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Changing Trends in Public Demand for Higher Education and the Economic Effects of Higher Education Re-structuring in Russia

Priority areas of development: state and public administration
2012
Department: Institute for Educational Studies
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

The project was implemented within the framework of the HSE Basic Research Program.

  1. Research object:The study investigates the higher vocational education system under the influence of changing characteristics of their operational environment such as purchasing power of the population and public demand for higher education with due regard for the groups of specialized fields.
  2. Research purpose:To study the dynamics of public demand and its impact on higher education in the situation of demographic decline and the shrinking purchasing power of the families caused by economic recession and the economic effects of the higher education re-structuring.
  3. Methodology:Methodological approaches used in the study, are based on a combination of models and methods of sociological and statistical analysis. To analyse trends in public demand for higher education we use a methodology to assess the dynamic series in the higher education system with a number of tools accessing consumer spending of low-income and high-income household groups by level of education.
  4. Empirical base of the research:To conduct the research we developed a special database, software and information module which allowed us to collect and process necessary data with due regard for the groups of specialized training areas and of regional aspect.
  5. Research outcomes: The research work resulted in the development of a conceptual model of public demand for higher education; methodology to access the dynamics of public demand for higher education in groups of specialized training areas under the conditions of demographic decline and decreasing purchasing capacity of the families; the research presents an assessment of the dynamics of public demand for higher education by federal districts and regions of the Russian Federation; it also presents the results of the analysis of student admissions and graduation in most popular areas of vocational training; some research findings can be used to develop sociological surveys on social attitudes towards higher education, which currently tend to be over-positive; the research also gives evidence of the assumption that the development of fee-paying educational programs does not lead to an increase in the geographical and/or social mobility of young people; it gives an analysis of the re-structuring processes in the higher education sector in Russia and organizational changes in the sector that mainly happen through mergers and acquisitions of higher education establishments.
  6. Implementation of the research results: The suggested conceptual model of public demand makes it possible to explore options of consumer demand for educational services and their compliance with the higher education offer. This approach allows for an analysis of the demand from groups in specialized areas and the level of  development of regional economies. Key findings are presented in the papers published in international and Russian journals as well as at scientific seminars and conferences.
  7. International partners: With the support of Prof. Walterova E. (Director of the Institute for Research&Development in Education, Faculty of Education, Charles University in Prague. Council Member of the International Association of Comparative Education Studies), the University plans to publish a book on educational reforms in Russia based on the outcomes of the research and joint discussions. Links: http://www.orbisscholae.cz/; http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415884907/; eliska.walterova@pedf.cuni.cz

Publications:


Абанкина И. В., Абанкина Т. В., Филатова Л. М., Николаенко Е. А. Реструктуризация высшего образования в современной России // В кн.: Сборник докладов I Международной научно-практической конференции «Перспективы скоординированного социально-экономического развития России и Украины в общеевропейском контексте». 30-31 октября 2012 г. в ИНИОН РАН. М. : ИНИОН РАН, 2013. С. 384-392.
Абанкина И. В., Абанкина Т. В., Филатова Л. М., Николаенко Е. А. Подготовка научных кадров в современной России // В кн.: Сборник докладов XIII Международная научная конференция “Модернизация России: ключевые проблемы и решения”. ИНИОН РАН 20-21 декабря 2012 г. М. : ИНИОН РАН, 2012.
Abankina I., Abankina T., Nikolayenko E., Seroshtan E., Filatova L. The Effects of Reform on the Performance of Higher Education Institutions / Transl.: I. Scherbakova. // Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education. 2012. Vol. 4. No. 1. P. 23-41.
Абанкина И. В., Абанкина Т. В., Филатова Л. М., Николаенко Е. А. Подготовка научных кадров в современной России // В кн.: Россия: тенденции и перспективы развития. Ежегодник. Выпуск 8. Ч.2 / Под общ. ред.: Ю. С. Пивоваров. Ч. 2. Вып. 8. М. : ИНИОН РАН, 2013. С. 367-368.
Абанкина И. В., Абанкина Т. В., Николаенко Е. А., Филатова Л. М. Процессы реструктуризации и тенденции общественного спроса в системе высшего образовании России // В кн.: Регион в период модернизации: социальные институты. Материалы II Международной научно-практической конференции, 5 апреля 2013 г. / Науч. ред.: Д. А. Шпилев. Н. Новгород : Издательство НИСОЦ, 2013. С. 295-299.
Filatova L., Abankina I., Abankina T., Nikolayenko E. Education Development Trends in Russia // Journal of US-China Public Administration. 2012. Vol. 9. No. 10. P. 1198-1214.