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Comparative legal analysis in the study of legal institutions and phenomena in branch, cross-cultural and time aspects

Priority areas of development: law, humanitarian
2012
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

The project was implemented within the framework of the HSE Basic research program.

Research object: The object of the research was the application of comparative legal analysis in branch, and cross-cultural and time aspects in the process of studying legal institutions and phenomena. 

Research purpose: Research purpose was to reveal the significance and potential of applying comparative legal analysis in branch, and cross-cultural and time aspects in the process of studying legal institutions and phenomena.

Research activities were carried out according to the following directions: to develop a theoretical base for the use of comparative legal analysis in researching legal institutions and the phenomena in branch, cross-cultural and temporal aspects; to use comparative legal analysis in research of public and private institutions and the phenomena in these three specified aspects; to use comparative legal analysis in the research of international legal as well as legal aspects of BRICS and European-legal institutions and  phenomena. Within the framework of the given directions the scientific personnel have researched some particular legal institutions and phenomena using comparative legal analysis in the three indicated aspects, revealing its significance for conducted activities and the development of the most overall characteristic of the selected legal system element.

Empirical base of the research: The research project empirical base (addendum Б to the report) constituted a wide range of legal sources, including those which were not translated into Russian hitherto; the scientific literature in Russian, English, French, Spanish and Italian languages; Russian and foreign periodic publication; materials and  documents stored in Caracas (Venezuela) National Archives, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Stockholm (Sweden), Helsinki (Finland), Rome (Italy), Paris, Tours (France), Madrid (Spain) libraries, and internet resources.

Research results: As a result of the investigations, general conclusions were made about the importance of comparative legal analysis for researching any legal institutions and phenomena.

The branch aspect of comparative legal analysis allows us to apply legal regulation principles of the appropriate legal branch to the legal institution (or to the phenomenon), analyze its interrelations with other primarily adjacent system elements, compare it to similar legal institutions and the phenomena in other legal branches. The cross-cultural aspect facilitates the revealing of national features of legal institutions and phenomena, the national traditions and culture recognition in them, the availability of using foreign and international legal experience and foreign models and samples. The application of this time aspect allows us to consider the influence of concrete historical, social and economic, political, cultural factors on the institution creation (or the phenomena), its evolution distinctions. The given aspect allows describing the originating sources, creation peculiarity, legal institution or phenomenon current state, presenting its development forecast. Each participant of the project has also defined the conclusions based on the results of the conducted research of particular legal institutions and the phenomena.

Implementation of the research results: In 2012 the scientific investigators of this topic prepared and published the following works: one chapter (sections) in the book published abroad (Italy), two articles in foreign journals (France, Italy), six articles in journals reviewed by the Higher Attestation Commission, 40 articles in some other publications. Eight legal sources not yet translated into Russian have been introduced into scientific use.

The results of the investigations have been applied and presented in 40 reports made by the participants of the project at different scientific conferences in Russia and abroad.

The Institute of comparative legal research usually presents the results of it’s work in collections of articles. In 2012 two volumes were prepared. Besides in cooperation with the Law Faculty of the Saint-Petersburg Branch of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics“ on the 23–24th of November 2012 an international scientific Seminar “Actual Problems of Legal Regulation of Economic Activity in Russia and in China” took place in Saint-Petersburg.

These research results will be applied in further research activities and publications, course subjects teaching at the law faculty, in research scientific work in cooperation with students.

International partners:
1. Paolo Borba Casella, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil, Vice-Direitor de la Facultade de Direito, Titiular de Direito Internacional Publicohttp://www.direito.usp.br/english/docentes/internacional/din_docentes_pbc_01.php
2. FeiAnling, China University of Political Science and Law, Vice-Dean of the Law Faculty, http://www.cupl.edu.cn/?q=%A7%B6
3. Giancarlo TaddeiElmi - Instituto di Teoria e Techniche dell` Informazione Guiridica - Dirigente di ricerca, http://www.ittig.cnr.it/Presentazione/OrganizzazioneLogistica/Personale.php

Publications:


Ирина Александровна Макарова Актуальные проблемы налогового права Российской Федерации. // В кн.: Актуальные проблемы правового регулирования экономической деятельности в России и Китае / Отв. ред.: Т.А.Алексеева, А. Ильин. СПб. : Издательство Политехнического университета, 2012. С. 235-242.
Ирина Александровна Макарова Инструкция по товарным знакам №578 от 21 апреля 1995 г.(Trade Marks Regulations-GN R578-95). Приложение 3 "Перечень классов товаров и услуг (международная классификация товаров и услуг)"6-я редакция (перевод с англ.яз.) // В кн.: Сравнительно-правовой анализ в исследованиях правовых институтов и явлений в отраслевом,страноведческом и временном аспектах. Труды Лаборатории сравнительно-правовых исследований. Часть 2. / Отв. ред.: Т. А. Алексеева, А. Ильин. СПб. : Издательство Политехнического университета, 2012. С. 169-172.
Макарова И. А. Налог как экономическая и правовая категория: понятие, признаки, функции, виды, элементы // В кн.: Региональные аспекты управления, экономики и права Северо-западного федерального округа России / Под общ. ред.: А. Д. Макаров, А. А. Целыковских. Вып. 3. СПб. : Издательство ВАМТО, 2012. С. 29-33.
Макарова И. А. Общая характеристика государственного регулирования внешнеэкономической деятельности // В кн.: Тенденции развития государства, права и политики в России и мире: Материалы Пятой международной научно-практической конференции / Отв. ред.: В. Быченков, А. В. Ченцов, А. В. Савинов, И. Лукьянова. Калуга : Полиграф-Информ, 2012. С. 139-145.
Gurkov A. The Second-Look Doctrine in Russian Arbitrazh Courts // Review of Central and East European Law. 2013. Vol. 38. P. 389-402.
Рябинчук П. Г. Некоторые проблемы реформирования законодательства России в строительной сфере в связи с вступлением в ВТО // В кн.: Германия и Россия: Опыт и перспективы членства в ВТО. Сборник докладов Международной научно-практической конференции / Под общ. ред.: Л. Совершаева. СПб. : ГУАП, 2012. С. 176-178.
Белоколодова Т. И. Особенности правового регулирования труда медицинских работников в свете изменений трудового законодательства за последние 10 лет // В кн.: Материалы расширенного круглого стола, посвященного 10-летию Трудового кодекса РФ / Сост.: В. Федин; отв. ред.: К. Н. Гусов. М. : МГЮА имени О.Е. Кутафина, 2013. С. 11-19.
Белоколодова Т. И. Особенности правовой культуры при заключении трудового договора с медицинскими работниками // В кн.: Актуальные проблемы права в XXI веке: Сборник статей Всероссийской научно-практической конференции. М. : Издательство РУДН, 2012. С. 358-362.
Белоколодова Т. И. Особенности преподавания дисциплины «Медицинское право» в медицинских и юридических вузах Санкт-Петербурга // В кн.: Медицинское право Украины: теоретико-методологические и практические аспекты преподавания медицинского права: Материалы VI Всеукраинской (V Международной) научно-практической конференции по медицинскому праву (26-28 апреля 2012 года). Львов : ЛОБФ «Медицина и право», 2012. С. 13-19.