Goal of Research: to study the social psychological consequences of economic and cultural change.
Empirical base of Research
1. Survey data was obtained in Central federal district of Russia and in Latvia. To study value transmission there were interviewed Russian (112 families with three generations) and Latvian (118 families with three generations) families. Central federal district sample consisted of 40 families with three generations and 103 families with two generations. Total number of respondents was 938: 692 in Latvia and 246 in Central federal disrtict.
2. Data was gathered in 2012 in a representative survey in Central Russia and North Caucasus federal districts (N = 2046). Total number of respondents was 2061: 1026 in North Caucasus federal district and 1035 in Central district
Results of Research
1. Design on the inter-generational transmission of values in different socio-cultural contexts was tested. The largest similarity in values was found between the parents and grandparents in all three samples (Russians in Russia, Russians in Latvia, and Latvians), which was higher than value similarity between parents and children. Significant differences were revealed in specifics of inter-generational transmission of values by comparing different generations and different socio-cultural groups.
2. Analysis conducted in the study on creative behavior predictors showed universality of factor of general creativity (Creativity) and regional differences of contributions of creative behavior in different domains into the general factor. The results confirm the importance of values in the implementation of innovative behavior, identify moderating role of self-efficacy, justify the importance of taking into consideration socio-cultural and organizational context of professional activity, and prove the existence of both direct and indirect effects of demographic characteristics – age, gender and education – on values, self-efficacy and innovative behavior.
3. Results of the study on congruence between values and subjective well-being showed direct link between these two concepts, and some values act as moderators of this link.
4. It has been showed that value influence on attitudes toward ethnic diversity is dependent on individual’s attachment to the group of ethnic majority/minority, as well as on level of cultural heterogeneity and ethnic tension in the region. Both representative survey and population census showed that ethnic diversity did not adversely affect the social capital of Russia, as has been assumed in Putnam’s hypothesis. At the same time, ethnic diversity of Russian regions has a positive effect on ethic tolerance and number of friends.
5. In the first year of the study were developed and tested two research programs studying the effects of two important consequences of socio-economic transformation – the problems of corruption and poverty.
Field of application. The project results can be applied in: prediction of the effects of social and economic reforms; development of program for optimization of inter-group (inter-ethnic) relations; development and assessment of efficiency of programs for stimulating innovations; evaluation of the reforms impact on vulnerable groups of society; prediction of people’s attitudes towards measures preventing corruption, and evaluation of its efficiency.
International partners of Research:
K. Boehnke, PhD, Jacobs University, Germany
A. Knafo, PhD, Hebrew University, Israel
I. Plotka, PhD, Baltic Psychology and Management University College, Latvia