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Regular version of the site

Monitoring of civil society

Priority areas of development: sociology
2015
Department: Centre for Studies of Civil Society and Non-Profit Sector
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

Goal of research: to evaluate current position of social society for development and applying of state policy to support and evolve its institutions, NCOs particularly, provide full, authoritative and regularly updated information needed for analysis and prediction of development of civil society in Russia to those actors who are interested in it.

Subject of research:

  • population of Russia and different social groups;
  • noncommercial non-state organizations (NCO);
  • members, militants, volunteers, employees, heads of NCO;
  • other actors of civil society in our country.

Goal of research: to evaluate current position of social society for development and applying of state policy to support and evolve its institutions, NCOs particularly, provide full, authoritative and regularly updated information needed for analysis and prediction of development of civil society in Russia to those actors who are interested in it.

Tasks of research:

  • system identification of monitored object;
  • creating of data base of indicators of current position of civil society in Russia;
  • preparation of analytical materials that could as well explain processes of russian civil society as describe empirical data about the current position of civil society in Russia
  • modeling and prediction of ways to develop civil society in Russia.

Used methods:

  • analysis of findings of theoretical and empirical, Russian and foreign investigations;
  • collecting of empirical data using sociological methods (surveys, interviews, focus group).
  • analysis and generalization of empirical data based on principles of historicism, comparative historical, comparative legal and formal-legal methods
  • mathematical methods of data analysis (in particular ANOVA, factor analysis, cluster analysis (hierarchic, K-means), regression analysis, including multiple regression, binary logistic regression, TOBIT и HECKMAN regression, CHAID-analysis, etc.);

Empirical base of research:

  • Results of the previous rounds of studies on NPOs and on Russian civil society, conducted by the HSE Centre for Studies of Civil Society and the Nonprofit Sector during the 2009-2015;
  • Data of the Government statistics office, sociological and historical research on different aspects of development of civil society and the nonprofit sector in Russia.
  • Data from the Russian representative survey of nongovernmental nonprofit organizations, conducted by the Centre for Research on Civil Society and the Nonprofit Sector in 2014. The sample size was 1000 NGOs in 33 regions of the Russian Federation. The survey was conducted by quota sampling, using representative quotas according to legal forms and year of registration of NGOs. In accordance with the set quotas leaders of organizations located in urban districts, urban settlements and other municipalities were interviewed. The 33 regions were selected on the basis of three sets of characteristics: urbanization index, indicator of the nonprofit sector development (according to the quantities), indicator of economic development of the regions of the Russian Federation determined as the ratio of a region’s the gross regional product to the all Russian average. The interviewees were selected with the use of the official registries of nonprofit organizations and voluntary associations in the selected regions. No more than two thirds of the total number of interviewees in each region were interviewed in the regional administrative center (except Moscow and Saint Petersburg).
  • Data from two all Russian representative population surveys of urban and rural population of Russia at the age of 18 and older conducted in 2015. Sample consists of 1500 respondents. Data was collected by the method of formalized interview with the use of a structured questionnaire at the place of residence of an interviewee in 43 regions of the Russian Federation. Multistage stratified areal random sampling was used. Statistical error of obtained data is not higher than 3,3%.

Results of research:

New empirical data about the current position of civil society in Russia is obtained as a result of the research, methodology of monitoring investigations of civil society in its different aspects is specified, theoretical conceptions explained processes of civil society are developed.

in theoretical area:

  • Discussion of major theories and concepts in the area of public hearings, identification of the basic approaches to determining the legal foundation and regulations for this civic instrument. Based on the analysis of the data from the Russian and international research we also presented a theoretical provision of social, demographic and economical factors, influencing participation of Russians in public hearings and formulated the research hypotheses.  

in methodological area:

  • methodology of monitoring research of civil society in its different aspects is specified.

