Goal of Research: To identify the main features and conceptual basis of the political and economic US-Russia relationship from the first term of President Barack Obama until the end of 2013; to forecast the future development of US-Russia relationships in the short, medium and long term; to elaborate an agenda of US-Russian relationships that could ensure a sustainable bilateral partnership.
Empirical Base of Research: This was based on a wide range of informationl sources and academic literature on the foreign and defense policy of the USA and on US-Russia relations. In particular, the research is based on programme documents on foreign policy in the US and Russia; official speeches and statements of key foreign policy figures in the two countries; announcements and communiqués by Russian and US media agencies on different events concerning US-Russian relations; academic papers and other works by Russian and US authors on the current state of relationships between the two countries.
Results of Research:
1. The key factors determining the current negative trend in US-Russia relationships were uncovered. While the mini-crisis of 2012 is over, the basic logic and philosophy of US-Russian relations remains in the old paradigm, which is determined by “negative cycles”. A new model of bilateral relations based on pragmatic cooperation, which seemed to form at the beginning of 2013, appeared to be too instable and did not correspond to the main trends in the world economy and international affairs, as well as to the challenges Russia and the US face in today's changing world
2. The current agenda and philosophy of bilateral relations reflects issues inherited from the Cold War period or the 1990s when the international system was structured quite differently. As a result, the old agenda, basically confrontational and inadequate for the new international structure and current challenges, is shrinking, while the new one does not yet exist. This leads to bilateral relations lacking trust and makes US-Russia relations abnormally one-sided and oriented towards the past.
3. All the time decision-makers both in USA and Russia remain in the old paradigm, the positive potential of US-Russia relations is shrinking. Arms control as a foundation of the “reset” policy played a negative role strengthening the old philosophy of containment in bilateral relations inherited from the “Cold War”..
4. Recommendations for improving US-Russia relations have been formulated. These consist of improving the political atmosphere of the relationship and forming a new philosophy of bilateral interrogation, which will be able to act as a foundation for a new agenda, corresponding to the main trends in the world economy and international affairs and helping both Moscow and Washington to face the challenges of the modern unpredictable and changing world. US-Russian relations should be mainly aimed at facing the challenges of a chaotic world and issues of national, regional and international security.
International Partners: Timothy Colton, Dean of the Government Department at Harvard University; Keith Darden, Associate Professor at Yale University; Samuel Charap, Associate Director for the Russia and Eurasia Program at American Progress; Dr. Jeffrey Mankoff, Deputy Director and Fellow of the Center for Strategic and International Studies; and Dr. Alexandra Vacroux, Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Harvard University, Executive Director.