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Russian National Innovation System: Development Trends and Policy Areas

2011

Коды по классификатору Elibrary:
06.00.00 Экономика. Экономические науки
06.52.00 Экономическое развитие и рост. Прогнозирование и планирование экономики. Экономические циклы и кризисы
06.52.13 Экономическое развитие. Экономический рост

The “Russian National Innovation System: Development Trends and Policy Areas” project analyses and systematises challenges, limitations and contradictions of the Russian national innovation system (NIS) development, including those related to behaviour of the innovation process actors; formulation of advanced national innovation policy; and an efficient set of regulation tools.

Specific objectives accomplished in 2011 include the following:

- Analysis of the Russian NIS development trends and challenges, on the basis of updated statistical data, expert evaluations, and the results of the survey of the innovation process participants’ behaviour;

- Models of innovation behaviour of industrial companies, developed on the basis of updated  sets of  microdata, the results of comparative studies, and analytical tools;

Concept for analysing innovation behaviour of the R&D centres;

- Review and analysis of international experience regarding formulation of an efficient national innovation policy.

The major results obtained in 2011 are the following:

In the course of the analysis of the development trends in the field of innovationon the basis of updated statistical and sociological data, certain specific features of companies’ innovation behaviour in a crisis situation were identified.

The activity development of industrial companies’ innovation behaviour models, identified new analytical approaches and opportunities on the basis of reviewing and analysing numerous recent international studies. To develop the above models, a set of microdata was updated;  their classification defined more precisely; and approaches to a deeper analysis of the innovation process participants’ behaviour suggested, taking into account the heterogeneity factor.

During the development of the concept for analysing innovation activities in the R&D sector (behaviour of R&D organisations), it was suggested that it be harmonised with theoretical frameworks of  NIS, the innovation cycle, and knowledge circulation areas. Our own results, and the review of international analytical practices, allowed us to identify the main prerequisites for developing a model of R&D organisation as an institutional and functional component of the NIS, and as an object of  national policy. It was demonstrated that the results of R&D organisations’ activities – both as producers of knowledge, and “brokers” of its dissemination – can be aggregated into a generalised form of innovation services. This, in turn, served as a basis for suggesting subjective and objective specifications for studying R&D organisations’ activities in the innovation process.

Regarding the comparative analysis of formulating and implementing the national innovation policy, and systematising approaches to increasing its efficiency,we’ve analysed specific features of developing “green growth” concepts and inclusive innovations; mechanisms for public-private partnership; and prepared recommendations to apply these concepts to developing tools for the Russian national innovation policy. Taking into account the results of reviewing approaches to formulating new-generation national innovation policies, and their various modifications developed in foreign countries during the post-crisis period, practical recommendations were prepared  for implementation in Russia in both the short- and medium-terms.

The original research results were integrated into the following activities:

- Discussion of challenges and development prospects of innovation  in Russia; development of specific proposals regarding national policy tools, in the framework of the “Strategy 2020: New Growth Model, New Social Policy” project (materials of Expert Group 5: “From promoting innovations to promoting innovation-based growth”).

- Preparation of a number of analytical, legislative and information materials for the Russian Government and regional authorities.

Application area: development of theoretical approaches to studying innovation activities (including those in the public sector); Russian NIS development prospects in the short, medium and long terms; methodology and tools for empirical research in this field; development of recommendations to elaborate advanced, efficient innovation policy in Russia, focused on supporting and promoting activities of various innovation process participants.