Goal of the Study
To provide a comprehensive assessment of the current state of civil society in Russia for the development and implementation of state policy in the field of support of civil society institutions, in particular, non-governmental non-profit organizations, as well as to provide stakeholders with relevant, complete, reliable and regularly updated information necessary for the analysis and forecast of civil society development prospects in Russia.
Object of Research
Civil society institutions in the Russian Federation.
The methodology of this study includes analysis of the results of Russian and foreign theoretical and empirical studies on the main aspects of the topic; collection of empirical data using sociological methods (questionnaires, interviews, focus groups); mathematical methods of data analysis (ANOVA, regression analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis, CHAID analysis, correspondence analysis, etc.).
Empirical Basis of the Study
the data of All-Russia population and NGO surveys, surveys of representatives of social and professional groups performed in 2006-2018 within the framework of civil society monitoring with support from NRU HSE Basic Research Program at the Center for Studies of Civil Society and the Nonprofit Sector;
the data of the online survey of event volunteers (N = 2,500);
government statistics, the data of ministries and departments (Russian Federal State Statistics Service, Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Economic Development, etc.);
results of sociological and historical research on various aspects of the development of civil society and the non-profit sector in Russia.
The Results of the Study:
An information base has been obtained on a group of indicators that allows for dynamic monitoring of the state of civil society.
The features of the social activity of Russian adult population in respect to various socio-demographic and socio-professional groups are characterized; it was revealed that the frequency of donations and the conditions for this action are significantly influenced by both socio-demographic factors and the lifestyle and attitude of citizens.
Various aspects of the functioning of Russian NGOs are described, including the composition and structure of governing bodies, their personnel and volunteer resources, sources of funding, use of fundraising, difficulties in functioning, information disclosure and transparency. The forms and nature of the interaction of NGOs with the public environment and government at various levels are analyzed. The features of state policy in the field of supporting non-profit organizations and their role in solving social problems are described.
The level, dynamics, motives and factors of inclusion of citizens in various practices that contribute to the weakening of the garbage problem in Russia, as well as the degree of intersection of the composition of their participants, are revealed. It has been established that the modern space of practices that weaken the garbage problem is very heterogeneous both in the composition of the participants (socio-demographic characteristics, place of residence, values and attitudes, etc.) and in terms of motives for inclusion (egotistical and / or prosocial).
The characteristics of event volunteer management in Russian NGOs are described; it was revealed that the level of satisfaction with participation in volunteer work is quite high among event volunteers.
The significance of the transmission of volunteering traditions between generations is analyzed, and the stability of the transmission of volunteering traditions is revealed.
The Degree of Implementation, Recommendations for Implementation or Summary of the Implementation Results
The main results of this research have been published as papers in leading international English language peer-reviewed journals and Russian language academic journals listed in Scopus and Web of Science and incorporated in policy papers presented to relevant policy making bodies in the Russian government in 2019. Further implementation occurred in the delivery of training courses at the Department of Public Administration at the NRU HSE, Chair for Management of NGOs. The results also serve the goals of civic education through their use in the information and analytical bulletin and educational TV programs.