Development of the Concept and Methodology of Socio-Economic Sphere Monitoring
The existing system of informational support of state policy features considerable gaps which influence the level of substantiation of administrative solutions. For example, there is still no official statistical information on the real spending of people and companies for educational and medical services, as well as the financial situation in educational and health care institutions, the volume, structure and state of their key assets, market conditions and their factors, etc. Undoubtedly this decreases the effectiveness of political and administrative decisions, limits analytical opportunities, holds back the development of forecasting research, and does not provide people with accurate information on the situation in the socio-economic sphere.
The idea of this approach is to create a standard model of system for the accumulation, processing, analysis and presentation of statistical and other data characterizing the situation and development of some socio-economic areas. This standard model, if supported by certain administrative and political decisions, allows the government to act in a broader, more adequate and reliable information field.
The monitoring of the socio-economic sphere is aimed at elaborating a methodology for the formation of regularly updated, developing information resources that provide a true illustration of the situation and trends, and allows an accurate evaluation of the effect of the implemented measures on reforming these sectors and the mechanisms used to reveal problem areas. This kind of information can assist with the timely adjustment of policies on both national and local levels.
Whilst implementing the project, research was carried out related to the substantiation of the key elements of the monitoring model and its structure, the development of proposals concerning the indicator systems, the defining of information sources, topics of standard investigations and the development of a standard organizational flow chart for the implementation and support of the monitoring research in different sectors of the socio-economic sphere. Conceptual and methodological approaches of different monitoring studies were analysed and the accumulated experience was generalized. This analysis was based upon studies carried out at the HSE related to the development of conceptual and methodological problems of planning and implementation of research in monitoring. First, this was the monitoring of the economics of education which involved collection and manipulation of statistical and sociological information in order to characterize the market of educational services and evaluate the total costs spent by various entities on education. The HSE has been studying this area since 2002. Another area of HSE interest is a methodology for monitoring the development of the information society in Russia, as well as science, innovative activities, IT sphere, the new economy and the intellectual services sector as a whole. Important methodological and practical results were obtained during the development of monitoring the indicators of the activity of budgetary institutions, such as federal ministries, services and agencies under the Government of the Russian Federation. A completely new area of the monitoring research is the monitoring of the future – Foresight. This area of study of the prospects оf development of some sectors of the socio-economic sphere based on original methodology, tools and technology is absolutely new, both for world practice and for Russia.
The research has confirmed a hypothesis that generalized information required for the support of the socio-economic policy should be formed through a standard monitoring format which involves a system of collecting, processing, analysis and presentation of specifically structured statistical, sociological and other data.
As far as the first stage of the project is concerned, certain analytical studies were carried out relating to the description of the socio-economic sphere, the definition of the subject area for complex monitoring of the socio-economic sphere, as well as studying and adapting both national and international experience.
The second stage resulted in the elaboration of conceptual, methodological and organizational materials and documents which will provide a consistent practical implementation of the proposed monitoring of the socio-economic sphere.