Research Object: The application of comparative legal analysis in branch, cross-cultural, and temporal aspects in the process of studying legal institutions and phenomena.
Research Purpose: To reveal both the significance and possibilities of using comparative legal analysis in the research of legal institutions and phenomena in three aspects: branch, cross-cultural, and temporal. Research activities were carried out according to the following directions: the development of theoretical bases for using comparative legal analysis in the research of legal institutions and phenomena in the branch, cross-cultural, and temporal aspects; the usage of comparative legal analysis in researching public-legal and private-legal institutions and phenomena in these three specified aspects; the usage of comparative legal analysis in researching international legal and European-legal institutions and phenomena. Within the framework of the given directions, the scientific personnel have researched some particular legal institutions and phenomena using comparative legal analysis in the three indicated aspects, revealing its significance for conducted activities and the development of the element most characteristic overall of the selected legal system.
Empirical Base of the Research: (Addendum 'B' of the Report) A wide range of legal sources, including those which had not hitherto been translated into Russian; scientific literature in Russian, English, German, French, Spanish and Italian; Russian and foreign periodical; materials and documents stored in Venezuela (Caracas) National Archives stock, and St. Petersburg and Moscow libraries; and Internet resources.
Research Results: As a result of the conducted investigations, general conclusions have been stated concerning the significance of comparative legal analysis in the three specified aspects in the field of methodological development, theory, and the obtainment of empirical knowledge. The branch aspect of comparative legal analysis makes it possible to apply legal regulatory principles of the appropriate legal branch to the legal institution (or to the phenomenon), analyse its interrelations with other primarily adjacent system elements, and compare it to similar legal institutions and phenomena in other legal branches. The cross-cultural aspect helps identify national characteristics of legal institutions and phenomena, to assess their identity reflected in national traditions and culture, and the presence and extent of borrowing from foreign and international legal experience and foreign models and samples. The application of this temporal aspect makes it possible to consider the influence of concrete historical, socioeconomic, political, and cultural factors on the creation of an institution (or phenomena), and its evolutionary distinctions. The given aspect makes it possible to describe originating sources, the creation of peculiarities, and the current state of a legal institution or phenomenon, presenting its developmental forecast. Each project participant has also defined conclusions based on the results of the research conducted on particular legal institutions and phenomena.
The scientific investigators of this topic have prepared and published the following works: three monographs, two chapters (sections) in books published abroad (Spain and France), two articles in foreign journals (Austria and Italy), 10 articles in Russian journals, including eight articles in the journals reviewed by the Higher Attestation Commission, and 18 articles in other publications. Five legal sources not yet translated into Russian have been introduced into scientific use.
Research Applications: The results of the conducted investigations have been applied and presented in 27 reports made by the participants of the project at different scientific conferences in Russia and abroad.
These research results will be applied in further research activities and publications, courses taught at the law faculty, and in scientific research work in cooperation with students.