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Магистерская программа «Экономика: исследовательская программа»

Advanced Macroeconomics

2019/2020
Учебный год
ENG
Обучение ведется на английском языке
6
Кредиты
Статус:
Курс обязательный
Когда читается:
1-й курс, 2, 3 модуль

Преподаватели

Программа дисциплины

Аннотация

This course is a master’s level introductory course on Macroeconomic theory. It aims to instill a firm understanding of how economic aggregates such as total output, national saving and investment, inflation, exchange rate, trade and cross-border capital flows, current account balance are determined, and how they influence each other in a given economy. The evolution of total output can be conceptually decomposed into a long-term trend and business-cycles around this trend. Macroeconomists have developed two distinct groups of theories (e.g. employing different sets of assumptions) depending on whether they are interested in explaining the short-run dynamics or the long-run dynamics in the economy. Similarly, this course is divided into two parts. The first part of the course, taught by Sergey Pekarsky and Oxana Malakhovskaya, is devoted to study of consumption, investment and business cycles. The second part of the course, taught by Eren Arbatli, is devoted to the process of trend-growth in output per capita. It offers an overview of a range of standard growth models, discuss their theoretical relevance and empirical success in explaining different aspects of the process of long-run economic growth and the emergence of income differences across countries.
Цель освоения дисциплины

Цель освоения дисциплины

  • To provide students with the stylized facts about economic growth and business cycle and the main questions macroeconomists try to address
  • To present basic theories of economic growth and business cycle
  • Introduce the students to core concepts and standard methodological tools that lay the foundation of modern macroeconomic analysis
Результаты освоения дисциплины

Результаты освоения дисциплины

  • To show an awareness of the main debates and approaches in the literature on economic growth and business cycle that will help them decide on the direction of their future research
  • To have a basic understanding of the workings of standard macroeconomic models that will enable them to learn and work with more advanced models in the future;
Содержание учебной дисциплины

Содержание учебной дисциплины

  • Module 2. Weeks 1 – 4
    Microfoundations for business cycle models: consumption and investment models
  • Module 2. Week 5
    • Facts about business cycle; • Overview of business cycles theories in historical perspective
  • Module 2. Week 6
    • Real Business Cycle theory; • General equilibrium model solution; • Dynamic programming. Bellman equation; • Steady-state. Log-linearization.
  • Module 2. Week 7
    • Undetermined coefficients method; • Blanchard and Kahn method; • Calibration, IRF, Relative volatility of variables; • Illustration of a business cycle; • RBC model, facts and critique.
  • Module 2. Week 8
    1. Monopolistic competition in New Keynesian models 2. Adjustment costs 3. Calvo pricing 4. Baseline New Keynesian model
  • Module 3. Weeks 1-2 (4 meetings)
    Theories of Unemployment o Efficiency wage models (Shapiro-Stiglitz model) o Contracting models o Search and Matching models o Empirical Evidence
  • Module 3. Week 3 (2 meetings)
    What do growth economists study and why? o Stylized facts of economic growth and income differences across countries o Taking stock: Questions and puzzles to address o A conceptual approach to drivers of economic growth: Proximate vs Ultimate Causes
  • Module 3. Weeks 4-5 (3 meetings)
    Neoclassical Growth Theory o Brief overview (recap) of Solow-Swan model o Population and economic growth (Required reading: Weil, 4.1 & 4.2, Optional reading: Vollrath Lecture notes Ch. 6)  Population over the long-run: The Malthusian model  Population growth in the Solow-Swan model o Exogenous technological progress in Solow-Swan model o Growth Accounting
  • Module 3. Weeks 5-6 (3 meetings):
     Overlapping Generations (OLG) Models o Baseline and Canonical OLG models o Role of Social security in capital accumulation o An OLG application: Inequality and Development (Galor-Zeira Model ,1993)
  • Module 3. Weeks 6-7 (2 meetings):
     First generation models of endogenous growth: The AK Model  Product Variety Models
  • Module 3. Weeks 7-8 (3 meetings)
    Modeling R&D: The Schumpeterian Model
  • Module 3. Week 9 (2 meetings):
    Technology transfer and cross-country convergence
  • Module 3. Week 10 (2 meetings)
    A baseline model of directed Technological change
Элементы контроля

