Monitoring of the Innovation Process Actors’ Behaviour
06.52.00 Экономическое развитие и рост. Прогнозирование и планирование экономики. Экономические циклы и кризисы
06.52.13 Экономическое развитие. Экономический рост
The goal of the “Innovation Activities of the Innovation Process Actors Monitoring” project planned for 2011-2013 is to conduct empirical studies of innovation activity in Russia, including activities of economic agents in the course of creation, dissemination and application of knowledge, using new sources of information.
The objective for 2011 was to conduct a full-scale survey of innovation activities performed by R&D organisations. The following results have been obtained in the course of the project:
Regarding further development of the programme for research centers’ innovation activities monitoring, specific features and operational model of R&D organisations within the NIS have been identified and described and opportunities for presenting the results of their activities as innovation services have been analysed. On that basis, new research objectives have been suggested, to be accomplished as part of the monitoring project.
In the course of developing tools for surveying R&D organisations’ innovation activities (taking into account the new objectives and results obtained via the 2010 pilot survey), the focus was placed on identifying and overcoming the drawbacks causing loss of statistical material quality on the data collection stage and, to a certain extent, during the initial data processing.
The results of the second round of the survey of innovation activities of 1,000 R&D organisations were analysed. The analysis was focused on identifying differences in the innovation behaviour of organisations involved (almost 62% of the sample) and not involved in technology transfer. The following data was analysed: basic information about the organisations; their resources; composition of their S&T results, and factors affecting the level of technology transfer; market positioning of technologies, and peculiarities of their transfer.
The project also included case studies of technology transfer from R&D organisations which have developed them to the real sector of the economy, and subsequent industrial application of these technologies. In the course of the study 15 experts who are members of the R&D community involved in development and evaluation of high-technology projects, and 15 members of the business community were interviewed. Their opinions served as the basis for further advancement of the concept and tools for surveying R&D organisations’ innovation activities.
The project results were implemented in the course of the following discussions:
-challenges and development prospects of the innovation sphere in Russia; development of specific proposals regarding national policy tools, in the framework of the “Strategy 2020: New Growth Model, New Social Policy” project (requested by the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation; materials of Expert Group 5 panel: “From promoting innovations towards promoting innovation-based growth”).
-development of a toolkit (including models and indicators) with the potential to use new evidence for evaluating Russian S&T and innovation policy initiatives;
-development of analytical, legislative and inquiry materials for the Russian Government and regional authorities.