• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site
  • HSE University
  • Research projects
  • The Monitoring of Household Socio-economic Behavior and an Analysis of Public Investments in the Education, Health, and Development of Children

The Monitoring of Household Socio-economic Behavior and an Analysis of Public Investments in the Education, Health, and Development of Children

Priority areas of development: sociology
Department: Centre for Longitudinal Studies
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

The project was implemented within the framework of the HSE's Basic Research Programme.

Research Object: 
The population of the Russian Federation.

Research Purpose: 
To create a database for the purpose of analysing the socio-economic behavior of Russian households and then to use that database to analyse the dynamics of the socio-economic behavior of Russian households as well as investments made by the Russian public in the health, education, and development of children.

Empirical Base of the Research:  Data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of the Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE) which combines the results of nationally representative surveys of the Russian Federation conducted between 1994 and 2011 (http://www.hse.ru/rlms/).

Research Results: 
Monthly total household income in 2011 decreased by 1.8%, which includes decreased revenues from government transfer payments (by 0.3%), and cash and in-kind income from household production and the informal sector (14.6%). The total real wage income and income coming from the assistance of relatives and private charities rose by 2.2% and 6.3%, respectively.

Household spending in 2011 decreased by 0.9 percentage points. The share of expenditure on food decreased by 8.8% to 42.4% of total household expenditure; spending on non-food goods increased by 3.3% to 57.6% of total household expenditure. Changes in the structure of household expenditure in favor of non-food items suggests a tendency toward modern Western standards of consumption.

The level of provision of costly household items maintained steady growth, the exception being a slight decrease in the proportion of car ownership by 0.6 percentage points (to 39.1%).

By 2011, the gap in incomes of wealthy and poor households decreased 4.1 times; the difference in expenditures, however, increased 7.1 times.

The gender gap in income between men and women in 2011 declined slightly. The average size of women's income amounted to 70.6% of the average income of men.

In 2011, there was a decline in the unemployment rate, mainly due to the decrease of unemployed men. The unemployment rate for men decreased from 6.5% to 5.7%, by 0.8 percentage points, and among women -- from 5.5% to 5.2%, by 0.3 percentage points.

In 2011, there was an increase in the share of Russians who are satisfied with their lives and financial situation up to 49.2%, which exceeded the pre-crisis level. However, the assessment of life prospects remained rather pessimistic: 44.6% of Russians did not expect any positive or negative changes in their lives. In 2011, the level of anxiety associated with the fear of job loss and difficulty in finding new employment was virtually unchanged from the previous year. The proportion of respondents concerned about the prospect of losing their jobs was 56.2%; the proportion of respondents who are confident in successful re-employment was 40.6%.

In 2011, the share of households with children under the age of 18 years was 33.5%. Of these, about 46.9% had additional expenses related to the child education. Serious obstacles to increase investment in children's education and childcare in 2011 were low levels of per capita income, number of children (more than one), and place of residence.

By 2011, the incidence of children with diabetes, hepatitis, tuberculosis, and nervous breakdowns fell to 2.1%; the frequency of colds also decreased. According to the subjective assessment of the parents, in 2011, the health and physical condition of 75% of the children had been sufficiently good.

Implementation of the Research Results: The results obtained in the course of the analysis were used in the preparation of a Summary Report on the results of expert work on the issues of socio-economic policy in Russia until 2020, "Strategy 2020: The New Growth Model - A New Social Policy", and in a number of analytical materials for different ministries and agencies.

The created database, "Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of the HSE” (RLMS-HSE), which includes technical documentation (survey questionnaires, description of the database structure, codebooks, etc), is available at: http://www.hse.ru/rlms/.

International Partners: 
  • Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina (UNC), USA: Barry M. Popkin, Director, UNC Interdisciplinary Obesity Program and The Carla Smith Chamblee Distinguished Professor of Global Nutrition School of Public Health; and Klara Sabirianova Peters, Assistant Professor of Economics
  • Ohio State University (OSU), USA: Dean Lillard, Associate Professor, Institute for Population Research and Co-Director and Project Manager of the Cross-National Equivalent File Study