National Research University "Higher School of Economics" implements Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) at the support of the Russian Federation Government. The Programme is conducted in 27 countries. It is aimed to receive different kinds of data for the development of innovative state policy in the field of education and professional training. In this case the sociological survey was conducted in Moscow, Belgorod, Birobidzhan, Rostov-on-Don, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Yekaterinburg, Sysert, Barnaul, Tyumen. Russian specialists interviewed people in order to collect the data.