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Visual Perception and Attention

2020/2021
Учебный год
ENG
Обучение ведется на английском языке
4
Кредиты
Статус:
Курс по выбору
Когда читается:
1-й курс, 3, 4 модуль

Преподаватели

Course Syllabus

Abstract

Visual perception is an inference of a scene out there based on a sensory input from eyes. Visual attention is a process concentrating a computational force of the brain on a specific aspect of the perceived scene or of the sensory input. The processes of perception and attention interact with one another and the interaction is even indispensable for them. This course will review studies of them and of interactions between them. Theories behind perception and attention will be particularly emphasized. The first half of the course mostly covers perception: how the scene is represented in the brain, how the representation is computed in the brain, and how the perceptual process affects and is affected by attention. The second half of the course more emphasizes attention itself: types of attention, how attention affects cognitive performance, how it makes us see what we see, how it is linked to memory and consciousness, and why it is limited.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Learn the ability to control low-level cognitive factors for studying high-level cognitive process
  • Learn theoretical and analytical approaches to study the human cognition
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Learn the ability to control visual stimuli in behavioral and neuro-physiological experiments
  • Know the basics and theories about the forward and inverse relations between the distal stimuli and their perception
  • Know the basics about multi-disciplinary aspects of vision science
  • Learn the ability to control visual stimuli in experiments
  • Knows theories of visual perception and their questions
  • Knows the basics of varieties of attention and early attentional theories
  • Knows the basics about the deployment of attention over space and time
  • Knows the basics of feature-based and object-based attention
  • Knows the basics about visual representations beyond the focus of attention
  • Knows the basics about attention and consciousness
  • Knows theories of visual perception and its current questions
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Formalizing problems on vision
    Fechner's causal chain of events; Well-posed and Ill-posed problems;
  • 2D and 3D perception
    Gestalt psychology; Depth cues; A priori constraints
  • Color perception
    Physics of light; Physiological aspects of color perception; Color constancy
  • Varieties of attention and early attentional theories
  • The deployment of attention over space and time
  • Feature-based and object-based attention
  • Visual representations beyond the focus of attention
  • Attention and consciousness
  • Cue combination
    Cue combination; Regularization theorem; Integration of information by using Bayes' theorem
  • Psychophysics and Neuroscience
    M-scaling, Log-polar coordinate system in V1, Iso-luminance
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Home assignments (Perception)
    2 Visual perception home assignments; Its weight in grading is 0.21.
  • non-blocking Take home test (Perception)
    1 take home exam around the end of the module of the perception part; Its weight in grading is 0.28.
  • non-blocking Mid-term test (attention)
  • non-blocking Multiple choice test (attention)
    Экзамен проводится в письменной форме с использованием асинхронного прокторинга. Экзамен проводится на платформе LMS (прокторинг - https://hse.student.examus.net). К экзамену необходимо подключиться за 10 минут до начала. На платформе Экзамус доступно тестирование системы. Компьютер студента должен удовлетворять следующим требованиям: (https://elearning.hse.ru/data/2020/05/07/1544135594/Технические%20требования%20к%20ПК%20студента.pdf) Для участия в экзамене студент обязан заранее зайти на платформу прокторинга, включить камеру и микрофон, авторизоваться с использованием имени и фамилии, провести тест системы, включить камеру и микрофон, подтвердить личность. Во время экзамена студентам запрещено: общаться (в социальных сетях, с людьми в комнате), списывать. Кратковременным нарушением связи во время экзамена считается прерывание связи до 10 минут. Долговременным нарушением связи во время экзамена считается прерывание связи 10 минут и более. При долговременном нарушении связи студент не может продолжить участие в экзамене. При долговременном нарушении связи студент не может продолжить участие в экзамене.
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (4 module)
    0.21 * Home assignments (Perception) + 0.21 * Mid-term test (attention) + 0.3 * Multiple choice test (attention) + 0.28 * Take home test (Perception)
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Busemeyer, J. R. (2015). The Oxford Handbook of Computational and Mathematical Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=958385
  • Foster, D. H. (2011). Color constancy. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.9F267FAC
  • Lu, Z.-L., & Dosher, B. (2014). Visual Psychophysics : From Laboratory to Theory. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=649168
  • Michael S. Landy, Laurence T. Maloney, Elizabeth B. Johnston, & Mark Young. (1995). Measurement and modeling of depth cue combination: in defense of weak fusion. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.FF2DB75
  • Vicki Bruce, Mark A. Georgeson, & Patrick R. Green. (2003). Visual Perception : Physiology, Psychology and Ecology: Vol. Fourth edition. Psychology Press.

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Bender, M. (2011). 3D Shape. Its Unique Place in Visual Perception. * Zygmunt Pizlo. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.C99AC9B0
  • Bilodeau, L., & Faubert, J. (1997). Isoluminance and chromatic motion perception throughout the visual field. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0042-6989(97)00012-6
  • Braithwaite, J. J., Watson, D. G., Andrews, L., & Humphreys, G. W. (2010). Visual search at isoluminance: Evidence for enhanced color weighting in standard sub-set and preview-based visual search. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2010.01.013
  • Howard, I. P., & Rogers, B. J. (2012). Perceiving in Depth. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=414436
  • Howard, I. P., & Rogers, B. J. (2012). Perceiving in Depth. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=414437
  • Howard, I. P., & Rogers, B. J. (2012). Perceiving in Depth. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=414438
  • Kai Hamburger, Thorsten Hansen, & Karl R. Gegenfurtner. (2007). Geometric-optical illusions at isoluminance.
  • Kingdom, F. A. A., Simmons, D. R., & Rainville, S. (1999). On the apparent collapse of stereopsis in random-dot-stereograms at isoluminance. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0042-6989(98)00257-0