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Modeling and developing methods of evaluating specifics of formal and informal relations in government structures

2006
Department: International Laboratory for Institutional Analysis of Economic Reforms (LIA)

The increasing role of the state in the functioning of the economy determines the relevance of research works devoted to streamlining bureaucratic apparatus activity in the context of public administration reforms aimed at boosting the efficiency of public sector operations. This trend is seen in both developed and developing countries. The state acts as one of the key economic agents. The ability of of the state to provide adequate rules and guarantee their validity is one of the main factors influencing country’s overall successful functioning. The target of this research is government structures, in particular, in the Russian Federation.

The purpose of the research work is an institutional analysis of functioning specifics of the public service institute, modeling and evaluating parameters of government officials’ interaction environment as well as defining corresponding variables of state policy in the area of public service reforms.

The purpose in view has been developed in the methodological context of new institutional theory, using the tools of agency theory as well as standard non-cooperative and evolutionary game theory.

As a result of the research, we have developed two models, characterizing the specifics of informal relations within government structures and three models dealing with various aspects of regulation policy modeling. We have defined career advancement criteria as well as positive and negative components of climbing the career ladder in government structures.

On the one hand, the models incorporate the accumulated experience on this topic both in foreign and Russian literature; on the other hand, they touch upon issues that have not been studied before. The developed models have no parallel.

The scope of application is the modernization of the structure of executive agencies in the Russian Federation. The models provide a means of designing efficient motivation plans to stimulate public officers to good practice, taking into consideration formal as well as informal parameters.

Most of the tasks in view have been worked out during the research, and the results can be used for further development of this topic. The models can be used to evaluate the introduction of regulations into the activity of public officers. Based on this research, we plan to develop an optimal model of government management and division of powers for Russia, taking into account the existing economic culture in the environment of public officers.