• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Psychological mechanisms of formation of cognitive representations

Priority areas of development: humanitarian
2014
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

Research object: human performance on various cognitive tasks.

Research objectives: to investigate psychological structure, functioning and development of human cognitive representations; to develop and to test original research methods allowing for such investigation.

Empirical base of the research: heterogeneous samples of participants recruited in accordance with the aims of the research. The experimental and quasi-experimental methods together with inventories have been used.

Research results. Related to the research objectives, the following results have been obtained. A new factor of perceptual organization of elements in the visual field (segmentability) influencing visual search efficiency has been revealed. Differences in eye movements observed in visual search of word and letters in large letter arrays allowed suggesting that word extraction is not a specific attentional operation, but rather a result of a certain search strategy. Preliminary data allowed taking a closer look at a mechanism of the size congruency effect in the number comparison task.  Experimental evidence for the representation of the morphemic level (i.e. not only words and word forms, bur also word parts such as roots and affixes) in the mental lexicon of Russian language native speakers has been obtained. However, the whole-word analysis appears to be the «default option» allowing for the fast access to the mental lexicon. The study of trilingual subjects showed that all languages in their language representation system interact at both semantic and syntactic levels, though semantic interaction is more pronounced. The investigation of categorical memory in preschoolers demonstrated that naming of artificial objects allows to memorize additional information about those objects, whereas in the absence of category names such memorization fails. According with the categorical nature of this influence, children selectively use repeated category features and igtore individual features of objects in the memory task. The study into creative thinking showed the influence of instruction violation examples and of a previous monotonous task performance on the creativity level. Subjective representation of one's mood was shown to be influenced by his/her personality traits and emotional intelligence, which means that when studying influence of the mood on cognitive processes, the researchers should take participants' personality traits and emotional intelligence into account. The correlation between emotional information processing and emotional intelligence has been demonstrated using various attentional tasks.

Implementation of the research results.The current study aimed at the investigation into fundamental issues of human cognition and did not imply direct implementation of its results into practice. However, the results can be used in a number of applied areas, starting from the usability of a vast variety of visual displays and finishing with teaching of formal subjects and stimulation of creative thinking in various professionals. The obtained results are also important in the understanding of intellectual development in both children and adults. The results of the subset of studies in problem solving and concept formation might be used to improve current teaching methods.

Publications:


Овсянникова В. В., Шабалина Т. А. Связь эффективности переработки эмоциональной информации с тревожностью // Психологические исследования: электронный научный журнал. 2014. Т. 7. № 33
Ахутина Т. В., Фаликман М. В. Внимание и язык // В кн.: Язык. Константы. Переменные: Памяти Александра Евгеньевича Кибрика / Науч. ред.: М. А. Даниэль, Е. А. Лютикова, В. А. Плунгян, С. Г. Татевосов, О. Федорова. СПб. : Алетейя, 2014. С. 22-37.
Пермогорский М. С. Логическая операция транзитивности при принятии решений: междисциплинарная область изучения психологии и экономики // Психолого-экономические исследования. 2014. Т. 7. № 3-4. С. 37-47.
Пермогорский М. С. Нетранзитивность конкурентного поведения видов в биотических сообществах // Журнал общей биологии. 2014. Т. 75. № 3. С. 226-233.
Пермогорский М. С. Эффект установки при решении задач, связанных с пониманием переходности логических отношений // Мир психологии. Научно-методический журнал. 2015
Яголковский С. Р. Информационные факторы формирования и развития инноваций // В кн.: Интеллектуальные системы' 14 (AIS' 14). Труды Конгресса по интеллектуальным системам и информационным технологиям"IS&IT' 14". Т. 2. М. : Физматлит, 2014. С. 179-187.
Языков С. А., Фаликман М. В. Поиск букв и слов среди букв: сравнительное исследование с регистрацией движений глаз // В кн.: Естественно-научный подход в современной психологии / Отв. ред.: В. Барабанщиков. М. : Институт психологии РАН, 2014. С. 480-486.
Falikman M. Attention and chunking in visual search among letter stimuli // Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics. 2014. Vol. 11. No. 2. P. 150-159.
Yagolkovskiy S. R. Psychological Aspects of Business Development: Personality Factors of Successful Innovative Activity, in: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference of the Society for Global Business & Economic Development. Ancona : Università Politecnica delle Marche, 2014. P. 426-432.
Яголковский С. Р. Инновационность и трансформационное лидерство в условиях образовательного процесса в ВУЗе // Психология в ВУЗе. 2014. № 6. С. 19-30.
Utochkin I. S., Yurevich M. Similarity and heterogeneity effects in visual search are mediated by “segmentability” // Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 2016. Vol. 42. No. 7. P. 995-1007. doi