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Institutional development of industrial enterprises in the transition economy

Priority areas of development: economics
2012
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

The research of the Institute for Industrial and Market Studies (IIMS) continues the study of 2011 describing the main trends of company evolution in the transition economy. This topic is unique due to: а) the emphasis on the role of the government as one of the most important factors of the institutional environment, b) the use of qualitative methods usage (in-depth interviews, case-studies).

The subject of the study is large and middle-sized Russian companies, and firms in transition economies.

The purpose of the research is the analysis of Russian firms’ behavior and their internal organization, and its evolution under the influence of institutional transformation, changes to the business environment and specific features of Russian economic development (recovery growth, production expansion, financial crisis).

To prepare the report we used surveys of high level managers conducted in Russia and in other transition economies, official statistical data, and materials from international organizations. The empirical basis of the research is:
  • 15 in-depth interviews with experts and members of boards of directors (conducted in 2012);
  • Case-studies of three companies intended for the analysis of the closed type of Russian company behavior;
  • Cross-country data of BEEPS implemented by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank (http://www.ebrd.com/pages/research/economics/data/beeps.shtml ) : the data of 2009 on 12000 enterprises in 29 countries in Central and Eastern Europe, and Central Asia;
  • The secondary usage of two monitoring rounds data (2005 and 2009) of enterprise competitiveness (there are nearly 1000 manufacturing enterprises and eight types of economic activities);
The main results of the project are the following:
  • We have characterized the evolution of approaches to the creation and implementation of industrial policy in Russia in 1992-2012 and revealed the key factors of the industrial policy model choice on different stages of development;
  • We have found out that the closed type of company behavior is determined by the institutions' imperfection and particularly by government regulation, and weakness of property rights protection and competition support policy;
  • We have demonstrated the evolution of approaches of property control by the government as a shareholder in the time of reforms in Russia;
  • We have estimated the correlation between innovative firms’ behavior and the conditions of business environment and found out that innovators view administrative barriers as serious difficulties. When the company becomes innovative the corruption burden appears, but there are no differences between less or more innovative firms;
  • We have defined the main economic and institutional factors of industrial companies’ investment activity in 2000: the key incentive is the replacement of depreciated manufacturing capacities. We have revealed the influence of financial resource access and the level of current financial efficiency on investment decisions;
  • Better management quality and higher factor productivity are typical for Russian companies with foreign property, these firms are more efficient than domestic firms;
  • The boards of directors in Russian companies with a high property concentration are not always formal: there are boards that are real, working boards. The level of concentration does not influence the board’s formality, its functions are determined by the position of the major shareholder;
  • We have defined external (market, financial, communication) and internal (managerial, administrative and economic) effects of quality management system certification on enterprises from different countries for future empirical analysis of Russian data.
The research field of application is applied economic studies and information-analytical support of the government economic policy. The results of the research help to modernize industry, and to improve the business climate and corporate governance in Russia.

Publications:


Голикова В. В. Глава 10. Качество менеджмента и конкурентоспособность предприятия // В кн.: Очерки модернизации российской промышленности: поведение фирм / Науч. ред.: Б. В. Кузнецов. М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. С. 222-239.
Долгопятова Т. Г. Иностранные инвесторы в российской обрабатывающей промышленности: эмпирические свидетельства // Вестник федерального бюджетного учреждения "Государственная регистрационная палата при Министерстве юстиции Российской Федерации". 2012. № 5. С. 4-13.
Баранов А. Ю., Долгопятова Т. Г. Инновационное поведение фирм и деловой климат в странах с переходной экономикой // Российский журнал менеджмента. 2012. Т. 10. № 4. С. 3-30.
Голикова В. В. Качество менеджмента и конкурентоспособность предприятия С. 222-239.
Dolgopyatova T. G. Russian Firms: Business Environment, Internal Organization and Behavior // In «Russia e Europa dell’Est: Progetti e prospettive di crescite» / University of Verona: Polo Scientifico Diddattico «Studi sull’ impresa» and Center for International Studies. Series "Serie di Studi Scentifici". 2012. No. 1.
Dulyak Y. Determinants of the boards of directors evolution in Russian public and nonpublic companies / NRU HSE. Series WP1 "Институциональные проблемы российской экономики". 2013.
Кузнецов Б. В., Гурвич Е. Т. Глава 1. Обрабатывающая промышленность в структуре российской экономики в 2004–2010 гг . С. 34-55.
Демидова О. А., Кузнецов Б. В., Яковлев А. А. Глава 5. Структура рынков сбыта: что и кому продают российские предприятия // В кн.: Очерки модернизации российской промышленности: поведение фирм / Науч. ред.: Б. В. Кузнецов. М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. С. 100-124.
Кузнецов Б. В., Яковлев А. А. Глава 2. Стимулы и барьеры для развития предприятий: на институциональном фронте без перемен // В кн.: Очерки модернизации российской промышленности: поведение фирм / Науч. ред.: Б. В. Кузнецов. М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. С. 35-65.
Кузнецов Б. В. Введение // В кн.: Очерки модернизации российской промышленности: поведение фирм / Науч. ред.: Б. В. Кузнецов. М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. С. 6-13.
Долгопятова Т. Г. Концентрация собственности на российских промышленных предприятиях: динамика и факторы // В кн.: Системное моделирование социально-экономических процессов: труды 35-ой Юбилейной Международной научной школы-семинара имени акад. С.С. Шаталина. г. Кострома, 18-23 сентября 2012 г. / Под общ. ред.: В. Г. Гребенников, И. Н. Щепина, В. Н. Эйтингон. Воронеж : Издательский дом ВГУ, 2014. С. 54-63.
Кузнецов Б. В. Глава 11. Лидеры и аутсайдеры в российской промышленности: динамика и факторы роста эффективности на уровне фирм // В кн.: Очерки модернизации российской промышленности: поведение фирм / Науч. ред.: Б. В. Кузнецов. М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. Гл. 11. С. 240-260.
Гурвич Е. Т., Кузнецов Б. В. Глава 1. Обрабатывающая промышленность в структуре российской экономики в 2004–2010 гг. // В кн.: Очерки модернизации российской промышленности: поведение фирм / Науч. ред.: Б. В. Кузнецов. М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. Гл. 1. С. 14-34.