The object of this research is how electoral space takes shape and how the executive branch of power operates on a regional level.
The purpose of the research is to determine the structure, character, effectiveness and territorial diversity of regional political regimes in Russia. Research into the Russian electoral space and electoral space of foreign states also aims to identify the structure and regional diversity in terms of party systems and electoral behavior.
Our empirical base includes:
-Statistics on the socio-economic situation in the Russian regions given by: the Federal State Statistics Service (http://www.gks.ru), the Regional development ministry (http://www.minregion.ru/) and the Ministry of Finance (http://www.minfin.ru/);
-Sociological data on support for regional political actors supplied by VCIOM (http://wciom.ru/) and FOM (http://fom.ru/);
-Electoral statistics given by CIK (http://www.cikrf.ru/) and similar foreign services.
First, the research shows that the Russian government does not demonstrate “global effectiveness” in public health services and in housing services and utilities in terms of socio-economiс development of the regions.
Second, the Russian political process during the last 10 years tends to low elite consolidation and regional diversity despite ongoing centralization. It leads to a decrease of regional political effectiveness.
Third, the research finds out that protest activities are growing in terms of government and society relations in different regions.
Fourth, Putin’s policy of centralization resulted in consolidation of the party system. The Electorate of “political losers” have chosen other political actors and the opposition have become stronger.
Foreign partners of the research are:
-Cameron Ross. Professor. The University of Dundee, Great Britain (http://www.dundee.ac.uk/politics/staff/cameronross/);
-Ora John Reuter. Post-Doctoral Fellow. Harriman Institute for Russian, Eurasian, and East European Studies. Columbia University. New York, NY. (http://userwww.service.emory.edu/~oreuter/).