemporary cross-cultural sociological surveys allow measuring the level of gender inequality in different countries, however, compatibility of countries and survey waves becomes an acute issue as the amount of data keeps growing.

The aim of this project is to construct a strong model describing and measuring gender inequality in Arab countries. Using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), we create the model based on four observed items coded as ordered variables on the scale from 0 to 3 and does the consequence of tests to establish measurement invariance of the latent construct that we label “gender egalitarianism”. As a result, we detect only two countries that satisfy the conditions of strong invariance. Additionally, we test several CFA models with multiple covariates to examine the sources of noninvariance.   

The data come from the 1st wave of Arab Barometer, and we use subsample including 5 countries (Lebanon, Algeria, Morocco, Palestine, and Jordan). 


Historical legacies and gender attitudes in the Middle East (2015-2017, V. Kostenko, E. Ponarin, M. Shteiwi, O. Strebkova).

This paper focuses on transformations of gender attitudes in a set of Arab societies covered by the Arab Barometer. We analyze age and cohort differences in thirteen countries using generalized additive modeling (GAM). We argue that stagnation or even retrogression of gender attitudes in some societies may be caused in part by an ideological shift of the 1970s–1980s, from largely secular and socialist-oriented national movements of the 1950s–1960s to the more conservative period often associated with the rise of political Islam. On the other hand, the youngest cohorts in those societies that have always promoted conservative gender attitudes are getting somewhat more liberal, although they remain slightly less gender egalitarian compared to other societies.

We test our assumptions using the example of Yemen that was divided into two parts between 1967 and 1990: the South supported by the Soviet Union and the North influenced by Saudi Arabia and the Western bloc. We trace the support for gender egalitarianism across generations in the two parts of Yemen and show that the secular socialist ideology made a profound imprint on the attitudes of a whole generation and made those who were in their twenties back in the 1960s more egalitarian than the young people these days. The same is true for the other countries of the region that had some socialist experience.


Individual Project. Growing fertility in the most egalitarian European countries: a new trend in ageing Europe (2014-2015)

The persistence of very low level of fertility in many advanced countries has added a new dimension to the development of theory relating to fertility change. Significant changes in reproductive behavior and family relationships are well documented in numerous studies. Due to deep changes in socio-economic and culture life of society traditional model of family has weakened and conventional gender roles became outdated. Interrelation between the dissemination gender equality and fertility is the main subject of the current research. Using Poisson regression modeling the author tested hypothesis about relation between the gender equality index and the number of children. Data for analysis was taken from the European Value Study. The gender equality index was constructed by the author and based on questions about gender attitudes. The main finding of research is a positive relationship between level of gender equality in country and the number of children. In contemporary Europe, traditional social norms get weaker, particularly in the reproductive sphere and in the sphere of family relations. General demographic trends exist in different socio-economic and institutional contexts. However, application of different datasets leads to various outcomes. Results of the research are not reliable and stable yet.


  • 2017
    XVIII Апрельская международная научная конференция по проблемам развития экономики и общества (Москва). Presentation: Gender inequality in Arab countries: testing measurement invariance and looking for the sources of noninvariance
  • 2014
    VIII Всероссийская научная конференции памяти Юрия Левады "Современное российское общество и социология" (Москва). Presentation: Рождаемость в контексте гендерных установок населения
  • VI социологическая межвузовская конференция студентов и аспирантов "Социология в действии" (Санкт-Петербург). Presentation: Факторы рождаемости в европейских странах
  • 4th LCSR International Annual Research Conference "Cultural and Economic Changes under Cross-National Perspective" (St.-Petersburg). Presentation: Growing Fertility in the Most Egalitarian European Countries: a New Trend in Ageing


Timetable for today

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