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Study of the activity of innovation process actors: applying new methodological approaches

Priority areas of development: economics, management
2019
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

Goal

Empirical verification (approbation) of theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of the activity of innovation process actors.

Methods employed:

  • A set of theoretical and empirical approaches to combine econometric, scientometric, sociological, statistical and other methods of analysis, traditional; stylized and specially designed indicators;

  • Desk research, analysis of scientific sources in order to systematize existing theoretical and methodological approaches to research in science, technology and innovation; 

  • Methods of microeconometrics to identify key interrelations, the role of individual factors in determining (selecting) the strategies of enterprises and organizations;

  • Approaches to the classification of enterprises depending on the technological level and the availability of organizational capital with a special focus on technology and organizational methods related to the subject of digitalization and the new industrial revolution;

  • Methods of evaluating the success and attractiveness of scientific careers in Russia and abroad, typology of career trajectories of researchers taking into account the recommendations of the international project "Careers of Doctors of Science (Careers of Doctorate Holders)

  • Approaches to identifying and evaluating innovation patterns in the intellectual services sector in the context of the introduction of new digital technologies;

  • Methods of comparative analysis of activity and social characteristics of two groups of users - those who innovate in the workplace and in their spare time - in order to study the innovative behavior of the population.

Empirical database of the research:

  • Database of strategic planning documents of the Russian Federation in the sphere of science and technology; regulatory framework (documents, reports) of foreign countries;

  • Data sets of federal statistical observation in the field of science, technology and innovation; 

  • Data sets for Monitoring of innovation behavior of innovation process actors (2009-2018), including enterprises and R&D organizations.

  • Results of the population survey within the framework of the specialized module of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey - Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE) (2018, earlier years);

  • Results of the survey of companies in the intellectual services sector and highly qualified personnel, including within the framework of HSE Monitoring of innovation behavior of innovation process actors: innovation activity of companies in the Knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS); patterns of innovation activity of highly qualified personnel engaged in R&D.  

Results:

1. Generalization of the theoretical framework characterizing the "innovativeness" of various economic agents, external factors and institutional conditions for increasing their activity in the field of science, technology and innovation;

2. Systematization of the Russian and foreign experience in research and management in the following areas:

  • New research approaches to the study of science, technology and innovation;

  • Successful practices (innovation strategies) of enterprises, R&D organizations, universities;

  • Professional career paths (models) of highly qualified personnel;

  • Best practices in the implementation of digital technologies;

  • Activities of users implementing innovations at the workplace and in the household;

3. Development of methodological base for solving research and practical tasks in the field of STI;

4. Obtaining and systematization of stylized facts characterizing the activities of various innovative actors and providing the evidence base for public policy in the field of STI on the basis of the results of monitoring studies; designing new indicators;

5. Expansion of the empirical database of monitoring studies, including those carried out at HSE; 

6. Identification and assessment of the impact (effects) of research and innovation activities on socio-economic processes.

Recommendations and results of R&D:

1. Use of new empirical data to meet the "demands" of the state policy in the field of STI, experts, researchers (research, formation and development of a new research agenda); 

2. Information-analytical support of the state policy in the field of STI (activity of the state authorities of the Russian Federation, including the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation, the Administration of the Government of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, etc.), including such directions as

  • Development and adjustment of strategic and policy documents; monitoring of the implementation of the Russian President's Decree No. 204 dated May 7, 2018 on the “National Development Goals and Strategic Objectives of the Russian Federation in the Period until 2024”; Strategy of scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation, National Project for Science, etc.;

  • Identification and assessment of the impact (effects) of activities in the field of science, technology and innovation on socio-economic processes;

  • Evaluation of strategies of the innovation process actors, including enterprises of high-tech sectors, large companies with state participation, small and medium-sized enterprises, and their demand for state support measures;

  • Analysis and evaluation of the use of new advanced technologies and organisational concepts; 

  • Assessment of opportunities and risks of new technologies adoption (including digital) in the systems of social relations and decision-making systems

3. Preparation of reference, information and analytical materials.

Publications:


Li X., Gagliardi D., Miles I. D. Variety in the innovation process of UK research and development service firms // R & D Management. 2019. P. 1-15. doi
Chichkanov N., Miles I. D., Belousova V. Conditions for Innovation in KIBS: Evidence from Russia / NRU Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2019. No. 92/STI/2019.
Ivanova I., Smorodinskaya N., Leydesdorff L. On measuring complexity in a post‑industrial economy: the ecosystem’s approach // Quality and Quantity. 2020. No. 54. P. 197-212. doi
Radosevic S., Meissner D., Lacasa I. D., Günther J. Exploring technology upgrading of emerging economies: From ‘shifting wealth I’ to ‘shifting wealth II’? // Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2019. Vol. 145. P. 254-257. doi
Shmatko N. A., Lavrynenko A. S. Twenty-First Century Skills in Finance: Prospects for a Profound Job Transformation // Foresight and STI Governance. 2019. Vol. 13. No. 2. P. 42-51. doi
Chichkanov N. The Impact of Coproducing Services with Clients on Knowledge-Intensive Business Services' Innovativeness / NRU Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2019. No. 100.
Нефедова А. И., Фурсов К. С. Спрос на каршеринг в России: портрет потенциальных пользователей // Журнал социологии и социальной антропологии. 2019. Т. 22. № 6. С. 150-171. doi
Roud V., Vlasova V. Strategies of industry-science cooperation in the Russian manufacturing sector // The Journal of Technology Transfer. 2020. Vol. 45. No. 3. P. 870-907. doi