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Social and psychological consequences of economic and cultural change: cross-cultural analysis

Priority areas of development: economics
2015
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

Goal of research: to study the socio-psychological consequences of economic and cultural change.

Methodology: socio-psychological survey, expert interviews, behavioral methods (“Ultimatum”, “Dictator”, and “Resource Management” games)

Empirical base of research:

  1. The results of a survey of 118 Russian families (parents and children) living in the Kabardino-Balkar Republic and 109 Russian families living in the Republic of North Ossetia – Alania. The total sample size was 454 respondents.

  2. The results of a survey in Latvia (Riga). The sample included representatives of 112 Russian families, the total sample size was 224 people.

  3. The results of a survey of 194 representatives of the nationalities of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingush), 200 Tuvinians from Tuva Republic and 399 Russians from Moscow and Novokuznetsk. Total number was 793 people.

  4. Online data (“Qualtrics” Online Survey Software) survey of the inhabitants of Russia, Latvia, Germany and France. Total number was 705 people.

  5. Survey data from non-poor (N = 100) and poor (N = 103) people. The poor participants were recruited in social welfare centers.

  6. Data from a representative survey conducted in 2012 at the Central and North Caucasian Federal districts of Russia. We analyzed data of 855 respondents from the Central Federal district and data of 106 respondents from Chechnya.

  7. Online surveys data of people living in USA and the Netherlands (N = 6092), involving the participants of the LISS panel (www.lissdata.nl).

Results of research:

1) Value transmission. It was shown that religious identity of Russian teenagers in Kabardino-Balkaria was a predictor of the similarity values of parents and children, while perceived psychological closeness of teenagers with parents was negatively related to value similarity of parents and children. In North Ossetia predictors of value similarity of parents and children were religious identity of parents and perceived psychological closeness of adolescent with a parent. It was also revealed that psychological closeness of children and parents significantly related to life satisfaction and self-esteem of children; however value similarity of children and parents was negatively related to psychological well-being of children, whereas value similarity with peers is positively associated with psychological well-being of adolescents.

2) Values and implicit theories of innovativeness. In this study we: (1) identified “individual” and “social” implicit theories of innovativeness; (2) identified mediating role of such theories in the relationships of Openness to change values and Conservation values and attitudes to innovation; (3) identified differences in the mediating models of interaction between values and attitudes towards innovations among the representatives of traditional and modern types of cultures.

3) Cross-cultural study of relationships between values, trust and attitudes towards corruption. We identified a number of universal, repeated patterns in 4 of the countries studied (Russia, France, Germany, Latvia). It was found that trust had an effect on attitude towards corruption only as characteristic of socio-psychological climate in the society, but had no effect on the individual level. Personal values – Power-Dominance, Conformity-Rules and Universalism-Concern – had a statistically significant effect on the acceptability of corruption in all the countries studied. Power-Dominance values were positively related to the acceptability of corruption, while other values were related negatively.

4) Psychological consequences of poverty. We found significant differences in poor and non-poor people in individual psychological characteristics of three levels: subjective well-being (self-esteem), motivation (self-efficacy and individual values) and decision making (self-control). In addition, we concluded that all indicators of poverty except income (relative deprivation, subjective socioeconomic status, economic status in childhood) have high predictive power in explaining the differences in psychological characteristics of poor and non-poor people.

5) Relationships between value congruence and subjective well-being. The results showed significant positive relationships between the value congruence of the individual and groups of people with similar socio-demographic characteristics and life satisfaction; moderating role of Self-Direction values; greater level of life satisfaction among younger, more educated and more religious people; as well as dependence of life satisfaction on Conformity-Interpersonal and Face values.

6) New psychological scale – Dispositional Greed Scale (DGS) consisting of 7 items – were developed. Conducted research allowed making conclusions about construct and discriminant validity of this scale. DGS allows to predict economic behavior of a person: greedy people left more money to themselves in the “Dictator” game (study 3, N=300) and in the “Ultimatum” game (study 4, N=603) and took more in resource allocation dilemmas (study 5, N=305). Research clarifies the nature and function of greed, individual differences in greed and ways to measure greed.

Level of implementation, recommendations on implementation or outcomes of the implementation of the results. The results of the research can be used in the content of such courses as economic psychology, cross-cultural management, cross-cultural psychology, methodology of cross-cultural studies and similar courses taught in Russian and English. Methodological and theoretical research results can be used in management and civil service organization in the development of recruitment programs, in particular, to assess employee’s attitude toward corruption and readiness for prosocial behavior.

Scope of application of the results. The research results can be applied: in assessing and forecasting an impact of social and economic reforms; in developing and evaluating the effectiveness of programs stimulating innovative activity; in assessing consequences of reforms on vulnerable groups; in predicting attitudes of people toward steps aimed at countering corruption and assessing their efficiency; in predicting and assessing readiness for prosocial behavior.

