To analyze and summarize research experience, systematize and test hypotheses regarding the factors that determine the strategies of political actors, as well as factors affecting the formulation, implementation and outcome of reforms in systems with multilevel governance.
The project used quantitative methods (various options for regression analysis, descriptive statistics) and qualitative methods (analysis of interviews, documents and secondary sources), and also research strategies such as quantitative analysis of a large number of cases, comparative analysis and study of individual cases. The automated tools of scientometric analysis were used.
Empirical base of the research
Within the framework of the project, for individual components on the basis of primary and secondary sources, original databases were collected, as well as an array of regulatory legal acts and official documents.
It was theoretically proved that the multilevel nature of political systems leads to a change in both the general strategies of various actors and in individual elements of strategies that actors use when interacting at different levels. With the help of the concepts of multilevel governance and network governance, new functions of political actors have been identified. Based on the material of the Russian regions, it was proved that business actors not only participate in politics, but also enter into open confrontation with the governors, despite of the potential costs. The study, which was focused on five post-Soviet countries (Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan), showed that the models of interaction between external and internal actors are determined, among other things, by factors of formal admission of external actors to the national political process. An analysis of the reform of the system for the provision of social services in the Russian regions showed the peculiarities of principal-agent relations in the modern Russian context, in particular, the mechanism of “creative compliance”.
Implementation and recommendations
The results obtained during the implementation of the project can be used as recommendations for state authorities of the Russian Federation on foreign policy issues (in the sphere of relations between Russia and the European Union), as well as in the field of regional development and improvement of the management system at the regional level, as well as on issues of social policy. In addition, the results can be applied in lecturing courses on comparative political science, political regionalism and regional integration in undergraduate and graduate programs.