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Tag "research projects"

Optimism Makes Algorithm for Reinforcement Learning More Effective

Optimism Makes Algorithm for Reinforcement Learning More Effective
An international team of scientists from Russia, France and Germany (including researchers of the HSE Faculty of Computer Science, the HSE Artificial Intelligence Centre and the Artificial Intelligence Research Institute) have developed a new reinforcement learning algorithm (Bayes-UCBVI). This is the first Bayesian algorithm that has a mathematical proof of effectiveness and has been successfully tested in Atari games. The result was presented at the ICML-2022 conference.

Research Finds Genes Associated with Most Aggressive Kidney Cancer

Research Finds Genes Associated with Most Aggressive Kidney Cancer
HSE researchers have found genes characteristic of the most aggressive subtype of clear cell renal carcinoma. Having studied data on tumour samples from 456 patients, Grigory Puzanov, research fellow at the HSE Faculty of Computer Science International Laboratory of Bioinformatics, identified cancer subtypes associated with either a favourable or unfavourable course of the disease. The paper is published in Scientific Reports.

17 Articles by Researchers of HSE Faculty of Computer Science Accepted at NeurIPS

17 Articles by Researchers of HSE Faculty of Computer Science Accepted at NeurIPS
In 2022, 17 articles by the researchers of HSE Faculty of Computer Science were accepted at the NeurIPS (Conference and Workshop on Neural Information Processing Systems), one of the world’s most prestigious events in the field of machine learning and artificial intelligence. The 36th conference will be held in a hybrid format from November 28th to December 9th in New Orleans (USA).

Study Explains Blood Donation Motivations

Study Explains Blood Donation Motivations
An international team of researchers from the HSE International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, the Russian National Research Centre for Hematology, and a number of American universities examined the motivations of regular blood donors. 

Microfluidic Chip Used to Test Drug Toxicity

Microfluidic Chip Used to Test Drug Toxicity
A team including HSE researchers has developed a way to use microfluidic chips to assess the toxic effects of drugs on humans. This device will help identify and minimise the side effects of drugs during the preclinical trial stage and reduce the need for animal experiments. The study is published in Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine.

Normal for the Abnormal: How the Image of a Maniac Appeared in Popular Culture

'Silence of the Lambs'
The image of a serial killer and/or rapist is a product of scientific discourse, transferred to the cinema, and then to TV series. In many films, the plot is based on finding and capturing such criminals by using a particular method — social and psychological profiling, and the appearance of a maniac in the cinema has been normalized today. Maria Marey, Senior Lecturer at HSE School of Philosophy and Cultural Studies, analysed how science and philosophy have contributed to the emergence of serial killer characters in popular culture, and how it affects the audience.

‘The Competition Gave Young Researchers an Opportunity to Take the Initiative’

‘The Competition Gave Young Researchers an Opportunity to Take the Initiative’
In September, HSE University announced the results of a competition of digital projects by early-career HSE scientists. The event was organised within the framework of the strategic project ‘Digital Transformation: Technologies, Effects, Efficiency’. The organisers selected 8 out of 22 applications. The research teams have already started to implement their projects, and the results will be presented at the end of November. The HSE News Service shares the details of three of the highest-scoring projects in the competition. The creators of the projects are staff members of the HSE Center for Language and Brain, MIEM, and the Faculty of Computer Science.

HSE Researchers Caused People to Behave Less Rationally by Suppressing Activity in Specific Parts of the Brain

HSE Researchers Caused People to Behave Less Rationally by Suppressing Activity in Specific Parts of the Brain
Researchers at the HSE Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience have shown experimentally that magnetic stimulation of the prefrontal cortex of the brain causes test subjects to act less rationally, changing how they assess possible outcomes at the moment they make risky decisions. The scientists believe that the discovery will provide a better understanding of the mechanisms that give rise to gaming addiction. The results of the study were published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Russian Chemists Improve Seawater Desalination Membrane

Russian Chemists Improve Seawater Desalination Membrane
A team of researchers of the HSE Faculty of Chemistry  Joint Department of Inorganic Chemistry and Materials Science with the RAS Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry have designed a novel type of hybrid ion-exchange membrane. Such membranes can be used to produce drinking water from seawater, which is particularly relevant for areas with access to the sea and a shortage of drinking water. The study is published in Desalination.

Russian Scientists Propose New Method of Studying Cognitive Dissonance

Russian Scientists Propose New Method of Studying Cognitive Dissonance
Researchers from HSE University propose using online TMS (transcranial magnetic stimulation) to study the dynamics of cognitive dissonance. The study findings are published in Pavlov Journal of Higher Nervous Activity.