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An investigation of new methods of mathematical modelling and mechanism design in the social, economic and political sciences


Research objects: models and methods of decision making theory and intelligent data analysis.

Object of research: models and methods of decision-making theory and intelligent data analysis

Research goals: study of new methods and approaches in the field of mathematical modelling and design of mechanisms in the social, economic and political sciences


Methodology:  social choice theory, game theory, multi-criteria decision-making, intellectual data analysis. The mathematical methods used in the study are optimization methods and methods of combinatorics, cluster analysis, probability theory, statistics, etc. Applied studies used internet data, economic journal databases and a database of university entrants.

Application of results:The results obtained find applicationin regulating the energy and banking sectors, analysis of ethnic and political tensions, analysis of influential groups in elected bodies, multi-criteria decision making, computational text interpretation and analyses of internet data, uncertainty analysis of expert information, ranking alternatives and constructing aggregate ratings, organizing admissions in universities, and research into universities’ effectiveness.

The following results were obtained:

‒ the analytical decision rule with the values of criteria importance measured on an ordinal scale, and the optimization decision rule for problems with criteria measured on the first ordinal metric scale were elaborated

‒ a modification of the Nitzan‒Kelly index for evaluating coalitional manipulability of social choice rules was proposed; the maximal difference of probabilistic measures in IAC and IANC models was studied; the representation of threshold procedure as a scoring rule was found

‒ the problem of determining regions of the Russian Federation that have a similar development structure was solved by the pattern analysis method of socio-economic development indicators

‒ a new model of data envelopment analysis that takes into account the heterogeneity of the set of objects was proposed and elaborated

‒ a simulation model of the stock exchange, which uses information about different types of players and their possible interaction, was constructed

‒ a modelling of the optimal hedge ratio given inter-day and intraday risk trading positions was conducted within an analysis of financial sector effectiveness

‒ a choice of strategy in terms of bank regulatory actions involving systemically important banks was analyzed on the basis of the previously developed game-theory models of strategic interaction between banks

‒ five new (aggregated) ratings of economics, management and political science journals were constructed using ordinal aggregation methods of known bibliometric indicators by applying the theory of social choice for constructing rankings in various applied problems

‒ direct and superposition (two-stage) social choice procedures were studied for their compliance with conditions of rationality, monotonicity and threshold uncompensability

‒ several problems for finding optimal output power generator and determining the competitiveness of renewable energy sources and electricity storage systems were investigated within the development of organizational models and mechanisms

‒ the generalized problem of bankruptcy was investigated, which is closer to the actual economic practice than its classic formulation

‒ a new method was proposed and investigated for analyzing the formation of cartels as a non-cooperative game in which players (firms) are the strategies of the coalition

‒ in the study of double-sided matchings the existence of a stable matching was proven in cases when preferences are interval orders; the relationship between stable matchings and generalized systems of passing scores of universities was shown

‒ generalized power indices depending on participants’ preferences were studied axiomatically; the relationship between these indices and classical indices was shown; the mean value theorem for generalized power indices was proven

‒ ethnic heterogeneity using major indexes was analyzed in the study of models of ethnic and political tension, ethnic heterogeneity index application in various problems of socio-economic and political analysis was considered

‒ change in the influence of groups and factions in Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada for the period 1990‒2012 were analyzed in the framework of applying power indices

‒ a general methodology of data aggregation (summarization) was developed in the framework of research on cluster analysis and computational text interpretation; the effectiveness of a previously developed measure of proximity based on the annotated suffix tree compared with the two most popular methods was shown

‒ a concept of volatility in the cluster analysis of the data was introduced and studied; a new clustering algorithm was developed based on the computing of volatility

‒ an index of ignorance decreasing when combining evidence and conflict measure between the evidence was determined and studied within the Dempster‒Shafer theory; the relationship between conflict measure and index decreasing of ignorance for different types of evidence was studied numerically and analytically

‒ global asymmetry measures and functionals for non-noisy and noisy images were introduced and studied in the framework of stability studies for finding parameters of image symmetry

Foreign partners:


1)  Prof. Claude d'Aspremont,PhD, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, http://www.core.ucl.ac.be/OFFICES/CVs/CV_D'ASPREMONT_Claude.pdf;

2) Prof. Hannu Salonen, PhD, Department of Economics and PCRC, University of Turku, Finland, http://www.utu.fi/en/units/tse/units/department-economics/contact_information/personnel/Pages/Hannu-Salonen.aspx;

3) Prof. Walter Trockel, PhD, Institute of Mathematical Economics at Bielefeld University, http://www.imw.uni-bielefeld.de/n/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=83&Itemid=76;

4) Prof. Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber, PhD, Institute of Applied Mathematics, Middle East Technical University, http://www.mendeley.com/profiles/gerhard-wilhelm-weber/;

5) Prof. Anna Khmelnitskaya, PhD, University of Twente, The Netherlands http://wwwhome.math.utwente.nl/~khmelnitskayaab/


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