in the area of obtaining new empirical information

  • Based on the data from the survey of the nonprofit nongovernmental organizations we analyzed different aspects of the NGO functioning (composition and structure of the management system, human resources (paid and unpaid), major sources of funding, fundraising, etc), as well as issues of interactions between NGOs and different levels of government: municipal, regional and federal; attitudes of NGOs towards the government; specifics of realization of control over the state functions with the NGO participation, including in the form of public councils. 
  • Analysis of the specifics of participation of young (18-30 y.o.) an older (over 60) Russians in such charitable activities as monetary donations and volunteering; factors, determining level of participation in these activities of people in different ages.
  • Description of the level of participation of Russians in public hearings; identified social, economic and demographic factors, determining participation in these activities; created a social –demographic portrait of participants.
  • Understanding of the level of involvement of Moscow residents in different civic practices. The conclusion was that the phenomenon under consideration, the so called “urban silence”, which describes people’s low level of readiness to unite for collective actions for the common good and their civic disengagement, is not typical for the Moscovites’ everyday life.
  • Explanation of the mechanisms of influence of personal traits of Russians on their participation in formal and informal volunteering. The explanation was built on regression analysis. Personal traits used for the analysis included values, preferences, views, emotional life, goal setting, intellectual abilities, cognitive abilities, level of self awareness.
  • Information on a range of indicators (130) allowing for dynamic observation of the changes in civil society

Level of implementation, recommendations on implementation or outcomes of the implementation of the results

Monitoring of civil society gives opportunity to make valid conclusions about the main parameters of civil society and nonprofit sector, support empirical base including interregional and intertemporal comparisons and also predict the development of institutions of civil society.

Materials of current research were used:

  • Preparation of informative analytical bulletin about the development of civil society and the nonprofit sector in Russia published by the Center for Studies of Civil Society and the Nonprofit Sector NRU HSE. The bulletin is published regularly on paper and in the Internet. It is intended to popularize the Centre’s research results for a broader audience.
  • Teaching at the academic program on Public Administration at the Public Administration Department, Faculty of Social Sciences, NRU HSE.
  • Organizing seminars during the summer school on “Theoretical and empirical research of the role of innovation in sustainability of the third sector” held by the Center for Studies of Civil Society and the Nonprofit Sector NRU HSE in 2015.

The significance of study results are that they can be used in:

  • government and municipal management in the development of concepts of federal, regional and municipal level programs and in legal acts in the field of development and support for the civic engagement and feasibility of non-profit organizations;
  • in the training future and current public administrators and employees of nongovernmental nonprofit organizations;
  • in the curricula of educational institutions of different fields, including NPO management, government and municipal management, in the frame of staff qualification courses for government municipal management.

Publications:


Mersiyanova I. V., Jakobson L. I., Krasnopolskaya I. Giving in Russia: The difficult shaping of the new nonprofit regime, in: The Palgrave Handbook of Global Philanthropy. L. : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. doi Ch. 13. P. 249-267. doi
Labigne A., Kononykhina O., Mersianova I. In Search Of Critical Capacity: Exploring Attitudes Of NPO Leaders In Russia / NRU Higher School of Economics. Series SOC "Sociology". 2015. No. WP BRP 59/SOC/2015.
Мерсиянова И. В., Корнеева И. Е. «Городское молчание» в Москве: предпосылки и вовлеченность населения в практики гражданского общества // Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены. 2015. № 6. С. 48-66. doi
Корнеева И. Е. Благотворительные практики российской молодежи // В кн.: Исследования молодых ученых: экономическая теория, социология, отраслевая и региональная экономика. Сборник статей. Новосибирск : ИЭОПП СО РАН, 2015.
Мерсиянова И. В., Корнеева И. Е., Иванова Н. В. Фандрайзинг как фактор устойчивого функционирования третьего сектора // Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Серия 8. Менеджмент. 2015. № 1. С. 151-180.
Корнеева И. Е. Молодежь и благотворительность // Гражданское общество в России и за рубежом. 2015. № 4. С. 32-37.
Мерсиянова И. В., Корнеева И. Е., Иванова Н. В. Фандрайзинг в российских некоммерческих организациях: детерминанты результативности и роль в обеспечении устойчивого функционирования // В кн.: XV Апрельская международная научная конференция по проблемам развития экономики и общества: в 4-х книгах / Отв. ред.: Е. Г. Ясин. Кн. 2. М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. С. 374-385.
Корнеева И. Е. Благотворительная активность россиян: региональное измерение // В кн.: Региональная дифференциация и консолидация социального пространства России: реалии и новые вызовы: V Сухаревские чтения. Саранск : Научный центр социально-экономического мониторинга, 2015.
Smith D. H., Puyvelde S. Theories of Associations and Volunteering, in: The Palgrave Handbook of Volunteering, Civic Participation, and Nonprofit Associations. Houndmills : Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. P. 59-89. doi
Smith D. H., Stebbins R. A., Grotz P., Hga J. L., Puyvelde S. V. Typologies of Associations and Volunteering, in: The Palgrave Handbook of Volunteering, Civic Participation, and Nonprofit Associations. Houndmills : Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. P. 90-125. doi