Goal of the Research
The purpose of this study is to develop a methodology of technology audit to determine Russian companies' potential capacity to be technologically competitive in the international environment.
Objectives of the study
- to conduct a comparative study of technological transfer and audit in Russia and other countries that have joined the WTO in recent years.
- to elaborate the classification of technology transfer models used by Russian companies;
- to develop a list of technologies that are competitive on the international markets in different sectors of industry (machinery, pharmaceuticals).
- to develop a methodology for technological leadership on the basis of technological and organizational benchmarking.
Empirical basis of the research
Results of a survey of executives and managers of industrial enterprises and structures involved in technology transfer (business incubators). The survey covered 140 respondents in 29 regions.
Results of the Research
1. The research specified the nature and functions of corporate technology transfer and their possible changes under the impact of WTO accession. It was revealed that in the modern environment corporate technology transfer ceases to be solely a function of innovation management, it acquires the features of a routine element of the operating activities of enterprises, a technology management subsystem.
2 . We studied the basic models of corporate technology transfer, and made an analysis of their effectiveness in the light of Russia's entry to the WTO. Our study revealed the connection between the effectiveness of technology transfer and increased productivity in industry in general and in Russia, in St. Petersburg.
3. The essence of technology audit was clarified. We found that technology audit should be viewed as a subsystem of enterprise internal audit, and its results have an impact on various aspects of the enterprise - from strategy to management reward systems.
4 . On the basis of statistical data and research results in Poland, and in the survey of managers of Russian enterprises made in the present study we found similar approaches to technology audit. Also we identified common factors that affected negatively on the efficiency of the audit process. We drew up a list of the factors, with the low level of awareness about the benefits and management practices for the audit process at the top.
5. We developed a methodology and technique for the audit process for industrial enterprises. The procedure involves three stages and it was tested at 20 enterprises of mechanical engineering. Also we identified specific features of the technology audit in the pharmaceutical industry.
6. Based on survey data managers (questionnaires and participation in testing methods) we identified weaknesses in technology transfer in Russia and technology transfer from Russia to other countries. We made recommendations for promoting Russian technologies in the market and for improving technology transfer.
7. A study of technology transfer in the "academic" environment revealed a number of problems necessitating the involvement of intermediaries in the process. On the basis of the study of business incubators as elements of technology transfer, it was found that Russian business incubators in their present form do not contribute to technology transfer, because they prefer an open model and are not aimed at the commercialization of results of R&D . The study was conducted on the basis of 42 business incubators in 8 regions of Russia.
Level of implementation, recommendations on implementation or outcomes of the implementation of results
The methodology of technological audit developed in the framework of the research is recommended for implementation in enterprises that have been participating in its approbation.
The study results are published in Russian journals and proceedings of international conferences. There are also papers that are prepared for international peer-reviewed journals. During the research implementation, and on its conclusion, we held an international seminar with representatives from Italy and Poland. Seminar materials are published (publication date is due in February 2014).
Field of application
Technology management, technology assessment, development of innovation management systems and operating policies, internal audit, quality management.