The monitoring started in 2009 as a three-year cycle and covers a broad range of indicators. The Survey is the only Russian information source for international comparison with the data issued by OECD, US National Science Foundation, European Commission (Eurobarometer, Innobarometer). The second cycle of the monitoring started in 2012, and the analysis of public perception of innovation was made. The 2013 research focuses on the distribution of innovative practices in the households.
The research is empirically based on the data set containing the results of a standard representative survey of Russian population ‘The Distribution of Innovative Practices in the Households’, conducted by the Levada Analytical Center in November 2012 (surveyed 1670 people above 16). In order to study the changes in distribution of innovative practices data from surveys conducted in 2009, 2010, 2011 are used together with the data on information society and lifelong learning.
The results of the research describe five groups of indicators: the use of information and communication technologies by the population, participation of the population lifelong learning, new forms of work and of leisure activity, and the use of paid services.
The research showed growth in the use of information and communication technologies by the population, which is in line with the emerging trend. More people started using broadband Internet. Russian indicators on the population using Internet are close to those of Croatia, Spain, Latvia, and Hungary. However, by the quality of Internet service and the intensity of Internet use Russia is behind these countries. The majority of population uses Internet mostly for communication, entertainment, as well as for information search and storage. Nevertheless, the growing amount of Russians use a greater variety of Internet practices every year. The analysis of trends in Internet behavior of users indicates the beginning of a new stage in virtual space development. Users tend to move from adaptive online practices, such as communication in social networks or via email, to using a wider range of electronic information flows, forming stable virtual models of consumption, civil activity, education, and financial behavior.
The analysis of public participation in lifelong learning did not reveal any relevant changes in corresponding parameters. The achieved results enable us to conclude that lifelong learning practices are poorly distributed among Russians. In 2012, 27% of Russians between 25 and 64 years old participated in formal, informal or non-formal education. Moreover, mostly young people between 16 and 24 are involved in various forms of non-formal education. Further training is mostly popular among the respondents of 25-34 years old.
As for working activity, the population is conservatively oriented towards formal permanent employment. However, many young people welcome flexible working schedule.
The researchers confirmed the correlation between traditional and new forms of leisure activity. Most of the respondents (4/5) prefer reading traditional printed books, while 18% of the respondents choose electronic books. Almost all of the respondents in Russia watch TV (98%), nearly three quarters regularly listen to music, to audio books, and watch videos. Fewer people play computer games, browse the Internet (40%), and noticeably less frequently respondents engage in creative activities such as art, music, etc. (17%).
As for active leisure time, the majority of Russians prefer going outdoors (76%), gardening (64%), and spend time with their children (49%). Only 25% of the respondents choose sport activity, and 11% regularly visit commercial sport clubs. The overwhelming majority of the respondents (93%) like to spend time with their friends and relatives; 43% go to cafes, restaurants, bars, and only 16% visit nightclubs. Shopping is popular among 84% of the respondents.
The popularity of commercial services is increasing among the population. The analysis of new types of services showed that commercial medical services have remained in great demand, as was the case in 2009. In recent years the demand for private medical services has grown significantly. Other types of commercial services are not so popular. For example, only 11% of the respondents visit cosmetologists, massage therapists, and 9% use delivery services. However, nowadays people use far more commercial services than in 2009.
Besides the analysis of distribution of innovative practices among population, the information base for the research on innovative skills in households was prepared. This data will be analyzed in 2014.
The indicators calculated with the use of the survey data published in more than 100 statistical data books and analytical reports if international organisations both in English and Russian. The latest results of the conducted surveys are presented in a series of HSE working papers.