Human Rights for Open Societies
- In this course you will be introduced to one of the world’s most intricate human rights systems: the European Convention on Human Rights.
- Have skills about basic principles of the European Court of Human Rights
- Have basic knowledge of legal practice on the example of specific court decisions related to human rights
- Have basic knowledge of the procedure for restricting human rights
- Introduction to the ECHRThe protection of human rights is closely linked to the idea of open societies. In an open society people enjoy freedom and they are to a large extent free to live their lives as they wish. This week we explore the idea of open societies and see how it relates to the protection of human rights. We also introduce you to the European Convention on Human Rights. This document forms the foundation for one of the world’s most intricate international human rights systems. Finally, you learn about the background and history of the Convention, the rights that are protected therein and the procedure which individuals can use to lodge a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights.
- General principlesWhen someone complains that his or her right to privacy or right to freedom of expression has been violated, the European Court of Human Rights has to assess whether that is truly the case. But how does it do this? In this part of the course, we will focus on the general principles and methods the Court uses in order to assess whether a State has violated the Convention. We will see how the Court approaches human rights cases and learn about the dilemmas it faces in this regard in the context of open societies.
- Human rights and democracyOpen societies require a democratic form of government. But how are human rights and democracy linked? In this part of the course we focus on what democracy entails from a human rights perspective. We also address what voting rights are and how political parties are protected under the European Convention on Human Rights. Finally, we take a look at the protection of political rights in countries in transitions from war to peace and from dictatorship to democracy.
- Insiders and outsiders: non-discrimination, vulnerable groups, migrants and asylum seekersOpen societies are all about inclusion. In an open society, everyone should be allowed to participate on an equal footing. No one should be excluded. Equally, human rights should be enjoyed by all people and discrimination is prohibited. Yet, even in an open society, universality of human rights and the prohibition of discrimination may raise many questions. For example, what about the rights of people who are not (yet) citizens of that society, such as asylum seekers? On the one hand, asylum seekers find themselves in the extremely difficult and vulnerable position of being in transit. For that reason, their needs deserve extra consideration. For example, they may need special protection against hostile responses by the local population, they may need food, education and housing, and they must be protected against discrimination. On the other hand, not being citizens, the question is often raised to what extent they should be included and benefit from the rights and freedoms guaranteed in the European Convention on Human Rights. Finding the right balance and solving such dilemmas is crucial in open societies. In this week, we focus on (1) the rights and freedoms of insiders and outsiders under the European Convention, (2) non-discrimination and (3) the protection of vulnerable groups. To illustrate, we pay special attention to the rights of migrants and asylum seekers, as well as of other minority groups.
- Freedom of expression and public protestThe right to freely express yourself, the freedom of the press to report news and the right to protest are essential in an open society. The freedom of expression enables you to gather information about public issues and to let others know what you think. The media plays an important role in conveying information about matters of general interest. And public protest enables you to publicly support a cause you believe in. Together, these rights provide the essential conditions for the free and peaceful sharing of thoughts and ideas. Nevertheless, the unlimited freedom to say whatever you want and the freedom to protest might also undermine the openness of society. Hate speech and discriminatory speech, for example, might contribute to the exclusion of minority groups. In this learning unit we take a closer look at the right to freedom of expression and the right to freedom of assembly. Thereby, we also address the limits of these rights in an open society.
- ClosureThis is the final assignment of the course on Human Rights for Open Societies. In this assignment the various topics of the course are brought together. The first aim is to help you test the knowledge and insights you have acquired during the course. The second aim is to help you understand the interrelatedness of the main topics discussed.
- Current control: 6 graded multiple answer quizzes and a peer graded assignment (test)
- Intermediate control: interview with the instructor
- Interim assessment (4 module)0.7 * Current control: 6 graded multiple answer quizzes and a peer graded assignment (test) + 0.3 * Intermediate control: interview with the instructor
- Erman, E. (2016). Human Rights and Democracy : Discourse Theory and Global Rights Institutions. London: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1432189
- Kiestra, L. (2014). The Impact of the European Convention on Human Rights on Private International Law. Den Haag: T.M.C. Asser Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=846011
- - Российский ежегодник Европейской конвенции по правам человека = Russian Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights. № 2 (2016): «Автономное толкование» Конвенции и «судейский активизм» - Общество с ограниченной ответственностью «Издательство «СТАТУТ» - 2016 - 656с. - ISBN: 978-5-8354-1258-7 - Текст электронный // ЭБС ЛАНЬ - URL: https://e.lanbook.com/book/92542
- Cotesta, V., & D’Auria, M. (2012). Global Society and Human Rights. Leiden: Brill. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=439996
- Heupel, M. V. (DE-588)13042790X, (DE-576)171965523, aut. (2018). International organisations and human rights : what direct authority needs for its legitimation / Monika Heupel (Junior Professor for International and European Politics, Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg), Gisela Hirschmann (Assistant Professor of International Relations, Leiden University), and Michael Zürn (Professor, Director of the Research Unit Global Governance, WZB Berlin Social Science Center). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.506094812
- Москалькова Т.Н. - REPORT ON THE ACTIVITY OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2017 - Проспект - 2018 - ISBN: 978-5-392-24129-3 - Текст электронный // ЭБС Проспект - URL: http://ebs.prospekt.org/book/41117