Элементы контроля

  • Final test 1 (блокирующий)
    Two controls (at the end of each module) will contain problems similar to those in home assignments as well as some short questions testing students’ knowledge of the stylized facts and core concepts mentioned in the lectures
  • Final test 2 (блокирующий)
    Two controls (at the end of each module) will contain problems similar to those in home assignments as well as some short questions testing students’ knowledge of the stylized facts and core concepts mentioned in the lectures.
  • Home assignment 1 (неблокирующий)
    Two home assignments in each module will contain problems that will test your analytical thinking skills and your ability to analyze the models (and their slightly modified versions) we covered in the lectures, i.e. solving the models, discussing their predictions and summarizing the lessons that can be drawn from them
  • Home assignment 2 (неблокирующий)
    Two home assignments in each module will contain problems that will test your analytical thinking skills and your ability to analyze the models (and their slightly modified versions) we covered in the lectures, i.e. solving the models, discussing their predictions and summarizing the lessons that can be drawn from them
  • Home assignment 3 (неблокирующий)
    Two home assignments in each module will contain problems that will test your analytical thinking skills and your ability to analyze the models (and their slightly modified versions) we covered in the lectures, i.e. solving the models, discussing their predictions and summarizing the lessons that can be drawn from them.
  • Home assignment 4 (неблокирующий)
    Two home assignments in each module will contain problems that will test your analytical thinking skills and your ability to analyze the models (and their slightly modified versions) we covered in the lectures, i.e. solving the models, discussing their predictions and summarizing the lessons that can be drawn from them.
  • Class participation in module 2 (неблокирующий)
  • Class participation in module 3 (неблокирующий)
Промежуточная аттестация

Промежуточная аттестация

  • Промежуточная аттестация (3 модуль)
    0.05 * Class participation in module 2 + 0.05 * Class participation in module 3 + 0.35 * Final test 1 + 0.35 * Final test 2 + 0.05 * Home assignment 1 + 0.05 * Home assignment 2 + 0.05 * Home assignment 3 + 0.05 * Home assignment 4
Список литературы

Список литературы

Рекомендуемая основная литература

  • Advanced macroeconomics, Romer D., 2012
  • Foundations of modern macroeconomics. (2002). Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsnar&AN=edsnar.oai.pure.rug.nl.publications.37e191bf.3063.4af6.b36b.f49a1861e10e
  • Knoop, T. A. (2015). Business Cycle Economics: Understanding Recessions and Depressions From Boom to Bust : Understanding Recessions and Depressions From Boom to Bust. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=943327
  • Philippe Aghion, & Peter Howitt. (2009). The Economics of Growth. The MIT Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.b.mtp.titles.0262012634
  • Snowdon, B., & Vane, H. R. (2005). Modern Macroeconomics : Its Origins, Development and Current State. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=127477

Рекомендуемая дополнительная литература

  • Acemoglu, D. (DE-588)124929575, (DE-576)173178197. (2009). Introduction to modern economic growth / Daron Acemoglu. Princeton, N.J. [u.a.]: Princeton Univ. Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.284986100
  • Campbell, J. (1994). Inspecting the Mechanism: An Analytical Approach to the Stochastic Growth Model. Scholarly Articles. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.p.hrv.faseco.3196342
  • Don Harding, & Adrian Pagan. (2006). Measurement of Business Cycles. Department of Economics - Working Papers Series. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.p.mlb.wpaper.966
  • King, R. G., & Rebelo, S. T. (1999). Resuscitating real business cycles. Handbook of Macroeconomics, 927. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.h.eee.macchp.1.14
  • Weil, D. N. (2016). Economic Growth : International Edition (Vol. Third edition). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=1244212