• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Monitoring Educational and Employment Trajectories of Secondary and Tertiary Education Institution Graduates

2010
Department: Centre for Financial and Economic Decisions in Education

In 2009, the Higher School of Economics started a major longitudinal project “Monitoring educational and employment trajectories of secondary and tertiary education institution graduates”.  In the context of the project, the research team collects information about schoolchildren and students: social and material status of their families, their education, previous educational and employment background, habits, relationships and well-being. The idea of the research is to use the analysis of the life trajectories of these young people during the period of their greatest changes, to understand and interpret the processes that determine transformations of educational and professional trajectories, including their originality. Among the key tasks and capabilities of the project, we note: 1) research into the relation between a series of economic, social and psychological characteristics of study participants, their previous educational and employment background, on the one hand, and the choice of professionalization trajectories on the other hand; 2) identification of forecasting characteristics of different factors; 3) clustering of study participants in terms of supposedly forecasting characteristics; and 4) tracking trajectories of each cluster, thus identifying “typical” trajectories and “groups of risk”.

This project is designed as a longitudinal study of a generation (cohort panel); its main objectives are to search, analyze and understand the key factors affecting young people in transitional moments of their biography – the choice of school, work, and new life strategies. The study is carried out in three-year cycles. This scheme allows us to monitor changes in the selected groups for many years. The first measurement was performed in 2009 - we surveyed secondary school nine-graders and last year students of tertiary educational institutions. In the second phase (in 3 years), schoolchildren become students, enter the labor market, students become young professionals. This way we track the fate of those who work, continue education, change occupation etc. In 2010, we survey freshman students of Moscow universities.

The main theoretic and methodological solutions of the offered monitoring system are:

1. Educational and employment trajectories are considered as mutually complementing and directly related forms of cumulative social experience  rather than in the “investment-dividend” categories. Educational and employment trajectories are elements of life trajectories.

2. In the proposed model, the labor market and education system are recursively related. In particular, it means that there is no principal difference between educational and employment trajectories by definition – as individualization proceeds, trajectories of graduates often migrate between the areas of education and professional activity.

3. The main purpose of the first phase of the project is creating and testing the means of identification and analysis of trajectories of secondary and tertiary education graduates, and identifying the interrelation between the trajectory and context factors. In this case, context factors are defined as socio-economic, demographic, political and other conditions that affect the choice of a graduate’s trajectory, and formation of typical trajectories for a certain territorial or institutional system.

4. It is necessary to organize the factors that determine the choice and modification of educational and employment trajectories, composing a hierarchy of contexts – from family to socio-economic. These contexts are hereinafter referred to as micro- and macro-contexts of individual trajectory realization.

5. Monitoring tools are heterogeneous in principle; this includes the tools of psychological, sociological and economic analysis. In compliance with the conceptual model, the proposed tool structure includes three blocks of instruments: qualitatively sociological, survey and psychological.

Publications:


Tovar-García E. D. Determinants of educational outcomes: Analysis of the Republic of Tatarstan // Communist and Post-Communist Studies. 2014. Vol. 47. No. 1. P. 39-47. doi