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Friendship, trust and conflict as basic concepts of social theory

Priority areas of development: sociology
2016

Aim

To develop a conceptual framework for the general sociology / sociological theory via introducing novel basic concepts.

Objectives

1) To explore the conceptual structure and logical dynamics of “friendship”, “trust”, and “conflict”;

2) To clarify and redefine these notions in order to modify contemporary sociological theory for current practical problem-solving;  to meet the requirements of pragmatic, action-oriented research, and phronetic social science

Methods

Historical analysis of philosophical, legal and sociological literature and theoretical construction of the conceptual framework; theory-oriented research data analysis.

Key results

The main outcome of the research project consists of:

First, theoretical design of the research was modified so as to meet the current trends in the social sciences, first of all, practical involvement of theoretical knowledge to the urgent problems of social practice solution (so-called phronetic social science and action research).Theoretical results may be used to create and enrich the sources of sociological description and provide grounds for the solution of social problems of current Russian society. Second, it was sorted through that trust backgrounds social interaction and relationship, acting as a kind of "social glue", which is inevitable for the work of any power or authority. The construction of trust is complicated; it can apply both to the institutions, and the relations between individuals, and take a variety of forms, sometimes becoming almost invisible due to the more distinct, differentiated forms of social communication. Third, it was explicated that the basic relationship of friendship and conflict as the two types of reciprocity, are not only opposed but also complementary in modern society. Thus, the power and authority permeate underlying interpersonal relationships, which are constructed as friendly interaction or conflict on the basis of the diverse forms of fuzzy trust. This is not just a term useful only for the theoretical purposes, but the category of pragmatic description of the social world, allowing for the embedded knowledge in a concrete situation; it is made for to study the particular circumstances of the action -- from the everyday behavior of the crowd to the politically important decisions. Such a pragmatic descriptions become necessary in an age of scarce, even extinct, conventional schemes, namely -- the collapse of the globalization concept.

This presupposes in the future, on the one hand, proceeding with the work on a purely conceptual resources, expanding the opportunities of consistent and subtle sociological descriptions and explanations. On the other hand, it does need to deepen the theoretical work aimed at understanding the broader context of social events, including international ones.

 

Publications:


Ямпольская А. В. Ришир, Марк, in: Философы Франции: словарь., 2015. С. 372-374. 
Баньковская С. П. Воображаемые сообщества как социологический феномен. (Вступительная статья), in: Воображаемые сообщества. Размышления об истоках и распространении национализма.. Москва : Кучково поле, 2016. С. 5-27. 
Карл Шмитт. Понятие политического.. Санкт-Петербург : Санкт-Петербургская издательская фирма «Наука» РАН, 2016. 
Левиафан. Москва : Рипол Классик, 2016. 
Филиппов А. Ф. Устройство власти в "Левиафане" Томаса Гоббса., in: Левиафан. Москва : Рипол Классик, 2016. С. 5-56. 
Marey A. V. From People to Community: a Description of the Social Order by Thomas Aquinas. Part 1. Populus, Respublica, Multitudo // Социологическое обозрение. 2016. Vol. 15. No. 4. P. 162-175. doi
Trotsuk I. “To trust or not to trust” is not the question; “How to study trust” as a much more challenging task // Социологическое обозрение. 2016. Vol. 15. No. 4. P. 57-75. 
Фархатдинов Н. Г. Sansi R. (2015). Art, Anthropology and the Gift. London: Bloomsbury. 188 p. ISBN 978-0-85785-535-0 // Социологическое обозрение. 2016. Т. 15. № 3. C. 247-254. doi
Filippov A. F. Betting on Legitimacy // Russia in Global Affairs. 2016. Vol. 14. No. 3. 
Филиппов А. Ф. Закон против порядка? Ставка на легитимность как внутренняя и международно-правовая проблема // Russia in Global Affairs. 2016. Т. 14. № 4. C. 84-93. 
Farkhatdinov N., Acord S. K. Witnessing Culture: Museums, Exhibitions and the Artistic Encounter, in: The Sage Handbook of Cultural Sociology. London : SAGE, 2016. С. 496-509. 
Ямпольская А. В. Мишель Анри, in: Западная философия XX - начала XXI вв. Интеллектуальные биографии. Москва : Университетская книга, 2016. С. 25-41. 
Кильдюшов О. В. Социология религии М. Вебера как теория социального порядка, in: Хозяйственная этика мировых религий: Опыты сравнительной социологии религии. Конфуцианство и даосизм. - 446 с. - ISBN 978-5-93615-185-9. Санкт-Петербург : Владимир Даль, 2017. С. 5-22. 
Авторитет или Подчинение без насилия. Санкт-Петербург : Издательство Европейского университета в Санкт-Петербурге, 2017. 
Kurakin D. The Sociology of Culture in the Soviet Union and Russia: The Missed Turn // Cultural Sociology. 2017. Vol. 11. No. 4. P. 394-415. doi
Ямпольская А. В. Феноменологическая редукция как прием // Вопросы философии. 2017. Т. 2. C. 195-205.