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Friendship, trust and conflict as basic concepts of social theory

Priority areas of development: sociology
2016
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

Aim

To develop a conceptual framework for the general sociology / sociological theory via introducing novel basic concepts.

Objectives

1) To explore the conceptual structure and logical dynamics of “friendship”, “trust”, and “conflict”;

2) To clarify and redefine these notions in order to modify contemporary sociological theory for current practical problem-solving;  to meet the requirements of pragmatic, action-oriented research, and phronetic social science

Methods

Historical analysis of philosophical, legal and sociological literature and theoretical construction of the conceptual framework; theory-oriented research data analysis.

Key results

The main outcome of the research project consists of:

First, theoretical design of the research was modified so as to meet the current trends in the social sciences, first of all, practical involvement of theoretical knowledge to the urgent problems of social practice solution (so-called phronetic social science and action research).Theoretical results may be used to create and enrich the sources of sociological description and provide grounds for the solution of social problems of current Russian society. Second, it was sorted through that trust backgrounds social interaction and relationship, acting as a kind of "social glue", which is inevitable for the work of any power or authority. The construction of trust is complicated; it can apply both to the institutions, and the relations between individuals, and take a variety of forms, sometimes becoming almost invisible due to the more distinct, differentiated forms of social communication. Third, it was explicated that the basic relationship of friendship and conflict as the two types of reciprocity, are not only opposed but also complementary in modern society. Thus, the power and authority permeate underlying interpersonal relationships, which are constructed as friendly interaction or conflict on the basis of the diverse forms of fuzzy trust. This is not just a term useful only for the theoretical purposes, but the category of pragmatic description of the social world, allowing for the embedded knowledge in a concrete situation; it is made for to study the particular circumstances of the action -- from the everyday behavior of the crowd to the politically important decisions. Such a pragmatic descriptions become necessary in an age of scarce, even extinct, conventional schemes, namely -- the collapse of the globalization concept.

This presupposes in the future, on the one hand, proceeding with the work on a purely conceptual resources, expanding the opportunities of consistent and subtle sociological descriptions and explanations. On the other hand, it does need to deepen the theoretical work aimed at understanding the broader context of social events, including international ones.

 

Publications:


Farkhatdinov N., Acord S. K. Witnessing Culture: Museums, Exhibitions and the Artistic Encounter, in: The Sage Handbook of Cultural Sociology. L. : Sage, 2016. P. 496-509.
Фархатдинов Н. Г. Sansi R. (2015). Art, Anthropology and the Gift. London: Bloomsbury. 188 p. ISBN 978-0-85785-535-0 // Социологическое обозрение. 2016. Т. 15. № 3. С. 247-254. doi
Баньковская С. П. Воображаемые сообщества как социологический феномен. (Вступительная статья) // В кн.: Воображаемые сообщества. Размышления об истоках и распространении национализма. / Пер. с англ.: В. Г. Николаев (под ред.: С. П. Баньковская); под общ. ред.: С. П. Баньковская. М. : Кучково поле, 2016. Гл. 1. С. 5-27.
Филиппов А. Ф. Карл Шмитт. Понятие политического. / Пер. с нем. (под ред.: А. Ф. Филиппов); сост.: А. Ф. Филиппов; отв. ред.: А. Ф. Филиппов; под общ. ред.: А. Ф. Филиппов; науч. ред.: А. Ф. Филиппов. СПб. : Санкт-Петербургская издательская фирма «Наука» РАН, 2016.
Ямпольская А. В. Ришир, Марк // В кн.: Философы Франции: словарь / Науч. ред.: И. И. Блауберг. [б.и.], [б.г.]. С. 372-374.
Filippov A. F. Betting on Legitimacy / Пер. с рус. // Russia in Global Affairs. 2016. Vol. 14. No. 3
Trotsuk I. “To trust or not to trust” is not the question; “How to study trust” as a much more challenging task // Russian Sociological Review. 2016. Vol. 15. No. 4. P. 57-75.
Kurakin D. The Sociology of Culture in the Soviet Union and Russia: The Missed Turn // Cultural Sociology. 2017. Vol. 11. No. 4. P. 394-415. doi
Левиафан / Пер. с англ.; под общ. ред.: А. Ф. Филиппов. М. : Рипол Классик, 2016.
Ямпольская А. В. Феноменологическая редукция как прием // Вопросы философии. 2017. Т. 2. С. 195-205.
Филиппов А. Ф. Закон против порядка? Ставка на легитимность как внутренняя и международно-правовая проблема // Россия в глобальной политике. 2016. Т. 14. № 4. С. 84-93.
Ямпольская А. В. Мишель Анри // В кн.: Западная философия XX - начала XXI вв. Интеллектуальные биографии. М. : Университетская книга, 2016. Гл. 2. С. 25-41.
Филиппов А. Ф. Устройство власти в "Левиафане" Томаса Гоббса. // В кн.: Левиафан / Пер. с англ.; под общ. ред.: А. Ф. Филиппов. М. : Рипол Классик, 2016. С. 5-56.
Кильдюшов О. В. Социология религии М. Вебера как теория социального порядка // В кн.: Хозяйственная этика мировых религий: Опыты сравнительной социологии религии. Конфуцианство и даосизм. - 446 с. - ISBN 978-5-93615-185-9 / Перев.: О. В. Кильдюшов. СПб. : Владимир Даль, 2017. С. 5-22.
Марей А. В. Авторитет или Подчинение без насилия. СПб. : Издательство Европейского университета в Санкт-Петербурге, 2017.