Annually updated information of monitoring and its analysis provide timely identification of trends, risks and barriers in the education sphere, which become particularly important in the post-crisis period.
The organizational plan of monitoring the economics of education provides an opportunity to build a system of surveys based on information needs and financing conditions of the annual work cycle without changing its monitoring nature.
“Monitoring Economics of Education and Science (selected sections)” included in 2010 a survey of students’ parents, educators / teachers, and heads / directors of the two segments of the educational system - pre-school and basic. The main idea of this study, which was fully realized, was to support the conceptual approaches and methodologies of monitoring economics of education, carried out by the Higher School of Economics since 2002.
1. Survey of pre-school and basic education segments are aimed at studying the contribution of educational institutions and families in the development of cognitive skills, creativity, and the level of culture and children's health as well as their impact on learning outcomes.
In the context of this purpose, the following tasks were fulfilled:
– Assessment of the families’ costs associated with kindergartens and schools, as well as children’ additional education and sports sections.
– Analysis of families’ involvement in the process of education and development of a child, formation of children’s circle of contacts, and the influence of these factors on the progress in education;
– Identification of characteristics of educational institutions, attended by children;
– Evaluation of teaching practices in educational institutions on the basis of detailed surveys of educators and teachers;
– The study of material reward of employees as related to workload and performance, monitoring the situation in educational institutions by conducting opinion polls among school officers.
The analysis resulted in a number of bulletins of the “Monitoring economics of education” series. The materials of the surveys were published on the website for “Monitoring economics of education”.
2. The purpose of the survey of people’s attitude to science and education was to collect and analyze relevant data on methodology, and to harmonize with Eurostat surveys. To achieve this goal the following tasks were set:
– Analysis of statistical and analytical data provided at the Eurostat portal, associated with surveys of people's attitudes to science and education (the range of topic sections, specifics of the methodology and results presentation);
– Development of methodology and tools that can be applies to Russia;
– Preparing and conducting a survey, then compiling its results in comparison with European countries.
As a result of the research work, the following information was obtained:
- On lifelong education - parameters of people’s participation in formal and additional education, self-education, including time and money at the expense of students, indicators of employers’ interest in training, as well as the factors that hamper learning;
- On the use of information and computer technologies by people – occurrence rate, location and purpose of Internet use, including e-commerce and e-government, as well as online learning, the use of broadband Internet access and mobile devices; attitude to the problems of Internet security, barriers to Internet installation in households;
- On people’s attitudes towards the issues of science and technology development – the importance of specific research fields and new technologies, the approval or disapproval of certain new technologies, assessing the impact of science and technology on various aspects of people's lives.