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Adjustment of modern approaches to NGO management and raising the efficiency of third sector development in Russia

Priority areas of development: state and public administration
2018
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

Goal of Research: to assess the factors determining the special features of nonprofit management in Russia and produce recommendations on priority measures for adapting successful international management models to the Russian nonprofit sector with the aim to increase its sustainability and effectiveness.

Object of Research: nonprofit management practices.

Methodology

A multidisciplinary approach has been implemented involving sociological economic, historic, philosophic and public administration perspectives. To assess empirical data mathematical methods of data analysis were used.

Empirical Base of Research

  • Russian statistical data on the nonprofit sector;
  • data generated by nonprofit surveys implemented by the Center for Studies of Civil Society and the Nonprofit Sector at the NRU HSE in 2007-2018, including data generated by the Monitoring of Civil Society project;
  • Russian legal data bases featuring government regulation of the nonprofit sector;
  • Data gathered through sociological surveys designed to identify major determinants of the effectiveness in the performance of individual functions in nonprofit management and the impact of information technologies on managing nonprofits including their interaction with their organizational environment;
  • Sources from state archives of the Russian Federation, including The State Archive of the Russian Federation (Moscow); The Central History Archive of the City of Moscow; The Russian State History Archive (St.-Petersburg);
  • data bases of the Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Project.

Results of Research

  • Through systematizing major conceptual approaches to the analysis of functions and structures in nonprofit management it has been determined, that modern theory perceives nonprofit management as a creative process, as a resource at the disposal of an organization to implement its social mission. Among the organizational concepts that are the most useful in illuminating aspects of nonprofit management are open systems theory and neo-institutionalism.
  • Among the external organizational environment factors considerably influencing nonprofit management in Russia are the level of public trust, dominant normative perceptions about informational openness (transparency) and accountability with regards to nonprofits as well as commercialization of nonprofits.
  • Internationally the adaptation of nonprofit management in organizations involved in the provision of social services with government support changes practices in favor of increased professionalism, of specific managerial approaches to ensure financial sustainability and in favor of market orientation.
  • To achieve greater sustainability and effectiveness of the Russian third sector international nonprofit management approaches ensuring market orientation are of particular interest.
  • Major determinants of the effectiveness in the performance of individual functions in nonprofit management relate to organizational management and to project management. Sustainability goal requires introducing a vertical management structure, however effectiveness goals call for retaining sufficient horizontal structures in project implementation. Structurally nonprofits combine some features typical for market sector and the public sector, so that relevant management instruments from these two sectors can be adapted in nonprofit organizations.
  • Historic retrospective analysis of management practices in Russian nonprofits in the late XIX – early XX centuries identified traditions worth to be adapted by modern Russian nonprofits. In particular this relates to the democratic practice of rotation of top managers, the practice of active interaction between central management and regional branches in membership based associations, as well as traditions in organizing general member assemblies when participation and inclusion were highly valued.

Level of implementation of the Results

The main results of this research have been published as papers in leading international English language peer-reviewed journals and Russian language academic journals listed in Scopus and Web of Science. Data and recommendationsbased on the results of this study have been incorporated in policy papers presented to relevant policy making bodies in the Russian government in 2018. Further implementation occurred in the delivery of training courses at the Department of Public Administration at the NRU HSE, Chair for Management of NGOs.

Publications:


