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Intellectual History and History of Literature in a Cross-Cultural Perspective

Priority areas of development: humanitarian
2020

Goal of research

The aim of the project was to examine a wide range of literary phenomena in the context of intellectual history. Special attention was focused on the connection between intellectual history and the concept "literary history". The study of interdisciplinary cases allowed us to establish a connection between the two areas of knowledge.

In accordance with the purpose the research set the following tasks: analysis of the concept of "intellectual history" and the analysis of its methods and trends, the reception of texts of the XIII-XX centuries (in English, French, Russian pre-revolutionary and Soviet literature), the analysis of the history of literature in the context of intellectual history, the analysis of cross-cultural connection between Russian and foreign literature.

Methodology

The research was based on the methods of such scientists as Mikhail Bakhtin,  Sheila Fitzpatrick, Katherine Clark, David Brandenberger, Eugene Dobrenko and the work of scientists from the Cambridge school (John Pocock and Quentin Skinner). This methodology is based on a broad historical context, analysis of the text in the number of other statements, and analysis of the language activity of cultural agents. In addition, the methods are interdisciplinary.

Empirical base of research

The object of the research is a wide range of domestic and foreign literary phenomena analyzed from the point of view of intellectual history: Russian classics, Soviet literature as a multinational literature, the connection between fiction and cinema, Russian translations of the letters of Abelard and Eloise, the studies of John Pocock and Quentin Skinner.

Results of research

The result of research is the number of new empirical cases. Using the interdisciplinary materials explains in more detail the methods and specifics of the concept "intellectual history" and its connection with the history of literature.

First of all, Mikhail Velizhev's research made a great contribution to the study of the concept of "intellectual history". It has become the basis for the afterword to John Pocock's published monograph "Machiavelli's Moment" (co-authored with Timur Atnashev). In addition, Mikhail Velizhev studied the reception of Elias ' sociological research in the Western community.

The work of Alexey Vdovin and Pavel Uspensky on political language and political allegory in Russian classical literature is closely connected with Velizhev's research ("First love is the same revolution": Intimacy as a political allegory in the story of I. S. Turgenev "Torrents of Spring ").

The influence of ideological attitudes on the literary text was studied not only on the material of Russian pre-revolutionary classics, but also with translated texts by Soviet authors (Yulia Kozitskaya "Sabit Mukanov’s poem about the Chelyuskintsy: an original without a translation and a translation without an author"). The research is based on the question of the image of the Other in the literature. Kozitskaya also explored the tradition of contrasting East and West in Russian literature and cinema ("do you want, sir, old Rashid will tell you a beautiful story about the black-eyed Asiad”: The East in early Russian cinema").

Translation issues were also studied in other works of the project participants as Natalia Dolgorukova's work on medieval texts ("In Taberna Quando sumus "as parodia Sacra"). It should be noted that the Russian translations of the letters of Abelard and Eloise were first analyzed in detail by Natalia Dolgorukova in the framework of the current project ("Strange romance, or Abelard and Eloise in Russia of the XVIII century").

Level of implementation, recommendations on implementation or outcomes of the implementation of the results

The results of the project can be used for further research of the concept "intellectual history". The developed methodology can be applied to other interdisciplinary research in the Humanities. In addition, the results obtained can be used in lectures and seminars and are already used by project participants in teaching courses "The intellectual history", "History of the Russian Literature " and " American and European Literary History".

Publications:


Велижев М. Б., Атнашев Т. М. Первооткрыватель республиканской традиции, или Как заниматься политической философией с помощью истории политических языков?, in: Момент Макиавелли: Политическая мысль Флоренции и атлантическая республиканская традиция. Москва : Новое литературное обозрение, 2020. С. 821-850. 
Велижев М. Б. "Цивилизация" Норберта Элиаса: за и против, in: Укрощение повседневности. Нормы и практики Нового времени. Москва : Новое литературное обозрение, 2020. С. 12-33.