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The role of foreign trade relations in forming non-commodity (innovation) sector of the Russian economy. The geo-economic approach

2007
Head: Kochetov, Ernest
Department: Research Institute of Foreign Economic Relations

For this project, we have focused on ways to implement state-doctrinal instructions aimed at the development of the non-commodity (innovation) sector of the national economy as part of promoting geo-economic (reproduction) cooperation. Thus, we have studied the mechanisms of sustainable ways to overcome the structural deformation of Russian foreign trade relations.

The methodology of this work is based on fundamental and applied Russian and foreign studies on the topic, focusing on the geo-economic (cluster-network) approach as well as foreign and Russian trade statistics.

This has research demonstrated the current situation and development prospects for both the global and Russian innovation sectors and outlined specific steps to develop the non-commodity sector of the Russian economy as one of the top-priority areas for the efficient reclamation of geo-economic space; we have justified the nature of the innovation field of strategic operation, revealed the current players – the potential strategic partners of Russia in the world economic arena, cooperation and interaction who can facilitate improvement of Russia’s competitive ability in realization of its geo-economic interests.

The development of the Russian high-technology industrial complex serves as the central strategic pre-requisite not only in terms of Russia attaining a high degree of competitive ability, but also for the formation of a sustainable and safe development of Russia amid the global transformations of the modern world. The national system of foreign-trade ties plays a key role: on one hand, it is an indicator of industrial potential, development trends and possibilities for the Russian knowledge-intensive sector (it serves as a strategic indicator), on the other hand, it is a powerful guide to the national economy for the most advanced innovation achievements. 

The national system of foreign-trade ties opens up prospects for advanced organization-functional structures of innovation: samples of cluster-network modeling are projected, the role and place of transnational systems in development of an innovation environment of foreign-economic ties are clarified.

The Russian high-technology industrial sector is aimed at entry into the world arena, laying the innovation groundwork as a requirement for aggressive reclamation of the geo-economic space, formation of Russian innovation habitats and geo-economic vectors in the strategy of the innovation development of Russia. 

Forming a closely-tied network cooperation that originates in Russia in the most advanced industrial structures of innovation activity (incubators, techno-parks, science parks, industrial and intellectual valleys, special economic zones of post-industrial type) with similar world structures would provide an opportunity to start the fundamental modernization of Russian manufacturing and economic infrastructure.

An important factor in developing foreign-trade ties is the transboundary regional systems of the innovation type that are being formed in Russia: industrial North Latitudes Geoeconomic Belt, the Urals Industrial Region, Far-East Network Cluster, Novosibirsk and Tomsk innovation systems etc.

Special attention should be paid to intensive creation of the innovation environment in Russia: establishing Russian transnational financial-industrial groups of strategic status and delegating powers to them to allow them to advocate national geo-economic interests, and state protection of these interests.

The geo-economic approach to modern world analysis provides an overview of the most serious achievements in the central development aspects around the world, namely redistribution of world’s industrial potential, ways of boosting the competitive ability of the agents of world economic communication, new organizational and functional production models (network systems, clusters etc) in the context of conceptually new developments (post-Fordist models). Timely acknowledgment of these trends and taking into account the practical foreign trade activity of Russia will significantly facilitate structural foreign trade transformations thereby boosting export potential in the key science-intensive sectors of the Russian economy and production of state-of-the-art goods.