The basic idea is that neutrality can be regarded as the key factor both of the genesis and design of any legal system.
Following a neo-weberian perspective, we divide the modes of social control into traditional, bureaucratic and rule of law. This framework enables us to reconstruct the foundational conditions of the phenomenon of the rule of law type of social regulation.
The basic hypothesis of the research is that a legal type of social control has been established primarily due to its capacity to legitimate governmental coercion through relatively neutral regulation and procedures.
At the same time, one should bear in mind, that the model of neutrality has undergone dramatic changes from early modern times to late modernity.
We model three types of the neutrality concept: classical, realistic and post-realistic.
Special emphasis has been made on modern controversies with the neutrality problem, its moral and philosophical underpinnings.
Elena Dubovitskaya, Dr. jur., Akademische Rätin a. Z., Lehrstuhl für Bürgerliches Recht, Handels- und Gesellschaftsrecht, Arbeitsrecht und Europäische Privatrechtsentwicklung, Universität zu Köln (Albertus-Magnus-Platz, 50923 Köln). Tel: 0221-470 4010. Fax: 0221-470 5131. firstname.lastname@example.org. www.dauner-lieb.de