Analysis of the Preconditions for Efficiency in Institutions
The project integrates eight studies addressing various aspects of efficiency of institutions, social services, and public goods provision. A focal point of the studies was the capacity for collective action, known as social capital, as an institutional performance factor. Of particular significance was the role of social capital in accountable governance, and ways and means to reflect a lack of social capital in institutional design.The studies completed under the project’s umbrella were as follows:
- Social capital and demand for government regulation;
- Economic significance of social capital;
- Social capital and urban traffic outcomes;
- Property rights protection and rotation of ruling elites;
- Education and trust: an empirical analysis;
- Quality of institutions and allocation of talent;
- Performance factors of homeowners associations.
Empirical data for the above projects were assembled from government sources, databases of international organizations and academic institutions, including the Higher School of Economics and its partner organizations. Other sources of data were surveys administered as part of the reporting project.
Some of the main results of the above projects were as follows:
- demand for government regulation in Russian society and quality of such regulation are inversely related to social capital stocks;
- various types of social capital underpin road congestion and accident rates in Russian and US cities;
- rotation of ruling elites around the world and in Russian regions is beneficial for property rights protection;
- securing property titles for suburban real estate in Russia is hampered by a lack of incentives and the incompetence of public servants;
- education makes significant contributions to the level of trust in Russian society;
- the lack of interest among Russian students in education in science and engineering is a symptom of poor institutions.
Results of the above projects were presented at various international conferences, including the Public Economic Theory conference (Bloomington, USA; International Society for New Institutional Economics conference (Stanford, USA), World Congress of the International Economic Association (Beijing, China) etc.
International partners in the above projects:
Developing Recommendations for Public Services Procedure Optimization, to solve Problems of System Optimization in Executive Bodies’ Responsibilities and to improve the Mechanisms of Governmental Regulation of Entrepreneurship Activity