The Problems of Law Enforcement in Contemporary Russia
The object of this research is the mechanisms of law enforcement considered as actual mechanisms of regulation of behavior of specific entities’ (citizens, organizations, governmental bodies) on the basis of general rules
The goal of the work is:
- Collection of empirical data on the real mechanisms of law enforcement ;
- Determination of rules of the law enforcement mechanism; creation of middle-level theories, explaining the specifics of the law enforcement mechanism;
- Elaboration of an effective mechanism for realization of regulatory acts in contemporary Russia, as well as recommendations on the improvement of activities of public administration bodies and economic organizations.
A special feature of this research is the use (as a demarcation criterion) of research program methods, as well as the method of rational reconstruction of the development of theories on the concept of law and law enforcement.
The following results were received during the research:
(a) Effective methods of researching law enforcement problems were elaborated;
(b) A conclusion on the correlation between the law enforcement theory and the general concept of law was successfully proved ;
(c) Reasons of the unsatisfactory situation of the law enforcement theory in the Russian doctrine were determined;
(d) A theoretical basis for the research of law enforcement problems was created, including the problems of law enforcement status;
(e) The structure of law enforcement mechanism was studied;
(f) Specifics of law enforcement mechanisms in private and public law were determined;
(g) Analysis was carried out and recommendations were made on the creation of a mechanism of legal monitoring;
(h) Problems of regulating the activities of judiciary were studied;
(i) Analysis of law enforcement practice by public administration bodies was carried out;
(j) Problems of law enforcement in justice agencies were studied;
(k) Typology of mistakes made by courts of general jurisdiction was formed;
(l) Analysis of the practice of realizing legal rules in business activities was made;
(m) Empirical analysis of the practice of application of labor laws was carried out;
(n) The mechanism of law enforcement in international public and international private law was studied;
(o) Recommendations on the improvement of acts and procedures of law enforcement were created;
(p) Some recommendations on the improvement of public administration activities as part of the administrative reform were suggested.
The results of the research can be used in law making and law enforcement activities by public administration institutions, in the legal doctrine as well as other spheres related to the studied problems.