Корнеева И. Е., Ойнер О. К. Ориентация на рынок и результативность деятельности российских некоммерческих организаций // Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Серия 8. Менеджмент. 2018. № 4. С. 437-464. doi
Корнеева И. Е. Измерение результативности деятельности НКО в эмпирических исследованиях: факторная структура и надежность шкал // В кн.: Труды 9-й Международной научно-практической конференции студентов и аспирантов «Статистические методы анализа экономики и общества». М. : Национальный исследовательский университет "Высшая школа экономики", 2018. С. 124-125.
Smith D. H. The Global Historical and Contemporary Impacts of Voluntary Membership Associations on Human Societies // Voluntaristics Review: Brill Research Perspectives. 2018. P. 1-125. doi
Colin R. Editor’s Introduction. Linguistic and Terminology Matters Raised by the Current Issue // Voluntaristics Review: Brill Research Perspectives. 2018. Vol. 3. No. 2. P. ix-xiii.
Smith D. H. How Recent Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Can Help All Kinds of Nonprofit Organizations, Both Agencies and Associations // Voluntaristics Review: Brill Research Perspectives. 2018. Vol. 3. No. 1. P. ix-xi.
Smith D. H. The Neglected Dark Side of Voluntarism and the Nonprofit Sector: Larger Context of the General Theory of Deviant Nonprofit Groups // Voluntaristics Review: Brill Research Perspectives. 2018. P. 1-126.
Toepler S. Towards a Comparative Understanding of Foundations. // American Behavioral Scientist. 2018
Smith D. H. The Context and Characteristics of Non-Profit Advocacy Communications in China, in: Communicating Causes: Strategic Public Relations for the Non-Profit Sector Communicating Causes: Strategic Public Relations for the Non-Profit Sector. The Context and Characteristics of Non-Profit Advocacy Communications in China, in: Garsten & Bruce, eds., . London: Routledge, 2018. Ch. 15. P. 215-228. Routledge, 2018. P. 215-228.
Salamon L. M. Foreword: Toward a New Economics, in: Handbook of Research on Nonprofit Economics and Management: Second Edition. Northampton, Cheltenham : Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018. doi Ch. Foreword. P. 12-17.
Knorre B. K., Kharish T. Political Language of the Church in the Post-Soviet Period // KnE Social Sciences. 2018. P. 365-383. doi
Беневоленский В. Б. Стоимостная оценка добровольческой деятельности на макроуровне // В кн.: Оценка экономической и социальной эффективности добровольческой деятельности: методические подходы и проблемы реализации / Под общ. ред.: И. В. Мерсиянова. М., СПб. : Национальный исследовательский университет "Высшая школа экономики", 2018. Гл. 5. С. 69-79.
Беневоленский В. Б., Мерсиянова И. В. Понятие добровольчества в российской и зарубежной науке // В кн.: Оценка экономической и социальной эффективности добровольческой деятельности: методические подходы и проблемы реализации / Под общ. ред.: И. В. Мерсиянова. М., СПб. : Национальный исследовательский университет "Высшая школа экономики", 2018. Гл. 1. С. 15-22.
Беневоленский В. Б. Измерение ресурсов труда добровольцев на макроуровне в России // В кн.: Оценка экономической и социальной эффективности добровольческой деятельности: методические подходы и проблемы реализации / Под общ. ред.: И. В. Мерсиянова. М., СПб. : Национальный исследовательский университет "Высшая школа экономики", 2018. Гл. 4. С. 59-68.
Корнеева И. Е. Ориентация на рынок в некоммерческом секторе: поведенческий подход // В кн.: Управленческие науки в современном мире = Management Sciences in the Modern World: Сб. докл. науч.-практ. конф.: Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации; научный журнал «Стратегические решения и риск-менеджмент». Т. 1. СПб. : ООО "Издательский Дом "Реальная экономика", 2018. С. 45-48.
Toepler S., Jakobson L. I., Mersiyanova I. V. Foundations in Russia: Evolving Approaches to Philanthropy // American Behavioral Scientist. 2018. Vol. 62 . No. 13. P. 1844-1868. doi
Туманова А. С. Либеральная концепция гражданского общества: промежуточные итоги и перспективы осмысления // В кн.: Российский либерализм: итоги и перспективы изучения. Сборник материалов Международной научной конференции. 28-29 сентября 2018 г. Орел, Орловский государственный университет имени И.С. Тургенева. Издатель Александр Воробьев, 2018. С. 99-115.