The central objective for the project in 2014 was implementation of the 4th round of the survey of the innovation activities of the enterprises in manufacturing and the selected services. The upgraded methodology aimed at covering the activities of economic agents in the course of creation, dissemination and application of knowledge, using new sources of information, their reactions on the policies. The secondary objectives included the systematization of the evidence accumulated at the previous waves of the research project.
Empirical base of the research:
- The study of innovation activities performed by enterprises in manufacturing and services sectors was carried out within the framework of the European Manufacturing Survey Project run by the Consortium of 18 countries (headed by ISI Frauhhofer, Karlsrue, Germany). Methodological, analytical and reference inputs were integrated into the design of the 4th survey round in order to maintain certain level of international compatibility and also to pursue the topics in line with the long term programme of the studies of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) performed by ISSEK HSE. Another source of methodological as well as empirical support were the outputs of the official statistical survey “4-Innovation” that is carried out by Rosstat on the annual mandatory basis since 1994.
- The monitoring of innovation activities of R&D organizations is heavily based on the methodologies of the statistical surveys of the D Russian R&D organizations (Federal statistical survey “2-science” and “2-science (NTK); results of 2010-2013 surveys of R&D organisations’ innovation activity; methodological and analytical materials published in the framework of other Rosstat surveys and surveys implemented by foreign statistical services.
- General basis for the methodological advancements is derived from the regular projects in the field of Science, Technology and Innovation performed within the ISSEK in the recent years.
Results of Research:
- Regarding the study of innovation activities performed by enterprises in manufacturing and services sectors, the fourth-round of the survey was carried out. The upgraded methodology included the recent trends and recommendations provided by the OECD and EUROSTAT on innovation statistics as well as novel inputs from the European Manufacturing Survey project. Special attention was devoted to the cooperative activities, reactions on the recent changes of the socio-economic environment, efficiency of the state policy instruments for fostering innovation.
- Additionally, the empirical evidence from the previous waves of data collection was systematized in the number of dedicated analyses that were published in the form of academic papers as well as shorter briefs/information bulleteins.
- Regarding the studies of the innovation activities performed by R&D organisations, a number of extended analyses has been carried out providing a strong background for the survey development during the next year. Key insights concerned the functional roles of the research and technology organisations as well as the mechanics of the technology transfer processes that accompany the cooperation between R&D organisations and the enterprises. This allowed to address the policy issues in the field of STI governance, providing the background for the comprehensive policy recommendations.
Level of implementation, recommendations on implementation or outcomes of the implementation of Results:the results were presented at notable international academic events (including XV HSE April Conference, Moscow, Economic Change and Evolution, Academia Nazionale Dei Linceti, Rome, Italy). The research outcomes were published in a number of papers in the peer-review academic journals indexed in SCOPUS citation base.
In order to promote the visibility of the HSE academic performance, the results of the project were disseminated through a newly-established series of informational bulletins (press briefs) that were generally well accepted by the mass media and the expert community.
The empirical outcomes of the project were heavily used in the applied projects in the field of STI carried out for the Ministry of Economic Development, Ministry of Science and Education, OECD and other organisations.
- Miles Ian Douglas, professor, head of the Laboratory for Economics of Innovation (HSE), professor of the Manchester University.
- European Manufacturing Survey Working Party (18 countries involved), coordinated by Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research.