Methodology: international literature review; analysis of public data in the internet, analysis of federal statistical data and normative legal acts in an education system; sociological quantitative research.
Empirical base of research: data collection in 10 Russian regions, case study of the successful leadership practices in two regions.
Results of research:
We analyzed current foreign and Russian experience in school leadership research. We made a portrait of a typical principal for Russia and for two regions (Moscow and Krasnoyarsk region) based on the statistical data. Also, we studied typical decision-making styles of school principals in two pilot regions and within the group of principals - participants of the professional competition “School Principal”. As the result, we discovered a specific effect of “administrative aberrations” that shows in what extend the principals could ignore their own believes while making decisions. We detected a group of principals who have the biggest reformation potential. This group consisted of the principals that have big experience on this position, are 35 and more, work at large schools (that have more than 19 classes), mainly in gymnasiums and lyceums.
We described best individual practices of principals in Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area, and designed the structure and the content of cases.
In general, the results of the study enabled us to assess the perspectives and limitations of use in Russia of the recognized international experience of school principal studies. In conclusion, we gave recommendations on the principal selection and training system.
The areas of study results implementations:
- Design of similar school executive staff research at the regional and municipal levels;
- Development of professional training courses and seminars for improvement of principal leadership competencies.