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Minorities and Majorities in the Asian-African Areal: “Ethics” vs. “Efficiency” in the Context of Social and Cultural Interaction

Priority areas of development: sociology, humanitarian
2015
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

Goal of research: Diverse types and forms identification of interaction between “a majority” and “a minority/ minorities” based on social and cultural history of Asian and African states, their analytical interpretation in the context of moral and pragmatic dimensions determined by the discursive opposition of “ethics-efficiency”.

Methodology:

The research methodology is based on the interdisciplinary approach using synthesis and analysis of the material. Certain parts of the project are found upon the classical Oriental studies methods: source and manuscript studies, fieldwork research methods (applied by the participants during the expeditions in the countries of the Middle East, East and South-East Asia), comparative research methods in folklore, language and socio-ethnographic data, as well as methods of content-analysis and  cross-cultural researches.

Empirical base of research:

Empirical research base covers a wide range of sources: manuscripts constituting handwritten heritage of the peoples of the East; authentic versions of literary and folklore texts in the Oriental languages; musical notations; archive materials; mass media materials of Asian and African countries.

Results of research:

  • New information about small socio-cultural groups, processes of social and ethnocultural divergence and convergence in Asian-African societies, existing and potential opposition of identities, communities (groups) and social trends in the states of Asia and Africa was analyzed and introduced into scientific use;
  • Developed at the previous stage of the project basic principles of the concept “Minority vs. Majority” were supplemented by an analysis of situations and interactions in the context of moral and pragmatic dimensions defined by the principles of “ethics” and “efficiency”;
  • The criteria correlation between “ethics” and “efficiency” in diverse situations involving minorities and majorities for determination of external influence mechanisms for potential conflicts prevention and resolution.

 Level of implementation, recommendations on implementation or outcomes of the implementation of the results:

The project results are used in the development of the curriculum and lecturing courses for students of 1–3 years taught under the program of “Asian and African Studies”, as well as for holding minor lecturing courses “Asian and African Studies” in HSE – St. Petersburg.

Publications:


Gusarova E. Little Known Aspects of Veneration of the Old Testament Sabbath in Medieval Ethiopia // Scrinium: Journal of Patrology and Critical Hagiography. 2017. Vol. 13. P. 154-158. doi
Зеленев Е. И. К 160-летию окончания Крымской войны 1853-1856: египтяне штурмуют Севастополь // Вестник Бурятского научного центра Сибирского отделения Российской академии наук. 2015. № 3 (19). С. 35-45.
Григорьева Н. В. "Дети дракона и феи": роль мифических предков в формировании национальной идентичности у детей в современном Вьетнаме // В кн.: Вьетнамские исследования Вып. 5: Национальные интересы и традиции Вьетнама. М. : ИДВ РАН, 2015. С. 281-299.
Зеленев Е. И. Феномен исламского образования // Азия и Африка сегодня. 2015. № 10. С. 25-30.
Алексеев А. К. Мемуары Абдаллаха Мустауфи как источник для изучения традиционных объединений населения Тегерана (к. 19 – нач. 20 вв.) // В кн.: Азия и Африка в меняющемся мире. XXVIII Международная научная конференция по источниковедению и историогрфии стран Азии и Африки, 22 – 24 апреля 2015 г. : Тезисы докладов. СПб. : ВФ СПбГУ, 2015. Гл. 2. С. 75-76.
Alexeev A. K. Shia places of pilgrimage in Sunni environment (Iraqi Kurdistan border regions as a case study), in: Eighth European Conference of Iranian Studies. , 2015. Ch. 9. P. 6-7.
Алексеев А. К. К значению термина аубаш // В кн.: Лавровский сборник. Материалы XXXVIII и XXXIX Среднеазиатско-Кавказских чтений 2014 – 2015 гг. Этнология, история, археология, культурология. СПб. : Кунсткамера, 2015. Гл. 5. С. 250-253.
Alferova N., Tarasenko A. V. Chinese Export Painting in the Collection of the National Library of Russia / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP "Working Papers of Humanities". 2015.
Alferova N., Tarasenko A. V. Chinese Export Painting in the Collection of the National Library of Russia / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP "Working Papers of Humanities". 2015.
Sergey A. Frantsouzoff. Traces of Islamic influence in the Christian written heritage of Ethiopia // St. Petersburg Annual of Asian and African Studies. 2015. No. 3. P. 91-95.
Nikita A. Vul. The Cradle of Chaos: Metamorphosis of Chinese Elite, 1850s–1900s / Basic Research Programme. Series HUM "Humanities". 2015. No. 95.
Grigoreva N. The Hùng Kings,Their Cult, and 'the Invention of Traditions' Throughout Vietnamese History // St. Petersburg Annual of Asian and African Studies. 2014. Vol. III. P. 123-134.
Alferova N., Tarasenko A. V. Chinese Export Painting in the Collection of the National Library of Russia // St. Petersburg Annual of Asian and African Studies. 2015. Vol. IV. P. 115-135.
Frantsouzoff S. On the Dating of the Ethiopian Dynastic Treatise Kǝbra nagaśt: New Evidence // Scrinium: Journal of Patrology and Critical Hagiography. 2016. Vol. 12. P. 20-24. doi