Publications:


Kuntz A., Davidov E., Schwartz S., Schmidt P. Human Values, Legal Regulation, and Approval of Homosexuality in Europe: A Cross-Country Comparison // European Journal of Social Psychology. 2015. No. 45. P. 120-134. doi
van Osch Y., Zeelenberg M., Breugelmans S. On the context dependence of emotion displays: Perceptions of gold medalists’ expressions of pride // Cognition and Emotion. 2015 doi
Lebedeva N., Bushina E. THE IMPACT OF VALUES, GENDER AND EDUCATION ON CREATIVE BEHAVIOUR IN DIFFERENT DOMAINS IN RUSSIAN REGIONS / National Research University Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". 2015. No. WP BRP 34/PSY/2015.
Vecchione M., Schwartz S., Caprara G., Schoen H., Cieciuch J., Silvester J., Bain P., Bianchi G., Kirmanoglu H., Baslevent C., Mamali C., Manzi J., Pavlopoulus J., Posnova T., Torres C., Verkasalo M., Lonnqvist J., Vondrakova E., Welzel C., Alessandri G. Personal values and political activism: A cross‐national study // British Journal of Psychology. 2015. Vol. 106. No. 1. P. 84-106. doi
Grigoryan L., Schwartz S. Values And Attitudes towards Cultural Diversity in the Russian Context // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2015
Seuntjens T. G., Zeelenberg M., van de Ven N., Breugelmans S. Dispositional greed // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2015. Vol. 108. No. 6. P. 917-933. doi
Mironova A. A. Trust as a Factor of Subjective Life Satisfaction / NRU Higher School of Economics. Series PSY "Psychology". 2015. No. WP BRP 42/PSY/2015 .
Chirkov V., Lebedeva N. Culture Of Horizontality And Personal Autonomy: A Humanistic Approach To Culture Change, in: Culture Matters in Russia and Everywhere: Backdrop for the Russia-Ukraine Conflict / Ed. by L. Harrison, E. Yasin. Lanham : Lexington Books, 2015. P. 325-344.
Миронова А. А. Влияние доверия как элемента социального капитала на субъективное благополучие индивида // В кн.: XV апрельская международная научная конференция по проблемам развития экономики и общества: в 4-х книгах / Отв. ред.: Е. Г. Ясин. Кн. 3. М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. С. 373-386.
van de Ven N., Hoogland C., Smith R., Van Dijk W., Breugelmans S., Zeelenberg M. When envy leads to Schadenfreude // Cognition and Emotion. 2015. Vol. 29. No. 6 doi
Krijnen J., Zeelenberg M., Breugelmans S. Decision importance as a cue for deferral // Judgment and Decision Making. 2015. Vol. 10. No. 5. P. 407-415.
Kunst J., Thomsen L., Sam D., Berry J. W. ‘We Are in This Together’: Common Group Identity Predicts Majority Members’ Active Acculturation Efforts to Integrate Immigrants // Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2015. Vol. 41. P. 1438-1453.
Berry J. W. Intercultural relations in plural societies: Research derived from Canadian multiculturalism policy, in: Revisiting Multiculturalism in Canada: Theories, Policies, and Debates. Rotterdam : Sense Publishers, 2015. P. 37-49.
Berry J. W. Global psychology: Implications for cross-cultural research and management // International Journal of Cross Cultural Management . 2015. Vol. 22. No. 3. P. 342-355.
Khaptsova A. A., Schwartz S. How Robust is the Association of Life Satisfaction with Value Congruence? A Study of Constructed Socio-Demographic Groups in a Russian National Sample / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2014. No. 26/PSY/2014.
Tatarko A., Mironova A. A., Chuvashov S. V. Does Ethnic Diversity Affect Social Capital in the Russian Context? // Social Science Research. 2015
Poluektova O., Efremova M., Breugelmans S. Poverty and Psychology / NRU Higher School of Economics. Series PSY "Psychology". 2015. No. 49.
Татарко А. Н., Миронова А. А. Ценности и доверие как факторы отношения к коррупции // Психология в экономике и управлении. 2015. Т. 7. № 2. С. 96-110. doi
Татарко А. Н. Социально-психологический капитал и политическое поведение личности // Психология. Журнал Высшей школы экономики. 2015. Т. 12. № 3. С. 15-29.
Tatarko A., Mironova A. A., Chuvashov S. V. Does Ethnic Diversity Affect Social Capital in the Russian Context? / NRU Higher School of Economics. Series SOC "Sociology". 2015. No. WP BRP 63/SOC/2015.
Pui Hung Hui B., Chen C., Berry J. W. Facilitating Adaptation and Intercultural Contact: The Role of Bicultural Integration and Multicultural Ideology in Dominant and Non-Dominant Groups // International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 2015. No. 45. P. 70-84.
Han L., Berry J. W., Gui Y., Zheng Y. Differences in resilience by acculturation strategies: A study with Qiang nationality following the 2008 Chinese Earthquake // International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience. 2015. Vol. 17. No. 2. P. 573-580.
Berry J. W. Acculturation, in: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Intercultural Competence Vol. 1. Thousand Oaks : Sage, 2015. P. 15-58.
Döring A., Schwartz S., Cieciuch J. Cross-cultural evidence for universals in value structures and priorities in childhood // British Journal of Psychology. 2015. Vol. 106. No. 4. P. 675-699. doi
Tatarko A., Schmidt P. Individual Social Capital and the Implementation of Entrepreneurial Intentions: The case of Russia // Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 2016. Vol. 19. No. 1. P. 76-85. doi
Лебедева Н. М., Бушина Е. В. Влияние ценностей и мотивации личности на креативное поведение и отношение к инновациям // Психология в экономике и управлении. 2015
Berry J. W. Ecocultural Perspective on Human Behaviour, in: The interface between the economic environment and psychology. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2016. P. 3-47.