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Regular version of the site

Integrated analysis of global political and economic processes

2010

The most important global processes, the megatrends of modern development are the current state and development of the main centers of the world economy and world politics, the power centers of the new multipolar world as well as their interrelations. The main centers of power in the modern world are the United States, China, Russia and the European Union. However, at the moment, one of them - the European Union (EU) – is undergoing some rapid and dramatic changes that can alter its image and the nature and structure of its participation in global economy and politics. These are the changes associated with adopting the Lisbon Treaty, and the respective large-scale transformation of the institution as well as changes of a broader nature.

The target of the research was the dynamics of internal political and economic development of the European Union at the moment, and the development of EU international relations, in particular with major centers of power – the US, Russia and China. The study focused on identifying the impact of the repercussions of EU institutional reform related to the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty on EU internal evolution and its external relations.

The purposes of the research included:

· Analysis of the EU internal evolution prospects in the short and medium run due to the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty,

· Identifying fundamentally new trends that are characteristic of the entire complex of economic and political relations between the EU and Russia, the EU and China, the EU and the US, in light of the treaty ratification.

These purposes also included an examination of current trends in Russia-the EU, the EU-the US and the EU-China relations as well as determining the impact that the Lisbon Treaty ratification by the EU will have in the short and medium term.

Taking into account these purposes, the research work was biased towards examining and analyzing the variety of internal institutional, political, economic and social development of the EU attributed to the Lisbon Treaty ratification as well as stating the prospects for its further evolution in the short and medium term.

In this light, our achievements included:

1. Analysis of the main scenarios of EU political and economic development in the short and medium term in the context of the Lisbon Treaty ratification.

2. Examination of the key innovations and reforms in the EU predicted in the Lisbon Treaty, including in the area of EU foreign relations.

3. Examination of the impact of the Lisbon Treaty on powers and relations of power among major EU institutions and organizations (European Commission, European Council, European Parliament, European Court of Justice).

4. Analysis of the potential impact of the Lisbon Treaty on interrelations between EU member states on the issue of power and leadership in the EU, and developing the main scenarios of power and leadership distribution among EU countries after the completion of the institutional reform prescribed by the Lisbon Treaty.

5. Analysis of the impact of the Lisbon Treaty and EU institutional reform on development of the economic situation in the EU in the short and medium term.

6. Analysis of the recent EU policy aimed at encouraging competition, including the impact of the Lisbon Treaty ratification;

7. Study of the recent EU policy in the energy area and the impact of the Lisbon Treaty coming into force.

8. Examination of the recent EU policy in the area of financial regulation, including the impact of the Lisbon Treaty.

9. Study of the evolution of the Economic and Monetary Union of the EU, influenced by the Lisbon Treaty.

10.Analysis of the Lisbon Treaty’s impact on recent EU policy in the area of agriculture and fishing.

11. Examination of the impact that ratification of the Lisbon Treaty has had on evolution and development prospects of the European Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy.

12. Analysis of the recent foreign energy policy of the EU and identification of how it has been affected by the Lisbon Treaty.

13. Examination of the evolution in EU cooperation with its external partners in the area of internal security and justice, including the impact of the Lisbon Treaty.

The findings of the research include development of a new innovative approach for the Russian school of European studies, based on a combination of economic and political factors and approaches to the internal transformation analysis of the European Union and relations between Russia and the EU, the EU and the US, the EU and China. These results are of great theoretical relevance due to the multivariance, ambiguity and scenario-based nature of EU internal evolution as a result of ratification of the Lisbon Treaty as well as its impact on Russia-the EU and the EU-China relations. The findings of the research resulted in the following publications: an academic paper “Internal political and economic development of the European Union after ratification of the Lisbon Treaty” and a research note “Main scenarios of European integration project development after the EU institutional reform” that have made a substantial contribution to the theoretical framework and empirical base of the Russian school of European studies.